Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Studies, Scholarly Papers, and Reports 2019

Compiled By:
Annmarie Nicely, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Purdue University, U.S.A.

May 2019

2019 List in PDF Format

Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Publications

Journal Articles

Otoo, F. E., Badu-Baiden, F., & Kim, S. (2019). A qualitative cognitive appraisal of tourist harassment. International Journal of Tourism Research, 0(0). DOI:


Alrawadieh, Z., & Alrawadieh, Z. (2019). Developing a typology of tourist harassment in archeological sites: A netnographic approach. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 1-17. DOI:


Alrawadieh, Z., Alrawadieh, Z., & Kozak, M. (2019). Exploring the impact of tourist harassment on destination image, tourist expenditure, and destination loyalty. Tourism Management, 73, 13-20. DOI:


Truong, V. D. (2018). Tourism, poverty alleviation, and the informal economy: The street vendors of Hanoi, Vietnam. Tourism Recreation Research, 43(1), 52-67. DOI:


Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2018). Music and emotion links to visitor harassment: a look at Jamaica. Tourism Review. DOI:


Nicely, A., & Armadita, F. (2018). Type of repeat visitors most sensitive to micro-trader harassment. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-11. DOI:


Chen, N., & Prideaux, B. (2017). Understanding interactions between beggars and international tourists: the case of China AU - Qiao, Guanghui. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(3), 272-283. DOI: 


Collins, M. D., & Jones, D. L. (2017). Exploring the relationship between destination image, aggressive street behavior, and tourist safety. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 26(7), 735-751. DOI:


Nicely, A., & Armadita, F. (2017). Sympathy and loyalty intention after visitor harassment.  International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 12(1), 47-58. DOI:


Nicely, A. & Armadita, F. (2017). How resilient are repeat visitors to trader harassment? Tourism Management Perspectives. 23. DOI:


Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2017). Mitigating aggressive small trade at tourist destinations through cognitive restructuring. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration. 18 (2), 1-24. DOI:


Andriotis, K. (2016). Beggars–tourists' interactions: An unobtrusive typological approach. Tourism Management, 52, 64-73. DOI:


Badu-Baiden, F., Adu-Boahen, E. A., & Otoo, F. E. (2016). Tourists’ response to harassment: A study of international tourists to Ghana. Anatolia, 27(4), 468-479. DOI:


Li, J., & Pearce, P. (2016). Tourist scams in the city: Challenges for domestic travelers in urban China. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 2(4), 294-308. DOI:


Nicely, A., Day, J., Sydnor, S. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2015). Sustainably changing small traders’ harassment behaviors - A theoretical framework. Tourism Management. 47, 273-285. DOI:


Nicely, A. (2015). Reversing visitor harassment through deliberate intelligence building strategies. Tourism Culture and Communication Journal. 15 (2), 121-139 (19). DOI:


Millman, A. (2015). Preserving the cultural identity of a World Heritage Site: The impact of Chichen Itza’s souvenir vendors. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9(3), 241-260. DOI:


Pathirana, D. P. U., & Athula Gnanapala, W. K. (2015). Tourist harassment at cultural sites in Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2, 42-56.


Wen, J., & Yina, L. (2015). The tourist harassment based on the marketing. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 110-113.  10.4236/ajibm.2015.53012


Rathnayake, R., & Wijesundara, W. (2015). Tourist perception on harassment in Sri Lanka (with special reference to Mount Lavinia). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(4).


Khajuria, S., & Khanna, S. (2014). Tourism risks and crimes at pilgrimage destinations - A case of Shri mata Vaishno Devi. International Journal of Event Management Research, 8(1), 77-93.


Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2014). Demystifying visitor harassment? Annals of Tourism Research. 48, 266-269. DOI:


Johnson, L. (2014). Work at the periphery: Issues of tourism sustainability in Jamaica. Culture Bound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, 6, 949-962.


Wu, M.-Y., Wall, G., & Pearce, P. L. (2014). Shopping experiences: International tourists in Beijing's Silk Market. Tourism Management, 41, 96-106. DOI:


Chepkwony, R. (2013). The magnitude and effects of tourist harassment on repeat visits: A case study of Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa. International Journal of Current Research, 5(10), 2978-2981.


Chepkwony, R., & Kangogo, M. (2013). Nature and factors influencing tourist harassment at coastal beach of Mombasa. International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(11), 17-22.


Henthorne, T. L., George, B. P., & Smith, W. C. (2013). Risk perception and buying behavior: An examination of some relationships in the context of cruise tourism in Jamaica. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 14(1), 66-86. DOI:


Blakley, B. D. (2012). From handbills to proposed bills: Suggestions for regulating the Las Vegas "strip" tease.Brigham Young University Law Review, 2012(4), 1297-1330. DOI:


Rhiney, K. (2012). The Negril tourism industry: Growth, challenges and future prospects. Caribbean Journal of Earth Science, 43, 25-34. URL:


Qiu, S.-p., & Chen, N. (2011). Transnational comparative analysis on perception of criminal violation risks in tourism. Journal of Taiyuan Normal University, 10(6), 44-49.


Pearce, P. L. (2011). Tourist scams: Exploring the dimensions of an international tourism phenomenon. European Journal of Tourism Research, 4(2), 147-156. DOI:


Smith, R. A., & Henderson, J. C. (2008). Integrated beach resorts, informal tourism commerce and the 2004 tsunami: Laguna Phuket in Thailand. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(3), 271-282. DOI:


Kozak, M. (2007). Tourist harassment: A marketing perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(2), 384-399. DOI:


McElroy, J., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment: Review of the literature and destination responses. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1(4), 305-314. DOI:


Swanson, K. (2007). Revanchist urbanism heads south: The regulation of indigenous beggars and street vendors in Ecuador. Antipode, 39(4), 708-728. DOI:


Ajagunna, I. (2006). Crime and harassment in Jamaica: Consequences for sustainability of the tourism industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18(3), 253-259. DOI:


Kingsbury, P. (2005). Jamaican tourism and the politics of enjoyment. Geoforum, 36(1), 113-132. DOI:


Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). Tourism and popular perceptions: Mapping Jamaican attitudes. Social and Economic Studies, 51(1), 25-45. DOI: :


Chambers, D., & Airey, D. (2001). Tourism policy in Jamaica: A tale of two governments. Current Issues in Tourism, 4(2-4), 94-120.


de Albuquerque, K., & McElroy, J. L. (2001). Tourist harassment: Barbados survey results. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 477-492. DOI:


Book & Book Chapters

McElroy, J. L., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment and responses. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International.


McElroy, J. (2004). Tourist harassment: Review and survey results. In A. Harriott (Ed.), Understanding crime in Jamaica: New challenges for public policy (pp. 177-195). Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press.


Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). People and tourism. Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications. 



Rahman, N. (2018). International students’ perception of risk and safety when travelling: Case study on students of Dalarna University, Borlange, Sweden. (Masters Master's), Dalarna University.


Kirkesæther, H. M. (2018). To the heart of the wood. Strategies of survival among art vendors in Malawi. UiT Norges arktiske universitet.


Cheng, K.-W. (2015). An analysis of tourism harassment perception and respond: Outbound traveler in Taiwan.


Yueh-Hung, T. (2014). An analysis of tourist harassment perception and coping behavior: International backpackers in Taiwan.


Chang, C.-Y. (2010). A study on tourist harassment perspective from the techniques of neutralization. (Masters), National University Kaohsiung of Hospitality & Tourism Taiwan. Retrieved from


Yi-Fang, T. (2010). Tourist’s perception, experience, and response of tourism harassment.


Skipper, T. (2009). Understanding tourist-host interactions and their influence on quality tourism experiences. (Master of Arts), Wilfred Laurier University, Ontario, Canada. DOI: 



The Travel Foundation. (2013). An all inclusive approach to improving livelihoods and reducing tourist hassle. Retrieved from UK:


Griffin, C. (2003). The Caribbean Tourism Integrated Standards Project: Analysis and policy recommendations re harassment of and crime committed by and against tourists in the Caribbean. Retrieved from San Juan, Puerto Rico.


Newsletter Articles

Aidan, F. (Spring, 2017). An undergraduate perspective on visitor harassment research at Purdue. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A


Nicely, A. (Spring, 2015.) Visitor harassment research report card. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

Visitor (Tourist) Harassment-Related Publications

Journal Articles

Guanghui Qiao, Nan Chen & Bruce Prideaux (2017) Understanding interactions between beggars and international tourists: the case of China, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22:3, 272-283, DOI: 10.1080/10941665.2016.1233891


Kozak, M. (2016). Bargaining behavior and the shopping experiences of British tourists on vacation. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 33(3), 313-325. DOI:


Hall, A. (2012). The response of the tourism industry in Jamaica to crime and the threat of terrorism. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 59-72. DOI:


Cowell, N., McDavid, H., & Saunders, T. (2012). Managing guest security in a high-violence society. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 32-47. DOI:


Harris, L. C. (2012). 'Ripping off' tourists: An empirical evaluation of tourists' perceptions and service worker (mis)behavior. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1070-1093. DOI:


Steel, G. (2012). Local encounters with globetrotters: Tourism’s potential for street vendors in Cusco, Peru. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 601-619. DOI:


Yankholmes, A. K. and Akyeampong, O. A. (2010), Tourists' perceptions of heritage tourism development in Danish‐Osu, Ghana. International Journal of Tourism Research, 12, 603-616. DOI:10.1002/jtr.781


Dwivedi, M. (2009). Online destination image of India: A consumer based perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 21(2), 226-232. DOI:


Kingsbury, P., & Sletto, B. (2005). Critical geographies of the Caribbean and Latin America. Geoforum, 36(1), 13-15. DOI:


Henthorne, T. L., & Miller, M. M. (2003). Cuban tourism in the Caribbean context: A regional impact assessment. Journal of Travel Research, 42(3), 84-93. DOI:


Sambrook, R. A., Kermath, B. M., & Thomas, R. N. (1992). Seaside resort development in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Cultural Geography, 12(2), 65-75.  DOI:


NOTE: Please let us know if important scholarly papers and reports on visitor (tourist) harassment are missing above so that we may include them in next May's listing. Do this by emailing Dr. Annmarie Nicely at

CITING THIS PAGE ACCORDING TO APA: Nicely, A. (2019). Visitor (tourist) harassment studies, scholarly papers and reports 2018. Visitor Harassment Research Unit @Purdue.    

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