Cenchrus biflorus – Famine Foods

Cenchrus biflorus


India (Rajasthan, western): seeds eaten mixed with Bajra (millet) for bread making. Seeds used for making bread, especially in Marwar. Seeds also eaten raw. Sudan (Kordofan, Darfur): seeds removed from husks by rubbing spikes between two pieces of leather. Seeds are pounded and eaten raw or made into porridge. They can also be mixed with other foods. A thin bread (Kisra) is also made from the seeds. Nigeria (Kano State, northern): seeds eaten. Rare in northern Kano  Niger (southeastern): seeds eaten.

Partial nutrient data (Niger sample)): Mn = 12.97mcgg/g Fe = 95.01mcg’/g Ca = 224mcg/g Mg = 638mcg/g Cu = 5.79mcg/g
Z’n = 48.73mcg/g

Additional Information

Name Authority:
India: Bhurat /Bhurut. Sudan: Haskaneet/'Askanit. Nigeria (Hausa): Karangiya. Kanuri: Ngibbi. Niger (Hausa): karengiya.
Soil types favored by plant: sand dunes, sandy plains. Chemical composition (Sudan sample): Sulphur = 0.20% (dry). Potassium = 0.18% - Magnesium = 0.7% (dry). Calcium = 0.07% (dry). Na = 0.01% (dry). K = 0.17% (dry). Zinc = 52mg/kg-1 (dry). Iron = 71mg/kg-1 (dry). Manganese = 22mg/kg-1 (dry). Copper = 5mg/kg-1 (dry). Aluminum = 124mg/kg-1 (dry). Fatty acids (saturated): 14:0 = <0.1g/100g-1. 16:0 = 23.8. 18:0 = 4.0. 22:0 = <0.1g/100g-1. 24:0 = <0.1g/100g-1; (monosaturated): 16:1 = 3.0. 18:1 = 30.2. 20.1 = <0.1g/100g-1; (polyunsaturated): 18.2 = 35.7. 18:3 = 1.9.

Location Map

This site is provided to Mr. Freedman by Dr. Jules Janick, Emeritus Professor and Former James Troop Distinguished Professor of Horticulture. The content on this site is provided and maintained by Mr. Freedman.