Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Studies, Scholarly Papers, and Reports 2018

Prepared By:
Annmarie Nicely, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Purdue University, U.S.A.

May 2018

Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Publications

Journal Articles

Nicely, A., & Armadita, F. (2017). Sympathy and loyalty intention after visitor harassment.  International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 12(1), 47-58. DOI:

Nicely, A. & Armadita, F. (2017). How resilient are repeat visitors to trader harassment? Tourism Management Perspectives. 23. DOI:

Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2017). Mitigating aggressive small trade at tourist destinations through cognitive restructuring. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration. 18 (2), 1-24. DOI:

Andriotis, K. (2016). Beggars–tourists' interactions: An unobtrusive typological approach. Tourism Management, 52, 64-73. DOI:

Badu-Baiden, F., Adu-Boahen, E. A., & Otoo, F. E. (2016). Tourists’ response to harassment: A study of international tourists to Ghana. Anatolia, 27(4), 468-479. DOI:

Nicely, A., Day, J., Sydnor, S. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2015). Sustainably changing small traders’ harassment behaviors - A theoretical framework. Tourism Management. 47, 273-285. DOI:

Nicely, A. (2015). Reversing visitor harassment through deliberate intelligence building strategies. Tourism Culture and Communication Journal. 15 (2), 121-139 (19). DOI:

Ady, M. (2015). Preserving the cultural identity of a World Heritage Site: The impact of Chichen Itza’s souvenir vendors. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9(3), 241-260. DOI:

Pathirana, D. P. U., & Athula Gnanapala, W. K. (2015). Tourist harassment at cultural sites in Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2, 42-56.

Wen, J., & Yina, L. (2015). The tourist harassment based on the marketing. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 110-113.  10.4236/ajibm.2015.53012

Rathnayake, R., & Wijesundara, W. (2015). Tourist perception on harassment in Sri Lanka (with special reference to Mount Lavinia). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(4).

Khajuria, S., & Khanna, S. (2014). Tourism risks and crimes at pilgrimage destinations - A case of Shri mata Vaishno Devi. International Journal of Event Management Research, 8(1), 77-93.

Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2014). Demystifying visitor harassment? Annals of Tourism Research. 48, 266-269. DOI:

Chepkwony, R. (2013). The magnitude and effects of tourist harassment on repeat visits: A case study of Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa. International Journal of Current Research, 5(10), 2978-2981.

Chepkwony, R., & Kangogo, M. (2013). Nature and factors influencing tourist harassment at coastal beach of Mombasa. International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(11), 17-22.

Henthorne, T. L., George, B. P., & Smith, W. C. (2013). Risk perception and buying behavior: An examination of some relationships in the context of cruise tourism in Jamaica. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 14(1), 66-86. DOI:

Rhiney, K. (2012). The Negril tourism industry: Growth, challenges and future prospects. Caribbean Journal of Earth Science, 43, 25-34. URL:

Qiu, S.-p., & Chen, N. (2011). Transnational comparative analysis on perception of criminal violation risks in tourism. Journal of Taiyuan Normal University, 10(6), 44-49.

Smith, R. A., & Henderson, J. C. (2008). Integrated beach resorts, informal tourism commerce and the 2004 tsunami: Laguna Phuket in Thailand. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(3), 271-282. DOI:

Kozak, M. (2007). Tourist harassment: A marketing perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(2), 384-399. DOI:

McElroy, J., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment: Review of the literature and destination responses. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1(4), 305-314. DOI:

Ajagunna, I. (2006). Crime and harassment in Jamaica: Consequences for sustainability of the tourism industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18(3), 253-259. DOI:

Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). Tourism and popular perceptions: Mapping Jamaican attitudes. Social and Economic Studies, 51(1), 25-45. DOI: :

de Albuquerque, K., & McElroy, J. L. (2001). Tourist harassment: Barbados survey results. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 477-492. DOI:

Book & Book Chapter

Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). People and tourism. Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications.

McElroy, J. L., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment and responses. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International.


Skipper, T. (2009). Understanding tourist-host interactions and their influence on quality tourism experiences. (Master of Arts), Wilfred Laurier University, Ontario, Canada. DOI:

Zhang, J. (2010). A study on tourist harassment perspective from the techniques of neutralization. (Masters), National University Kaohsiung of Hospitality & Tourism Taiwan. Retrieved from


The Travel Foundation. (2013). An all inclusive approach to improving livelihoods and reducing tourist hassle. Retrieved from UK:

Griffin, C. (2003). The Caribbean Tourism Integrated Standards Project: Analysis and policy recommendations re harassment of and crime committed by and against tourists in the Caribbean.  Retrieved from San Juan, Puerto Rico.


Aidan, F. (Spring, 2017). An undergraduate perspective on visitor harassment research at Purdue. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

Nicely, A. (Spring, 2015.) Visitor harassment research report card. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

Visitor (Tourist) Harassment-Related Publications

Journal Articles

Kozak, M. (2016). Bargaining behavior and the shopping experiences of British tourists on vacation. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 33(3), 313-325. DOI:

Hall, A. (2012). The response of the tourism industry in Jamaica to crime and the threat of terrorism. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 59-72. DOI:

Cowell, N., McDavid, H., & Saunders, T. (2012). Managing guest security in a high-violence society. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 32-47. DOI:

Harris, L. C. (2012). 'Ripping off' tourists: An empirical evaluation of tourists' perceptions and service worker (mis)behavior. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1070-1093. DOI:

Steel, G. (2012). Local encounters with globetrotters: Tourism’s potential for street vendors in Cusco, Peru. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 601-619. DOI:

Dwivedi, M. (2009). Online destination image of India: A consumer based perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 21(2), 226-232. DOI:

Kingsbury, P., & Sletto, B. (2005). Critical geographies of the Caribbean and Latin America. Geoforum, 36(1), 13-15. DOI:

NOTE: If important scholarly papers and reports on visitor (tourist) harassment are missing above please let us know by emailing Dr. Annmarie Nicely at

CITING THIS PAGE ACCORDING TO APA: Nicely, A. (2018). Visitor (tourist) harassment studies, scholarly papers and reports 2018. Visitor Harassment Research Unit @Purdue.    

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