Borassus ethiopium – Famine Foods

Borassus ethiopium


Chad (central), Sudan (central and south, especially southern Darfur and southern Kordofan): fruit (drupe) eaten by sucking the juicy fibres. It is described as tasting acid and bitter. The hypocotyl, which appears about two months after the seeds are sown, is harvested, being very starchy, and is considered of great value in times of famine.

Additional Information

Name Authority:
Arabic: Delep<, Daleib, Ron. English: African Fan Palm
Chemical composition: Protein (crude) = 2.8% (dry). Fat = 0.5% (dry). Ash (insoluble) = 3.5% (dry). Fibre (crude) = 16.8% (dry). Amino acids (g [16g N]-1): Aspartic acid = 9.3g. Threonine = 3.6g. Serine = 3.9g. Glutamic acid = 8.9g. Proline = 5.0g. Glycine = 5.0g. Alanine = 5.0g. Valine = 5.0g. Cysteine = 0.1g. Methionine = 1.2g. Isoleucine = 3.6g. Leucine = 6.1g. Tyrosine = 2.8g. Phenylalanine = 3.6g. Lysine = 3.9g. Histidine = 2.1g. Arginine = 2.4g. Minerals: Sulphur = 0.04% (dry). Potassium = 0.09% (dry). Magnesium = 0.10% (dry). Calcium = 0.08% (dry). Na = 0.01% (dry). Zinc = 4mg/kg (dry). Iron = 488mg/kg (dry). Manganese = 8mg/kg (dry). Copper = 2mg/kg (dry).

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