Xanthium strumarium – Famine Foods

Xanthium strumarium


China: seeds ground into flour and baked into cakes. Young leafy shoots thoroughly boiled and washed to remove bitter element, possibly tannin, as the plant is an active styptic. Manchuria: leaves eaten.

Additional Information

Name Authority:
Chemical composition (seeds): Protein = 36.7%. Fat = 38.6%. Ash = 5.18%. A glucoside: xanthostrumarium. Some Vitamin C. High amino acid values: Glutamic acid = 2.48g per 16g of nitrogen. Phenylalanine = 5.8g per 16g of nitrogen. Plant reported to be injurious at all stages of growth, and to act toxically on the heart.

 Plant Classification Group:
 Plant Locations:

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