The Hazard Communication Standard
The Hazard Communication Standard is an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulation. The Hazard Communication Standard may also be referred to as the Right-to-Know Law, RTK, or HazCom. The citation number is 29 CFR 1910.1200. HazCom is a standard intended to protect employees from physical and health hazards that they work with or be exposed to in the workplace.
Document Link: Hazard Communication Written Compliance Manual
Purdue University has an active Hazard Communication program that uses a train the trainer approach to meet compliance requirements. The program covers all employees of the University including full-time, part-time, temporary, and student employees that are NOT engaged in the laboratory use of chemicals.
Radiological and Environmental Management (REM) conducts the training for work area trainers. These trainers are known as designated trained individuals or DTIs. DTIs serve as the work area coordinators for HazCom including initial implementation and continued maintenance of the program in their work areas. Individuals that are to be the DTIs must attend a training/orientation session. The DTI training is a 2-4 hour course that covers the requirements of the Law, requirements of the University's program, an abbreviated review of Industrial Hygiene concepts, and a short example of how to establish the program in their work area. Hands on class exercises may also be used to demonstrate program requirements and concepts.
REM conducts program audits annually to assess work area compliance through participation in the Integrated Safety Plan. For questions about the Hazard Communication Standard DTI Training contact Heath Bentley.
The purpose of Hazard Communication training is to describe the hazardous characteristics and effects of chemicals and identify sources for chemical hazard information. Training includes a review of how chemical container labels and safety data sheets (SDS) present and format chemical hazard information since the updates mandated by OSHA for the Hazard Communication Standard in 2012.
Training Items Covered
- Chemical label elements (including pictogram, hazard statement, signal word, and precautionary statement)
- Information found in each section of the newly formatted SDS
- General chemical handling procedures
- Rule of thumb task specific chemical exposure controls
- Proper use of PPE and personal hygiene
- Emergency procedure for response to chemical contamination and spill cleanup
Online Training Options
There are two (2) versions of online Hazard Communication training offered, awareness and comprehensive. The Hazard Communication Online Training Options table below provides links to both versions and guidance to help you determine which version you will need. The version you need is dependent on your exposure to hazardous chemicals. Initial training and retraining requirements along with job descriptions and work locations are provided to help you decide. These training courses meet the requirements of the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. Upon completion your supervisor will show you where your department’s hazard assessment certifications and SDS’s are located. You will need your Purdue Career Account login and password to access the training. For questions about Hazard Communication Standard training contact Heath Bentley.
|Links to Training||Awareness|
Initial Training Requirements
|Required when using chemical products per manufacturer’s intended purposes in amounts, extent, duration, and frequency commensurate with consumer use.||
Required when chemical use or exposure is a routine or significant part of the job and does not involve the "laboratory use of hazardous chemicals".*
|Job Descriptions, Work Locations, or Type of Work||
|Links to Training|
* Chemical Hygiene Plan (CHP) Participation and Training
The CHP is required for the laboratory use of hazardous chemicals1. "Laboratory use of hazardous chemicals" means handling or use of such chemicals in which all of the following conditions are met:
- Chemical manipulations are carried out on a laboratory scale2
- Multiple chemical procedures or chemicals are used;
- The procedures involved are not part of a production process3, nor in any way simulate a production process; and
- "Protective laboratory practices and equipment"4 are available and in common use to minimize the potential for employee exposure to hazardous chemicals.
1 Hazardous chemicals means any chemical which is classified as health hazard or simple asphyxiant in accordance with the Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200).
2 Laboratory scale means work with substances in which the containers used for reactions, transfers, and other handling of substances are designed to be easily and safety manipulated by one person. "Laboratory scale" excludes those workplaces whose function is to produce commercial quantities of materials.
3 Production process means mechanical or chemical steps used to create an object, usually repeated to create multiple units of the same item.
4 Protective laboratory practices and equipment includes the use of PPE, eyewashs, safety showers, fume hoods, etc.
Online Secondary Label Training
To better protect workers who handle hazardous chemicals, OSHA has revised the Hazard Communication Standard. Online Secondary Label Training is provided to inform Purdue University employees of the updated OSHA hazard communication regulations and assist with compliance. These rules will bring the United States into alignment with the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).