Research on Visitor Harassment Around the World

Studies and Reports

Compiled By:
Annmarie Nicely, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Purdue University, U.S.A.

May, 2017

*Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Research

Research at Purdue

Journal Articles

  1. Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2017). Mitigating aggressive small trade at tourist destinations through cognitive restructuring. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration. 18 (2), 1-24. DOI:

  2. Nicely, A. (2015). Reversing visitor harassment through deliberate intelligence building strategies. Tourism Culture and Communication Journal. 15 (2), 121-139 (19). DOI:

  3. Nicely, A., Day, J., Sydnor, S. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2015). Sustainably changing small traders’ harassment behaviors - A theoretical framework. Tourism Management. 47, 273-285. DOI:

  4. Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2014). Demystifying visitor harassment? Annals of Tourism Research. 48, 266-269. DOI:

Conference Presentations

  1. Nicely, A. & Armadita, F. (2016). When visitors sympathize with local vendors: Effects and lessons. Consumer Behavior in Tourism Symposium 2016. South Tyrol, Italy.

  2. Mohd Ghazali, R., & Nicely, A. & Gooden, A.D. (2014). Tackling visitor harassment: The effect of local music on craft traders’ service-related emotions. Asia-Pacific Council on Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional Education (CHRIE) Conference, Selangor, Malaysia.

Poster Presentations

  1. Nicely, A., Tang, H, Silva, A., & Armadita, F. (2016). Socio-economic determinants of visitor harassment intensity. College of Health and Human Sciences Fall Research Day 2016, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN, U.S.A.

  2. Armadita, F. & Nicely, A. (2015). Harassment on visitors' behavioral intentions and the role their cultural background play. 2015 Annual International Council on Hotel, Restaurant, and Institutional Education (ICHRIE) Conference, Florida, U.S.A.


  1. Aidan, F. (Spring, 2017). An undergraduate perspective on visitor harassment research at Purdue. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

  2. Nicely, A. (Spring, 2015.) Visitor harassment research report card. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

Research from Other Sources

Journal Articles

  1. Badu-Baiden, F., Adu-Boahen, E. A., & Otoo, F. E. (2016). Tourists’ response to harassment: A study of international tourists to Ghana. Anatolia, 27(4), 468-479. DOI:

  2. Pathirana, D. P. U., & Athula Gnanapala, W. K. (2015). Tourist harassment at cultural sites in Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2, 42-56.

  3. Wen, J., & Yina, L. (2015). The tourist harassment based on the marketing. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 110-113.  10.4236/ajibm.2015.53012

  4. Chepkwony, R. (2013). The magnitude and effects of tourist harassment on repeat visits: A case study of Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa. International Journal of Current Research, 5(10), 2978-2981.

  5. Chepkwony, R., & Kangogo, M. (2013). Nature and factors influencing tourist harassment at coastal beach of Mombasa. International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(11), 17-22.

  6. Rhiney, K. (2012). The Negril tourism industry: Growth, challenges and future prospects. Caribbean Journal of Earth Science, 43, 25-34. URL:

  7. Skipper, T. (2009). Understanding tourist-host interactions and their influence on quality tourism experiences. (Master of Arts), Wilfred Laurier University, Ontario, Canada. DOI:

  8. Kozak, M. (2007). Tourist harassment: A marketing perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(2), 384-399. DOI:

  9. McElroy, J., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment: Review of the literature and destination responses. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1(4), 305-314. DOI:

  10. Ajagunna, I. (2006). Crime and harassment in Jamaica: Consequences for sustainability of the tourism industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18(3), 253-259. DOI:

  11. Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). Tourism and popular perceptions: Mapping Jamaican attitudes. Social and Economic Studies, 51(1), 25-45. DOI: :

  12. de Albuquerque, K., & McElroy, J. L. (2001). Tourist harassment: Barbados survey results. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 477-492. DOI:

  13. Dunn, H. S., & Dunn, L. L. (1994).  Report on visitor harassment and attitudes to tourism and tourists in Negril.

Book & Book Chapter

  1. Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). People and tourism. Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications.

  2. McElroy, J. L., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment and responses. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International.


  1. The Travel Foundation. (2013).  An all inclusive approach to improving livelihoods and reducing tourist hassle. Retrieved from UK:

  2. Griffin, C. (2003). The Caribbean Tourism Integrated Standards Project: Analysis and policy recommendations re harassment of and crime committed by and against tourists in the Caribbean.  Retrieved from San Juan, Puerto Rico.

*Related Research

Research from Other Sources

Harris, L. C. (2012). 'Ripping off' tourists: An empirical evaluation of tourists' perceptions and service worker (mis)behavior. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1070-1093. DOI:

Steel, G. (2012). Local encounters with globetrotters: Tourism’s potential for street vendors in Cusco, Peru. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 601-619. DOI:

COMMENTS: If important scholarly papers and reports on visitor (tourist) harassment are missing above please let us know by emailing Dr. Annmarie Nicely at

CITING THIS PAGE ACCORDING TO APA: Nicely, A. (2017).  Research on visitor harassment around the world: Studies and reports. Visitor Harassment Research Unit @Purdue.    

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