2020 Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Studies, Scholarly Papers, and Reports

Compiled By:
Annmarie Nicely, PhD
Associate Professor, School of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Purdue University, U.S.A.

May 2020


Visitor (Tourist) Harassment Publications

Journal Articles

Otoo, F. E., Badu-Baiden, F., & Kim, S. (2019). A qualitative cognitive appraisal of tourist harassment. International Journal of Tourism Research, 0(0). DOI:  https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jtr.2274

Alrawadieh, Z., & Alrawadieh, Z. (2019). Developing a typology of tourist harassment in archeological sites: A netnographic approach. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 1-17.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2019.1579825

Alrawadieh, Z., Alrawadieh, Z., & Kozak, M. (2019). Exploring the impact of tourist harassment on destination image, tourist expenditure, and destination loyalty. Tourism Management, 73, 13-20. DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2019.01.015

Truong, V. D. (2018). Tourism, poverty alleviation, and the informal economy: The street vendors of Hanoi, Vietnam. Tourism Recreation Research, 43(1), 52-67. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2017.1370568

Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2018). Music and emotion links to visitor harassment: a look at Jamaica. Tourism Review. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-11-2017-0174

Nicely, A., & Armadita, F. (2018). Type of repeat visitors most sensitive to micro-trader harassment. Current Issues in Tourism, 1-11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13683500.2018.1488820

Stazaker, K., & Mackinnon, J. (2018). Visitor perceptions of captive, endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) used as photo props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco. Anthrozoös, 31(6), 761-776.  DOI: https://doi-org.ezproxy.lib.purdue.edu/10.1080/08927936.2018.1529360

Chen, N., & Prideaux, B. (2017). Understanding interactions between beggars and international tourists: The case of China AU - Qiao, Guanghui. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22(3), 272-283. DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2016.1233891

Collins, M. D., & Jones, D. L. (2017). Exploring the relationship between destination image, aggressive street behavior, and tourist safety. Journal of Hospitality Marketing & Management, 26(7), 735-751.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19368623.2017.1286279

Nicely, A., & Armadita, F. (2017). Sympathy and loyalty intention after visitor harassment.  International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 12(1), 47-58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-07-2017-0076

Nicely, A. & Armadita, F. (2017). How resilient are repeat visitors to trader harassment? Tourism Management Perspectives. 23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2017.02.003

Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2017). Mitigating aggressive small trade at tourist destinations through cognitive restructuring. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration. 18 (2), 1-24. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15256480.2016.1264905

Nyaruwata, S., & Douglas, R. (2017). Visitor perceptions on Zimbabwe as a tourist destination and implications for policy directions. African Journal of Hospitality, Tourism and Leisure, 6(2), 1-8. LINK: http://www.ajhtl.com/uploads/7/1/6/3/7163688/article_26_vol_6__2__2017.pdf

Khairat, G. M. (2016). Investigating the tourists' harassment effect on the destination choice (A case study: Egypt). Journal of Association of Arab Universities for Tourism and Hospitality, 13(1), 91-102. DOI: 10.21608/JAAUTH.2016.49703

Andriotis, K. (2016). Beggars–tourists' interactions: An unobtrusive typological approach. Tourism Management, 52, 64-73. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.06.006

Badu-Baiden, F., Adu-Boahen, E. A., & Otoo, F. E. (2016). Tourists’ response to harassment: A study of international tourists to Ghana. Anatolia, 27(4), 468-479. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13032917.2016.1193817

Li, J., & Pearce, P. (2016). Tourist scams in the city: Challenges for domestic travelers in urban China. International Journal of Tourism Cities, 2(4), 294-308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJTC-09-2016-0024

Sandaruwani, J. A. R. C., & Gnanapala, W. K. A. (2016). The role of tourist guides and their impacts on sustainable tourism development: A critique on Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Change, 3, TOC-62.

Khairat, G. M. (2016). Investigating the tourists' harassment effect on the destination choice (A case study: Egypt). Journal of Association of Arab Universities for Tourism and Hospitality, 13(1), 91-102. DOI: 10.21608/JAAUTH.2016.49703

Nicely, A., Day, J., Sydnor, S. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2015). Sustainably changing small traders’ harassment behaviors - A theoretical framework. Tourism Management. 47, 273-285. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2014.10.002

Nicely, A. (2015). Reversing visitor harassment through deliberate intelligence building strategies. Tourism Culture and Communication Journal. 15(2), 121-139 (19). DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/109830415X14401707765962

Ünguren, E., Arslan, S., & Kacmaz, Y. Y. (2015). The effect of commissioning on tourists as a type of tourist harassment. Akdeniz İ.İ.B.F. Magazine, 15(32), 129-174.

Milman, A. (2015). Preserving the cultural identity of a World Heritage Site: The impact of Chichen Itza’s souvenir vendors. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 9(3), 241-260. DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCTHR-06-2015-0067

Pathirana, D. P. U., & Athula Gnanapala, W. K. (2015). Tourist harassment at cultural sites in Sri Lanka. Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, 2, 42-56.

Wen, J., & Yina, L. (2015). The tourist harassment based on the marketing. American Journal of Industrial and Business Management, 5, 110-113.  10.4236/ajibm.2015.53012

Rathnayake, R., & Wijesundara, W. (2015). Tourist perception on harassment in Sri Lanka (with special reference to Mount Lavinia). International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 5(4). http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0415/ijsrp-p4092.pdf

Khajuria, S., & Khanna, S. (2014). Tourism risks and crimes at pilgrimage destinations - A case of Shri mata Vaishno Devi. International Journal of Event Management Research, 8(1), 77-93. http://www.ijemr.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Khajuria.pdf

Nicely, A. & Mohd Ghazali, R. (2014). Demystifying visitor harassment? Annals of Tourism Research. 48, 266-269. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2014.05.011

Johnson, L. (2014). Work at the periphery: Issues of tourism sustainability in Jamaica. Culture Bound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, 6, 949-962.

Wu, M.-Y., Wall, G., & Pearce, P. L. (2014). Shopping experiences: International tourists in Beijing's Silk Market. Tourism Management, 41, 96-106. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2013.09.010

Chepkwony, R. (2013). The magnitude and effects of tourist harassment on repeat visits: A case study of Kenya's coastal city of Mombasa. International Journal of Current Research, 5(10), 2978-2981.

Chepkwony, R., & Kangogo, M. (2013). Nature and factors influencing tourist harassment at coastal beach of Mombasa. International Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2(11), 17-22.

Henthorne, T. L., George, B. P., & Smith, W. C. (2013). Risk perception and buying behavior: An examination of some relationships in the context of cruise tourism in Jamaica. International Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Administration, 14(1), 66-86. DOI:  https://doi.org/10.1080/15256480.2013.753808

Blakley, B. D. (2012). From handbills to proposed bills: Suggestions for regulating the Las Vegas "strip" tease. Brigham Young University Law Review, 2012(4), 1297-1330. DOI: https://digitalcommons.law.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2680&context=lawreview

Rhiney, K. (2012). The Negril tourism industry: Growth, challenges and future prospects. Caribbean Journal of Earth Science, 43, 25-34. URL: https://www.mona.uwi.edu/geoggeol/JamGeolSoc/CJES%20Web%20page/CJESpdf/CJES%2043-04-RhineyNegril.pdf

Qiu, S.-p., & Chen, N. (2011). Transnational comparative analysis on perception of criminal violation risks in tourism. Journal of Taiyuan Normal University, 10(6), 44-49.

Pearce, P. L. (2011). Tourist scams: Exploring the dimensions of an international tourism phenomenon. European Journal of Tourism Research, 4(2), 147-156. DOI: https://search.proquest.com/openview/1bbfddce1cd1b06139e93a24a3f44041/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=55001

Smith, R. A., & Henderson, J. C. (2008). Integrated beach resorts, informal tourism commerce and the 2004 tsunami: Laguna Phuket in Thailand. International Journal of Tourism Research, 10(3), 271-282. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jtr.659

Kozak, M. (2007). Tourist harassment: A marketing perspective. Annals of Tourism Research, 34(2), 384-399. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2006.10.003

McElroy, J., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment: Review of the literature and destination responses. International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, 1(4), 305-314. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/17506180710824190

Swanson, K. (2007). Revanchist urbanism heads south: The regulation of indigenous beggars and street vendors in Ecuador. Antipode, 39(4), 708-728. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8330.2007.00548.x

Ajagunna, I. (2006). Crime and harassment in Jamaica: Consequences for sustainability of the tourism industry. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 18(3), 253-259. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/09596110610658652

Kingsbury, P. (2005). Jamaican tourism and the politics of enjoyment. Geoforum, 36(1), 113-132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2004.03.012

Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). Tourism and popular perceptions: Mapping Jamaican attitudes. Social and Economic Studies, 51(1), 25-45. DOI:  http://www.jstor.org/stable/27865260

Chambers, D., & Airey, D. (2001). Tourism policy in Jamaica: A tale of two governments. Current Issues in Tourism, 4(2-4), 94-120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13683500108667884

de Albuquerque, K., & McElroy, J. L. (2001). Tourist harassment: Barbados survey results. Annals of Tourism Research, 28(2), 477-492. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(00)00057-8

Book & Book Chapters

Nicely, A., & Morrison, K. G. (2019). Economic impact of visitor (trader) harassment on tourist destinations and what tourism leaders can do about it. In D. Gursoy & R. Nunkoo (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of tourism impacts: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 168). New York, NY: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group.

Cleare, A. (2016). Tourism awareness. Business of travel and tourism in the 21st century: A Caribbean approach (pp. 295-304): Lulu Publishing Services.

McElroy, J. L., Tarlow, P., & Carlisle, K. (2007). Tourist harassment and responses. Oxfordshire, UK: CAB International.

McElroy, J. (2004). Tourist harassment: Review and survey results. In A. Harriott (Ed.), Understanding crime in Jamaica: New challenges for public policy (pp. 177-195). Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press.

Dunn, H., & Dunn, L. (2002). People and tourism. Kingston, Jamaica: Arawak Publications.


Theses & Dissertations

Rahman, N. (2018). International students’ perception of risk and safety when travelling: Case study on students of Dalarna University, Borlange, Sweden. (Masters Master's), Dalarna University. 

Kirkesæther, H. M. (2018). To the heart of the wood. Strategies of survival among art vendors in Malawi. UiT Norges arktiske universitet.  

Cheng, K.-W. (2015). An analysis of tourism harassment perception and respond: Outbound traveler in Taiwan.  

Yueh-Hung, T. (2014). An analysis of tourist harassment perception and coping behavior: International backpackers in Taiwan.   

Jarvis, T. (2013). Sustainable tourism in Sri Lanka: A comparative study of beach tourist hassle. (Master's of Arts in Professional Practice Master's), University of Worcester.  

Chang, C.-Y. (2010). A study on tourist harassment perspective from the techniques of neutralization. (Master's), National University Kaohsiung of Hospitality & Tourism Taiwan. Retrieved from http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=U0018-2807201014413600

Yi-Fang, T. (2010). Tourist’s perception, experience, and response of tourism harassment.   

Skipper, T. (2009). Understanding tourist-host interactions and their influence on quality tourism experiences. (Master of Arts), Wilfred Laurier University, Ontario, Canada. DOI: http://scholars.wlu.ca/etd/949


Other Scholarly Papers

Nicely, A., & Selvia, A. (2019). Socioeconomic predictors of visitor harassment: Why knowing vendor migration patterns is important. Visitor Harassment Research Unit Working Paper Series. School of Hospitality & Tourism Management. Purdue University. West Lafayette, Indiana.  https://docs.lib.purdue.edu/htmvh/1



The Travel Foundation. (2013). An all-inclusive approach to improving livelihoods and reducing tourist hassle. Retrieved from UK: http://www.thetravelfoundation.org.uk/green_business_tools/reducing_tourist_hassle

Griffin, C. (2003). The Caribbean Tourism Integrated Standards Project: Analysis and policy recommendations re harassment of and crime committed by and against tourists in the Caribbean.  Retrieved from San Juan, Puerto Rico.


Newsletter Articles

Aidan, F. (Spring, 2017). An undergraduate perspective on visitor harassment research at Purdue. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A

Nicely, A. (Spring, 2015.) Visitor harassment research report card. The Boilerplate. The School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Purdue University. West Lafayette IN, U.S.A https://www.purdue.edu/hhs/htm/research/visitor-harassment-research-unit/documents/Visitor%20Harassment%20Boilerplate%20article%2020151.pdf


Visitor (Tourist) Harassment-Related Publications

Journal Articles

Guanghui Qiao, Nan Chen & Bruce Prideaux (2017) Understanding interactions between beggars and international tourists: the case of China, Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 22:3, 272-283, DOI: 10.1080/10941665.2016.1233891

Kozak, M. (2016). Bargaining behavior and the shopping experiences of British tourists on vacation. Journal of Travel & Tourism Marketing, 33(3), 313-325. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10548408.2015.1051199

Hall, A. (2012). The response of the tourism industry in Jamaica to crime and the threat of terrorism. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 59-72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/17554211211198598

Cowell, N., McDavid, H., & Saunders, T. (2012). Managing guest security in a high-violence society. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 4(1), 32-47. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/17554211211198570

Harris, L. C. (2012). 'Ripping off' tourists: An empirical evaluation of tourists' perceptions and service worker (mis)behavior. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 1070-1093. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.12.002

Steel, G. (2012). Local encounters with globetrotters: Tourism’s potential for street vendors in Cusco, Peru. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 601-619. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2011.08.002

Yankholmes, A. K. and Akyeampong, O. A. (2010), Tourists' perceptions of heritage tourism development in Danish‐Osu, Ghana. International Journal of Tourism Research, 12, 603-616. DOI:10.1002/jtr.781

Dwivedi, M. (2009). Online destination image of India: A consumer based perspective. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 21(2), 226-232. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/09596110910935714

Kingsbury, P., & Sletto, B. (2005). Critical geographies of the Caribbean and Latin America. Geoforum, 36(1), 13-15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2004.05.003

Henthorne, T. L., & Miller, M. M. (2003). Cuban tourism in the Caribbean context: A regional impact assessment. Journal of Travel Research, 42(3), 84-93. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287503253935

Sambrook, R. A., Kermath, B. M., & Thomas, R. N. (1992). Seaside resort development in the Dominican Republic. Journal of Cultural Geography, 12(2), 65-75.  DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/08873639209478410

Weaver, D. B. (1995). Alternative tourism in Montserrat. Tourism Management, 16(8), 593-604. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0261-5177(95)00082-8

NOTE: Please notify us on important scholarly papers and reports missing from the above list so that we may include them in next May's listing. Do this by emailing Dr. Annmarie Nicely at ajnicely@purdue.edu.

CITING THIS PAGE ACCORDING TO APA: Nicely, A. (2020). 2020 Visitor (tourist) harassment studies, scholarly papers and reports 2018. Visitor Harassment Research Unit @Purdue.    

Copyright © 2020 Visitor Harassment Research Unit @ Purdue, School of Hospitality & Tourism Management, Purdue University, West Lafayette IN, U.S.A. All Rights Reserved.

Hospitality & Tourism Management, 900 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, PH:(765) 494-4643, Fax: (765) 494-0327

2020 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Hospitality & Tourism Management

If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Purdue Marketing and Media at marketing@purdue.edu.