Hyphaene thebaica – Famine Foods

Hyphaene thebaica

Uses

Sudan (western): kernels crushed and mixed with porridge. Chad (central) : fruit eaten. Nigeria (Kano State, northern): fruit rind eaten, especially in arid zone.

Additional Information

Name Authority:
Mart.
Vernaculars:
Arabic: Na, Dom<, Doum, Doum Palm. Hausa: Goriba. Kanuri: Karjim. English: Gingerbread Palm
Misc:
Chemical composition (per 100g )(leaves): Protein = 2.3g. Fat = 0.4g. Calcium = 210mg. Kcal = 43; (nut, dried): Protein = 3.9g. Fat = 6.4g. Calcium = 144mg. Kcal = 395; (flour): Protein = 2.6g. Fat = 0.4g. Calcium = 68mg. Iron = 20mg. Vitamin B1 = .05mg. Vitamin B2 = .10mg. Niacin = 3.4mg. Kcal = 296; (nut, green: outer, edible portion): Protein = 1.4%. Fat - 0.1%. Carbohydrate = 13.6%. Fibre (crude) = 5.4%. Ash = 1.5%. CaO = 0.05%. P2O5 = 0.13%. Moisture = 78.0%. Kcal = 62; (nut, green: kernels and fluid): Protein = 1.9%. Fat = 0.2%. Carbohydrate = 19.8%. Fibre (crude) = 1.4%. Ash = 0.7%. CaO = 0.07%. P2O5 = 0.03%. Moisture = 76.0%. Kcal = 91; (nut, mature; edible portion): Protein = 2.8%. Fat = 0.4%. Carbohydrate = 74.7%. Fibre (crude) = 11.0%. Ash = 5.4%. CaO = 0.17%. P205 = 0.39%. Moisture = 5.7%. Kcal - 321. Chemical composition, after Abdelmuti) Protein (crude) = 1.7% (dry). Fat = 0.5% (dry). Ash (insoluble) = 1.9% (dry). Fibre (crude) = 7.3% (dry). Amino acids (g [16g N]-1): Aspartic acid = 6.8g. Threonine = 2.7g. Serine = 3.7g. Glutamic acid = 9.0g. Proline = 3.8g. Glycine = 5.3g. Alanine = 4.0g. Valine = 4.0g. Cysteine = 1.2g. Methionine = 1.5g. Isoleucine = 4.0g. Leucine = 5.3g. Tyrosine = 2.2g. Phenylalanine = 3.7g. Lysine = 2.8g. Histidine = 1.5g. Arginine = 4.3g. Minerals: Sulphur = 0.30% (dry). Potassium = 0.14% (dry). Magnesium = 0.28% (dry). Calcium = 0.13% (dry). Na = 0.09% (dry). K = 3.02% (dry). Zinc = 11mg/kg (dry). Iron = 17mg/kg (dry). Manganese = 11mg/kg (dry). Copper = 25mg/kg (dry).

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