Publications – Dr. Patton Lab


Please feel free to also checkout our lists of publications written specifically for homeowners and turf professionals 


  • Bearss, R.C., A.J. Patton, J.T. Brosnan, and G.K. Breeden. 2021. Postemergence smooth crabgrass control is not influenced by trinexapac-ethyl. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi:10.1002/cft2.20082 (In press)
  • Schortgen, G.P.  and A.J. Patton. 2021. The influence of hard water on 2,4-D formulations for the control of dandelion. Weed Technol. (In press)
  • Powlen, J., C.A. Bigelow, A.J. Patton, Y. Jiang, and M. Fraser. 2021. Minimal irrigation requirements of various Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue blends in the transition zone. Crop Sci. (In press)
  • Patton, A.J., R.C. Braun. 2021. Measurement of turf height and growth using a laser distance device. Crop Sci. (In press).
  • Brown, J.M., X. Yu, H.M.P. Holloway, T.D. Tuong, B.M. Schwartz, A.J. Patton, C. Arellano, D.P. Livingston,  and S.R. Milla-Lewis. 2021. Identification of QTL associated with cold acclimation and freezing tolerance in Zoysia japonica. Crop Sci. (In press).
  • Brown, J.M., H. McCamy P. Holloway, M. DaCosta, R.P. Bernstein, J. Lu, T.D. Tuong, A.J. Patton, C. Arellano, D.P. Livingston, and S.R. Milla-Lewis. 2021. Differences in proteome response to cold acclimation in Zoysia japonica cultivars with different levels of freeze tolerance. Crop Sci. 60:2744–2756.


  • Barnes, M.R., K.C. Nelson, A. Kowalewski, A.J. Patton, and E. Watkins. 2020. Public land manager discourse on barriers and opportunities for a transition to low-input turfgrass in urban areas. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 53:126745.
  • Braun, R.C., A.J. Patton, A. Kowalewski, and E.T. Braithwaite. 2020. Establishment of low-input turfgrass patch and repair mixtures: mulch and starter fertilizer effects. Crop Sci. 60:3362–3376.
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, W. Liu. 2020. Efficacy of triclopyr and synthetic auxin herbicide mixtures for common blue violet control. Weed Technol. 34:475-481.
  • Brosnan, J.T., G.K. Breeden, J.M. Zobel, A.J. Patton, and Q.D. Law. 2020. Non-chemical annual bluegrass (Poa annua) management in zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) via fraise mowing. Weed Technol. 34:482-488.
  • Braun, R.C., A.J. Patton, E. Watkins, P. Koch, N.P. Anderson, S.A. Bonos, and L.A. Brilman. 2020. Fine fescues: A review of the species, their improvement, production, establishment, and management. Crop Sci. 60:1142–1187.
  • Patton, A.J., R.C. Braun, G.P. Schortgen, and J.A. Hoyle. 2020. Irrigation volume following fall Proxy (ethephon) application affects spring seedhead suppression of ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass. Crop Forage Turf Manage. 2020:6:e20023.
  • Reicher, Z.J., A.J. Patton, M.D. Sousek, W.C. Kreuser, J.C. Inguagiato S.D. Askew, A. Hathaway, T.A. Nikolai, A. Van Dyke, A. Kowalewski, and B. McDonald. 2020. A late fall Proxy (ethephon) application prior to spring sequential applications improves annual bluegrass seedhead suppression. Crop Forage Turf Manage.
  • Schortgen, G.P. and A.J. Patton. 2020. Weed control from 2,4-D dimethylamine is dependent on mixture water hardness and adjuvant inclusion but not spray solution storage time. Weed Technol. 34:107-116.


  • Yue, C., J. Wang, E. Watkins, Y. Xie, S. Shekhar, S. Bonos, A.J. Patton, K. Morris, and K. Moncada. 2019. User preferences for accessing publicly available turfgrass cultivar performance data. HortTechnology 29: 599–610.
  • Patton, A.J., R.C. Braun, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2019. Single applications of natural postemergence weed control options do not provide effective ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea) control. Crop, Forage, and Turf Management 5(1):180101 doi:10.2134/cftm2018.12.0101
  • Elmore, M.T., A.J. Patton, D. P. Tuck, J.A. Murphy, and J. Carleo. 2019. False-green kyllinga (Kyllinga gracillima) control in cool-season turfgrass. Weed Technol. 33:329-334
  • Patton, A.J., R.C. Braun, G.P. Schortgen, D.V. Weisenberger, Branham, B.E., Sharp, W., Sousek, M.D., Gaussoin, R.E., and Z.J. Reicher. 2019. Long-term efficacy of Poa annua control strategies on golf course putting greens. Crop Forage Turf Manage. 5:180068. doi:10.2134/cftm2018.09.0068


  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, G.P. Schortgen, J.C. Fausey, and J.M. Breuninger. 2018. Performance of postemergence broadleaf herbicides applied with novel lawn care application equipment. Crop Forage Turf Manage. 4:180039. doi:10.2134/cftm2018.06.0039
  • Patton, A.J., G.P. Schortgen, J.A Hoyle, M.S. Harrell, and Z.J. Reicher. 2018. Fall applications of proxy (ethephon) suppress spring seedheads of ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi:10.2134/cftm2018.03.0012
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, and G.P. Schortgen. 2018. 2,4-D resistant buckhorn plantain (Plantago lanceolata) in managed turf. Weed Technol. 32:182-189.
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, and J.M. Breuninger. 2018. A growing degree day model is effective to schedule spring Defendor (florasulam) applications for suppressing dandelion flowers. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi:10.2134/cftm2017.12.0088


  • Holloway, H.M.P., X. Yu, J.C. Dunne, B.M. Schwartz, A.J. Patton, C. Arellano, and S.R. Milla-Lewis. 2017. A SNP-based high density linkage map of zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica Steud.) and its use for the identification of QTL associated with winter hardiness. Molecular Breeding. 38:10.
  • Pompeiano, A., and A.J. Patton. 2017. Zoysiagrass growth and root architecture responses to changes in fertilizer nitrate:urea ratio. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science. doi: 10.1002/jpln.201600401.
  • Law, Q.D. and A.J. Patton. 2017. Biogeochemical cycling of carbon and nitrogen in cool-season turfgrass systems. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening. 26:158-162. doi:10.1016/j.ufug.2017.06.001
  • Patton, A.J., J.M. Trappe, M.C. Doroh, and J.S. McElroy. 2017. Evaluation of herbicides and their tank-mixes for suppression of bermudagrass in zoysiagrass. International Turfgrass Research Journal 13:716-722.
  • Patton, A.J., L.L. Beck, D.V. Weisenberger, J.T. Brosnan, and G.K. Breeden. 2017. Evaluation of herbicides for ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea) control at two application timings. International Turfgrass Research Journal 13:692-697.
  • Patton, A.J., B.M. Schwartz, and K.E. Kenworthy. 2017. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) history, utilization, and improvement in the United States: A Review. Crop Science. 57:S-37–S-72. doi:10.2135/cropsci2017.02.0074 – Invited Review
  • Moore, K.A., A.J. Patton, B.M. Schwartz, M.C. Zuleta, G. Aranaz and S.R. Milla-Lewis. 2017. SSR allelic diversity shifts in zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.) cultivars released from 1910 to 2016. Crop Sci. 57:S-1–S-12. doi: 10.2135/cropsci2016.06.0452
  • Law, Q.D. , J.M. Trappe, Y. Jiang, R.F. Turco, and A.J. Patton. 2017. Turfgrass selection and grass clippings management influence soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics. Agronomy Journal. 109:1719–1725. doi:10.2134/agronj2016.05.0307
  • Patton, A.J. and D.V. Weisenberger. 2017. Suppressing zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica) in cool-season turf with topramezone. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi:10.2134/cftm2016.07.0052


  • Law, Q.D., C.A. Bigelow, and A.J. Patton. 2016. Selecting turfgrasses and mowing practices that reduce mowing requirements. Crop Sci. 56:3318-3327.
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, and W.G. Johnson. Divalent cations in spray water influence 2,4-D efficacy on dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and broadleaf plantain (Plantago major). Weed Technol. 30:431-440.
  • Patton, A.J., J.M. Trappe, D.E. Karcher, and M.D. Richardson. 2016. Impact of golfer divots on golf course maintenance. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi: 10.2134/cftm2015.0154.


  • Strunk, W.D. M.D. Richardson, J. Young, D. Karcher, and A.J. Patton. 2015. Golf Shot Performance Characteristics Influenced by Ball Lie. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi:10.2134/cftm2015.0136.
  • Reicher, Z.J., M. Sousek, A.J. Patton, D.V. Weisenberger, A. Hathaway, and R. Calhoun. 2015. Annual bluegrass control on putting greens from three or more years of season-long applications of herbicide or plant growth regulators. Crop Forage Turf Manage. doi: 10.2134/cftm2014.0050
  • Beck, L.L., A.J. Patton, Q.D. Law, D.V. Weisenberger, J.T. Brosnan, J.J. Vargas Almodóvar, and G.K. Breeden, and D. Kopsell. 2015. Mesotrione activity on crabgrass (Digitaria spp.) as influenced by nitrogen fertilization rate, source, and timing. Weed Technol. 29:263-273.


  • Harris-Shultz, K.R., S. Milla-Lewis, A.J. Patton, K. Kenworthy, A. Chandra, and F.C. Waltz. 2014. Detection of DNA and ploidy variation within vegetatively propagated zoysiagrass cultivars. J. Amer. Soc. Horticultural Sci. 139:547-552
  • Beck, L.L., A.J. Patton, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2014. Mowing before or after an herbicide application does not influence ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea) control. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.2134/ATS-2013-0017-RS.
  • Sousek, M.D., R.E. Gaussoin, A.J. Patton, D.V. Weisenberger, and Z.J. Reicher. 2014. Weed control and turf safety of single and sequential applications of herbicides over spring seedings. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.2134/ATS-2013-0046-RS.


  • Patton, A.J., G.E. Ruhl, T.C. Creswell, P. Wan, D. Scott, J. Becovitz, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2013. Potential damage to sensitive landscape plants from wood chips of aminocyclopyrachlor damaged trees. Weed Technol. 27:803-809.
  • Brosnan, J.T., G.K. Breeden, A.J. Patton, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2013. Triclopyr reduces smooth crabgrass bleaching with topramezone. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2013-0038-BR.
  • Elmore, M.T., J.T. Brosnan, G.K. Breeden, and A.J. Patton. 2013. Mesotrione, topramezone and amicarbazone combinations for postemergence annual bluegrass (Poa annua) control. Weed Technol. 27:596-603.
  • Law, Q.D., M.A. Jones, A.J. Patton, and N.E. Christians. 2013. Influence of an amino acid complex on the growth of Agrostis stolonifera L. cv. Penncross. International Turfgrass Research Journal 12:485-489
  • Trappe, J.M., and A.J. Patton. 2013. Evaluating two zoysiagrass cultivars in separate field trials for their preference of nitrogen source. International Turfgrass Res. J. 12: 575-580.
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, J.T. Brosnan, and G.K. Breeden. 2013. Safety of labeled herbicides for broadleaf weed control in creeping bentgrass putting greens. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2013-0523-01-BR.


  • Brosnan, J.T., G.K. Breeden, M.T. Elmore, A.J. Patton, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2012. Zoysiagrass seedhead suppression with imidazolinone herbicides. Weed Technol. 26:708-713.
  • Proctor, C.A., M.D. Sousek, A.J. Patton, D.V. Weisenberger, and Z.J. Reicher. 2012. Combining preemergence herbicides in tank-mixes or as sequential applications provides season-long crabgrass control. HortScience 47(8):1159-1162.
  • Jellicorse, W.R., M.D. Richardson, J.H. McCalla, D.E. Karcher, A.J. Patton, and J.W. Boyd. 2012. Seeded bermudagrass establishment in an overseeded perennial ryegrass stand as affected by transition herbicide and seeding date. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2012-0721-01-RS.
  • Kowalewski, A.R., B.M. Schwartz, M.D. Richardson, D.E. Karcher, A.J. Patton, J.H. McCalla and W.W. Hanna. 2012. Effects of nitrogen, growth regulators and mowing height on ball lie in TifSport bermudagrass. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2012-0625-01-RS.
  • Reicher, Z.J., A.J. Patton, and D.V. Weisenberger. 2012. Suppression of field paspalum in Kentucky bluegrass with mesotrione. [Online]. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2012-0626-01-RS.
  • Trappe, J.M., A.J. Patton, and M.D. Richardson. 2012. Species selection, pre-plant cultivation, and traffic affect overseeding establishment in bermudagrass turf. Agron. J. 104:1130-1135.


  • Trappe, J.M., A.J. Patton, and M.D. Richardson. 2011. Bermudagrass cultivars differ in their summer traffic tolerance and ability to maintain green turf coverage under fall traffic. [Online]. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2011-0926-01-RS.
  • Trappe, J.M., D.E. Karcher, M.D. Richardson, and A.J. Patton. 2011. Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass cultivar selection: Part 1, clipping yield, scalping tendency, and golf ball lie. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2011-0630-01-RS.
  • Trappe, J.M., D.E. Karcher, M.D. Richardson, and A.J. Patton. 2011. Bermudagrass and zoysiagrass cultivar selection: Part 2, divot recovery.  Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2011-0630-02-RS.
  • Trappe, J.M., D.E. Karcher, M.D. Richardson, and A.J. Patton. 2011. Divot resistance varies among bermudagrass and zoysiagrass cultivars. Crop Sci. 51:1793-1799.
  • Trappe, J.M., D.E. Karcher, M.D. Richardson, and A.J. Patton. 2011. Shade and traffic tolerance varies for bermudagrass and zoysiagrass cultivars. Crop Sci. 51: 870-877.


  • Patton, A.J., J.M. Trappe, R.E. Strahan, and J.S. Beasley. 2010. Sulfonylurea herbicide safety on sprigged bermudagrass and seashore paspalum. Weed Tech. 24:342-348.
  • Richardson, M.D., D.E. Karcher, A.J. Patton, and J.H. McCalla. 2010. Measurement of golf ball lie in various turfgrasses using digital image analysis. Crop Sci. 50:730-736.
  • Patton, A.J., J.M. Trappe, and M.D. Richardson. 2010. Cover technology influences warm-season grass establishment from seed. HortTechnology 20(1):153-159.


  • Patton, A.J. 2009. Selecting zoysiagrass cultivars: turfgrass quality, growth, test and environmental stress tolerance. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2009-1019-01-MG.
  • Patton, A.J., J.M. Trappe, M.D. Richardson, and E. Nelson. 2009. Herbicide tolerance in ‘Sea Spray’ seashore paspalum seedlings. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2009-0720-01-RS.
  • Summerford, J.A., D.E. Karcher, M.D. Richardson, A.J. Patton, J.W. Boyd. 2009. Cultural practice effects on the spring transition of overseeded meadow fescue and tetraploid perennial ryegrass sports fields. International Turfgrass Research Journal 11:501-510.


  • Patton, A.J., M.D. Richardson, D.E. Karcher, J.W. Boyd, Z.J. Reicher, J.D. Fry, J.S. McElroy, and G.C. Munshaw. 2008. A guide to establishing seeded bermudagrass in the transition zone. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2008-0122-01-MD.
  • McCalla, J., M.D. Richardson, D.E. Karcher, J. Landreth, and A.J. Patton. 2008. Sod production using an improved seeded bermudagrass cultivar. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2008-0118-01-RS.


  • Patton, A.J., S.M. Cunningham, J.J. Volenec, and Z. J. Reicher. 2007. Differences in freeze tolerance of zoysiagrasses. II. Carbohydrates and proline. Crop Sci. 47:2170-2181.
  • Patton, A.J., S.M. Cunningham, J.J. Volenec, and Z. J. Reicher. 2007. Differences in freeze tolerance of zoysiagrasses. I. Role of proteins. Crop Sci. 47:2162-2169.
  • Patton, A.J., and Z. J. Reicher. 2007. Zoysiagrass species and genotypes differ in their winter injury and freeze tolerance. Crop Sci. 47: 1619-1627.
  • Patton, A.J., J.J. Volenec, and Z. J. Reicher. 2007. Stolon growth and dry matter partitioning explains differences in zoysiagrass establishment rates. Crop Sci. 47:1237-1245.
  • Patton, A.J., D.V. Weisenberger, G.A. Hardebeck, and Z. J. Reicher. 2007. Safety of herbicides on ‘Zenith’ zoysiagrass seedlings. Weed Tech. 21(1):145-150.


  • Patton, A.J., Z.J. Reicher, A.J. Zuk, J.D. Fry, M.D. Richardson, and D.W. Williams. 2006. A guide to establishing seeded zoysiagrass in the transition zone. Appl. Turfgrass Sci. doi:10.1094/ATS-2006-1004-01-MG.


  • Patton, A.J., G.A. Hardebeck, D.W. Williams, and Z. J. Reicher. 2004. Establishment of bermudagrass and zoysiagrass by seed. Crop Sci. 44:2160-2167.
  • Patton, A.J., D.W. Williams, and Z.J. Reicher. 2004. Renovating golf course fairways with zoysiagrass seed. HortScience 39:1483-1486.


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