Composites Manufacturing & Simulation Center
CMSC



CMSC Printable Flyer

Research


Composites Manufacturing Simulation & Validation

  • Develop a comprehensive set of simulation tools that connect composites from their birth in manufacturing to their lifetime prediction.
  • Advance the certification of composite products by analysis validated by experiments and teach the use of these tools to the current and future generations of engineers.
  • Work with industry, academia, and government to put these tools in the hands of engineers.

Composites Additive Manufacturing

  • Predict and measure the anisotropic deformation that occurs in printed elements.
  • Include a description of anisotropic element shape change during deposition.
  • Anticipate performance of the printed element.

Mechanics of Structure Genome

  • Unify the length scales of structural mechanics and micromechanics.
  • Enable modeling of composites with the same accuracy and ease as metals.
  • Interface seamlessly with conventional FEA codes for high-fidelity composites modeling.
  • Simulate in the cloud using SwiftComp deployed on cdmHUB.

cdmHUB Online Composites Community

  • The Composites Design and Manufacturing HUB (cdmHUB).
  • Convene the composites community to advance certification by analysis.
  • The cdmHUB supports certification by analysis through developing and disseminating simulation best practices and through education and evaluation of composites simulation tools.

COHO 601-03 Leak Detection System from Convergent Manufacturing Technologies

  • Portable suite case
  • Standard model-1 wireless device

Rheometer DHR-2 from TA Instruments

  • Environmental test chamber kit
  • ARG22 Asphalt-para-plt accessory
  • Flowmeter
  • DMA
  • Film/fiber tension clamp
  • Gas cooling accessory

Digital Image Correlation (DIC) from CSI (Correlated Solutions Inc.)

  • CSI VIC-2D/3D laptop
  • Vic-Snap remote-control tablet
  • PGR Grasshopper3 5.0MP camera w/mount
  • NI 9215 4-channel C Series Voltage Input Module w/NI cDAQ-9171 BNC compact chassis
  • Schneider 8mm, 17m, 35mm lens
  • M30.5 x 0.5 polarizing filter

Dynamic Mechanical Analyzer (DMA) from TA Instruments


Five-axis CNC machine


Seven-axis FARO EDGE Laser Scanner from Faro Technologies

  • Laser line probe HD
  • Super Power User Notebook Computer
  • CAM2 Measure 10 software
  • Geomagic dongle

Injection Overmolding machine


High Pressure - RTM System from Cannon USA


Olympus stereoscope


LEICA DMI5000 Inverted Research Microscope from W. Nuhsbaum, Inc.


Two (2) three-axis CNC, Hass, VF1, 7500 rpm machines


Heated press, 250 ton, up to 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit


3 MTS load frames with 55-kip, 20-kip and 5-kip capacity and relevant fixtures for composites characterization


Digital Image Correlation


Olympus Automated Microscope


Permeability Characterization System


Fabric Draping Characterization System


Dynamic Scanning Calorimeter from TA Instruments


Thermogravimentric Analyzer from TA Instruments


Compression Press, 30 ton, up to 6,000 degrees Fahrenheit


People


To call or email, double-tap the  or  

Events


ASC 2017 banner

ASC 32nd Technical Conference

October 23–25, 2017  Photographs


STEM Day at the CMSC!

July 7, 2017


IACMI logo

IACMI Board of Directors Meeting

November 2–3, 2016


cdmhub banner

cdmHUB Workshop

October 26–27, 2016


Composites One Training Workshop

August 9–10, 2016


Focus Areas


composites design & manufacturing hub

cdmHUB Goals

  • To accelerate the rate of development of composites simulation tools by an order of magnitude
  • To develop a comprehensive set of simulation tools that connect composites from their birth in manufacturing to their lifetime prediction
  • To advance the certification of composite products by analysis validated by experiments
  • To teach the use of these tools to the current and future generations of engineers
  • To work with industry, academia and government to put these tools in the hands of engineers who will design future products that require the performance characteristics of composites
  • cdmHUB Printable Flyer.

photo of 3d printer

Robust Manufacturing Processes

  • Able to withstand natural variations in process variables and materials
  • Self diagnosing and adjusting in real time
    • In mold cure measurement
    • Verification of fiber orientation
    • In mold void detection
  • Rapid feedback and learning

Leverage Evolving Computing Power

  • Common standards and specifications are not the answer
    • Lead to least common denominator, stifle innovation
    • Qualify new materials with less testing
  • Must increase industry confidence in ability to design and simulate composites
  • Capture phenomena in composites manufacture to control local fiber orientation and utilize anisotropy and heterogeneity to achieve near optimum manufacturing and designs
    • Topology optimization and parts consolidation
    • Minimum mass designs

composites virtual factory hub

Simulation Thrust Objectives

  • Develop & launch the Composites Virtual Factory HUB (cvfHUB) Accelerate development of comprehensive tool sets for the composites community. Deploy and integrate simulation tools which capture the manufacturing phenomena under development in the other IACMI centers of excellence.

Validation of the Simulation Tools Thrust Objectives

  • Lab scale experimental validation and prototyping, including input property characterization for manufacturing and performance simulation.

Recycling Thrust Objectives

  • Develop streams of valued-added products that can be manufactured from fibers and prepreg materials reclaimed from the factory floor.

IACMI-The Composites Institute

Technology Areas

  • Vehicles-Michigan
  • Wind Turbines-Colorado
  • Compressed Gas Storage-Ohio
  • Innovative Design, Predictive Modeling, and Simulation-Indiana
  • Composite Materials and Process Technology-Tennessee
  • IACMI Printable Flyer
  • IACMI Members Portal

Publications


Xie, Y., Kravchenko, O.G., Pipes, R.B. and Koslowski, M., “Phase field modeling of damage in glassy polymers,” Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 93 (2016), pp. 182–197.

Kravchenko, O., Kravchenko, S.G., Pipes, R.B., "Chemical and thermal shrinkage in thermosetting prepreg," Composites: Part A, 80 (2016) 72–81.

Pipes, R.B., “Accelerating the Certification Process for Aerospace Composites,” High Performance Composites, March (2014).

Kravchenko, O. G., Li, C., Strachan, A., Kravchenko, S.G. and Pipes, R.B. "Prediction of the chemical and thermal shrinkage in a thermoset polymer," Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, Volume 66, (2014), Pages 35–43.

Kravchenko, S., Kravchenko, O., Wortmann, M., Pietrek, M., Horst, P., Pipes, R.B, Composite Toughness Enhancement with Interlaminar Reinforcement, Composites: Part A, (2013).

Plummer, C.J.G., Yoon, Y.H., Garin, L., Månson, J.-A.E. (2015), Crystallization of polylactide during impregnation with liquid CO2, Polymer Bulletin, 72 (1), 103-116.

González Lazo M.A., Schüler A., Haug F.-J., Ballif C., Månson J.-A.E., Leterrier Y. (2015) Superhard Antireflective Textures Based on Hyperbranched Polymer Composite Hybrids for Thin Film Solar Cells Encapsulation, Energy Technology, 3, 366–372.

Plummer, C.J.G., Galland, S., Ansari, F., Leterrier, Y., Bourban, P.E., Berglund, L.A. & Månson, J.A.E. (2015) Influence of processing routes on morphology and low strain stiffness of polymer/nanofibrillated cellulose composites. Plastics Rubber and Composites, 44 (3), 81-86.

Dalle Vacche, S., Leterrier, Y., Michaud, V., Damjanovic, D., Aebersold, A.B. & Månson, J.A.E. (2015) Effect of interfacial interactions on the electromechanical response of poly(vinylidene fluoride-trifluoroethylene)/BaTiO3 composites and its time dependence after poling. Composites Science and Technology, 114, 103-109.

Khoushabi A., Schmocker A., Pioletti D.P., Moser C., Schizas C., Månson J.A. E., Bourban, P. E., Photo-polymerization, swelling and mechanical properties of cellulose fibre reinforced poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels. Composites Science and Technology. 2015; 119:93-9.

Yoon Y., Plummer C.J.G., Månson J.-A.E. Solid heat-expandable polylactide-poly(methyl methacrylate) foam precursors prepared by immersion in liquid carbon dioxide. Journal of Materials Science. 2015; 50:7208-17.

Nardi T., Canal L.P., Hausmann M., Dujonc F., Michaud V., Månson J.-A.E., Leterrier, Y. Stress reduction mechanisms during photopolymerization of functionally graded polymer nanocomposite coatings. Progress in Organic Coatings. 2015; 87:204-12.

Nardi T., Hammerquist C., Nairn J.A., Karimi A., Månson J.-A.E., Leterrier Y., Nanoindentation of Functionally Graded Polymer Nanocomposites: Assessment of the Strengthening Parameters through Experiments and Modeling, Front. Mater. 2:57 (2015).

Khoushabi, A. Schmocker, D. Pioletti, C. Moser, C. Schizas, J.-A.E. Månson, P.-E Bourban, Photopolymerization, swelling and mechanical properties of cellulose fibre reinforced polyethylene glycol hydrogels, Composites Science and Technology, 119 (2015) 93-99

Peng, B., Goodsell, J., Pipes, R.B., Yu, W., “Generalized Free-Edge Stress Analysis Using Mechanics of Structure Genome,” Journal of Applied Mechanics (accepted July 2016)

Goodsell, J., Pipes, R.B., “Interlaminar Stresses in Angle-Ply Laminates: a Family of Solutions,” Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 83, No. 5, (2016).

Goodsell, J.E., Moon, R.J., Huizar, A., Pipes, R.B., “A strategy for prediction of the elastic properties of epoxy-cellulose nanocrystal-reinforced fiber networks,” “Nanocellulose” Special Issue, Nordic Pulp & Paper Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, (2014).

Goodsell, J.; Pagano, N.J.; Kravchenko, O.; Pipes, R.B., “Interlaminar Stresses in Composite Laminates Subjected to Anticlastic Bending Deformation,” Journal of Applied Mechanics, Vol. 80, No. 4, (2013).

Goodsell, J., Yu, W., “The Composite Design and Manufacturing HUB: Advancing Composites Education in the Classroom,” Proceedings of the American Society of Composites, (2016).

Peng, B. Goodsell, J., Pipes, R.B., Yu, W., “Generalized Free-Edge Stress Analysis Using Mechanics of Structure Genome”, Proceedings of the American Society of Composites, (2016).

Wang, Q. and Yu, W.: “A Variational Asymptotic Approach for Thermoelastic Analysis of Composite Beams,” Advances in Aircraft and Spacecraft Science, vol. 1, 2014, pp. 93-123.

Lee, C.-Y.; Yu, W.; and Hodges, D. H.: “A Refined Modeling of Composite Plates with In-Plane Heterogeneity,” Journal of Applied Mathematics and Mechanics, vol. 94, 2014, pp. 85-100.

Pollayi, H. and Yu, W.: “Modeling matrix cracking in composite rotor blades within VABS framework,” Composite Structures, vol. 110, 2014, pp. 62-76.

Ye, Z.; Berdichevsky, V.; and Yu, W.: “An Equivalent Plate Modeling of Corrugated Structures,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 51, 2014, pp. 2073-2083.

Chen, H. and Yu, W.: “A Multiphysics Model for Magneto-Electro-Elastic Laminates,” European Journal of Mechanics - A/Solids, vol. 47, 2014, pp. 23-44.

Zhang, L. and Yu, W.: “A Micromechanics Approach to Homogenizing Elasto-viscoplastic Heterogeneous Materials,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 51, 2014, pp. 3878-3888.

Jiang, F.; Yu, W.; and Hodges, D. H.: “Analytical Modeling of Trapeze and Poynting Effects of Initially Twisted Beams,” Journal of Applied Mechanics, vol. 82, 2015, 061003.

Zhang, L. and Yu, W.: “Variational Asymptotic Homogenization of Elastoplastic Composites,” Composite Structures, vol 133, 2015, pp. 947-958.

Long, Y. and Yu, W.: “Asymptotical Modeling of Thermopiezoelastic Laminates,” Smart Materials and Structures, vol. 25, 2016, 015002.

Jiang, F. and Yu, W.: “Non-linear Variational Asymptotic Sectional Analysis of Hyperelastic Beams,” AIAA Journal, vol. 54, 2016, pp. 679-690.

Yu, W.: “A Unified Theory for Constitutive Modeling of Composites,” Journal of Mechanics of Materials and Structures, vol. 11, no. 4, 2016, pp. 379-411.

Liu, X. and Yu, W.: “A Novel Approach to Analyze Beam-like Composite Structures Using Mechanics of Structure Genome,” Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 100, 2016, pp. 238-251.

Peng, B.; A; Goodsell, J.; Pipes, R. B. and Yu, W.: “Generalized Free-Edge Stress Analysis Using Mechanics of Structure Genome,” Journal of Applied Mechanics, vol. 83 (10), 2016, 101013.

Koutsawa, Y.; Tiem, S.; Yu, W.; Addiego, F.; Guinta, G.: “A Micromechanics Approach for Effective Properties of Nanocomposites with Energetic Surfaces/Interfaces,” Composite Structures, vol. 159, 2017, pp. 278-287.

Liu, X.; Rouf, K.; Peng, B.; and Yu, W.: “Two-Step Homogenization of Textile Composites Using Mechanics of Structure Genome,” Composite Structures, vol. 171, 2017, pp. 252-262.

Zhang, L. and Yu, W.: “Constitutive Modeling of Damageable Brittle and Quasi-brittle Materials,” International Journal of Solids and Structures, vol. 117, 2017, pp. 80-90.

Zhang, L.; Gao, Z.; and Yu, W.: “A string-based cohesive zone model for interlaminar delamination,” Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 180, 2017, pp. 1-22.

J.S. Dustin, J.J. Esposito, A.W. Baker, US Patent Application #14/326646, “Strength Testing of a Flatwise Material Coupon,” (July 2014)

G. Freihofer, J. Dustin, H. Tat, A. Schulzgen, S. Raghavan.  Stress and structural damage sensing piezospectroscopic coatings validated with digital image correlation.  AIP Advances, (2015).

J.S. Dustin, “Stress and Strain Field Singularities, Micro-cracks, and Their Role in Failure Initiation at the Composite Laminate Free-Edge,” Ph.D. Dissertation, Purdue University, (2012).

J. S. Dustin, R.B. Pipes. “Free-Edge Singularities Meet the Microstructure: Important Considerations”, Composites Science & Technology, (2012).

A. Ritchey, J. Dustin, J. Gosse, R.B. Pipes.  Self-Consistent Micromechanical Enhancement of Continuous Fiber Composites, Advances in Composite Materials, InTech (2011).

R. B. Pipes, J. Goodsell, A. Ritchey, J. Dustin, J. Gosse.  Interlaminar Stresses in Composite Laminates: Thermoelastic Deformation. Composites Science and Technology 70 (2010).

J.S. Dustin, “Strength Predictions of Bonded Joints Using the Critical CTOA Criterion,” Masters Thesis, Purdue University, (2009).

T. Boswell, J.S. Dustin, M.D. Ridges, C. Robinson, US Patent Application #US 20080083493 A1, “Reusable mechanical fastener and vacuum seal combination,” (April 2006).

Contact

  • Indiana Manufacturing Institute
  • Composites Manufacturing & Simulation Center
  • 3957 N 100 W
  • Suite 100
  • West Lafayette, IN 47906
  • cmscweb@purdue.edu

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