Ziziphus mauritania – Famine Foods

Ziziphus mauritania


Burkina Faso (Bourzanga, Bam Province): fruit eaten. The dryish pulp is softened [in water?] is used to make a beverage. India (Rajasthan): the sweet and somewhat acidic fruits of this tree are processed as for Ziziphus nummularia. The fruit are somewhat larger, about 1.5cm. in diameter, and are sometimes eaten fresh; (Garhwal Himalayas): fruit eaten raw. Malawi: fruit eaten. Mozambique (Tambara district): fresh, ripe fruits are boiled in water and then sieved. The liquid is further boiled and maize [Zea mays L.] meal is added to make a porridge. Dried fruits are also crushed and mixed with maize meal [Zea mays] to make a porridge. Nigeria (Kano State, northern): fruit eaten. Cakes are made from the dried, fermented pulp, in Nigeria.   NIger (Niamey): leaves used primarily as condiment and in soups. High values for linoleic acid, calcium, magnesium and zinc. Nutrient composition of a Nigerian fruit sample: Mineral values in mg./100g Protein value expressed on a 100% dry basis. Magariya Ca = 499 P = 144 Mg = 49.68 Cu = 0.22
Mn = 0.22 Zn = 1.14 Fe = 0.60 Protein = 2.31

Additional Information

Name Authority:
(India) - Rajasthan (Jaisalmer district): Bar-bor. Rajasthan (western): Bor, Bér. Mozambique (Manyika/Shona): Musawu. Nigeria (Hausa): magarya. Fermented pulp cakes: Tuwon magarya. Beverage: K’walk’wando.Niger(Hausa):magaria.Nigeria (Hausa/Fulani): Magariya
Chemical composition (Mozambique sample - fruit pulp): Moisture = 81.6%[/100g?]. Protein = 0.8%[/100g?]. Fat = 0.3%[/100g?]. Carbohydrate = 17%[/100g?]. Thiamine = 0.02%[/100g?]. Riboflavin = 0.02%[/100g?]. Niacin = 0.7%[/100g?]. Vitamin C = 76mg/100g. The fruit [pulp] contains quercetin, a flavonoid.

Location Map

This site is provided to Mr. Freedman by Dr. Jules Janick, Emeritus Professor and Former James Troop Distinguished Professor of Horticulture. The content on this site is provided and maintained by Mr. Freedman.