Amaranthus gangeticus – Famine Foods

Amaranthus gangeticus

Synonym(s):
 Amaranthus tristis

Uses

India (Ajmir-Merwara): fruits [sic] eaten; (Bhartpur): stems eaten; leaves boiled in water, and mixed with salt and chili powder. Also cultivated as a pot-herb throughout India and sold in bazaars year-round. China: stems and leaves eaten.

Additional Information

Name Authority:
 L; Wall.
Vernaculars:
Hindi: Lal-sag. Bengali: Dengo, Dengua-sag; Ranga-sag; [red variety]: Konkarung sag; [green variety]: Notiya sag, Notay sag. Assam: Ranga sak Santal: Arak, Gandhari. Uttar Pradesh: Lal sag, Chulai. Rajasthani: Lalru, Chalai, Chaulai. Punjabi: Bathua. Baglan, Nasik district, Bombay Presidency: Math, Mathla. Pimpalner, Khandesh district, Bombay Presidency: Gotala matala. Sangamner, Ahmednagar district, Bombay Presidency: Ran math. Indi, Bijapur district: Harawi
Misc:
Chemical composition (Chinese sample): Protein = 3.5%. Fat = 0.24%. Carbohydrate = 6.6%. Reported rich in Vitamin A, with moderate amounts of Vitamins B1 and C. Chemical composition (after Hooper) (Green variety, April [Indian sample]): Water = 90.6% (fresh). Fat = 4.30% (dry). Albumenoids = 27.61% (dry). Fibre = 7.85% (dry). Ash = 23.98% (dry). Carbohydrates = 36.26% (dry). Nitrogen = 4.42% (dry). Phosphoric acid = 1.47% (dry). Silicates = 2.58% (dry). (Green variety, November): Water = 82.60% (fresh). Fat = 4.50% (dry). Albumenoids = 25.72% (dry). Carbohydrates = 36.84% (dry). Fibre = 11.89% (dry). Ash = 21.05% (dry). Nitrogen = 4.12% (dry). Phosphoric acid = 1.35% (dry). Silicates = 2.20%. (Red variety, April): Water (fresh) = 91.0%. Fat = 5.34% (dry). Albumenoids = 25.46% (dry). Carbohydrates = 34.71% (dry). Fibre = 6.96% (dry). Ash = 27. (dry). Nitrogen = 4.07% (dry). Phosphoric acid = 1.56% (dry). Silicates =1.97% (dry). (Red variety, November): Water = 84.5% (fresh). Fat = 3.77% (dry). Albumenoids = 24.75% (dry). Carbohydrates = 37.90% (dry). Fibre = 11.55% (dry). Ash = 22.03% (dry). Nitrogen = 3.96% (dry). Phosphoric acid = 1.53% (dry). Silicates = 1.57% (dry)

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