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Bioenergy Publications

Earth Benefits of Interdisciplinary Celss-Related Research by The NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support

1996

Authors: Mitchell, C., L. Sherman, S. Nielsen, P. Nelson, P. Trumbo, T. Hodges, P. Hasegawa, R. Bressan, M. Ladisch, and D. Auslander
Journal: Adv. Space Res.,(18) 23-31 (1996)
Book Chapter:

Abstract: Earth benefits of research from the NSCORT in Bioregenerative Life Support will in clued the following: development of active control mechanisms for light, CO2, and temperature to maximize photosynthesis of crop plants during important phases of crop development; creation of value-added crops with superior nutritional, yield, and waste-process characteristics; environmental control of food and toxicant composition of crops; new process technologies and novel food products for safe, nutritious, palatable vegetarian diets; creation of menus for healthful vegetarian diets with psychological acceptability; enzymatic procedures to degrade recalcitrant crop residues occurring in municipal waste; control-system strategies to ensure sustainability of a CELSS that will enable management of diverse complex systems on earth.

Research Area: Bioenergy    

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Analysis of Plant Harvest Indices for Bioregenerative Life Support Systems

1995

Authors: Velayudhan, A., K. L. Kohlmann, P. J. Westgate and Ladisch, M. R.
Journal: Enz. Microb. Technol., 17, 907-910 (1995)
Book Chapter:

Abstract: Harvest indices, which are measures of the ratio of edible to total plant weight, are redefined to include edible sugars derived from enzymatic hydrolysis of the cellulose content of inedible plant components. Compositional analysis and carbohydrate contents of rapeseed, rice, soybeans, cowpea, wheat, sweet potato, white potato, and lettuce were analyzed to develop such generalized harvest indices. Cellulose conversion is shown to extend considerably the food available from plants otherwise grown for their oil and protein content in a bioregenerative life support system.

Research Area: Bioenergy    

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Bioprocessing in Space

1992

Authors: Westgate, P. J., K. Kohlmann, R. L. Hendrickson, and M. R. Ladisch
Journal: Enzyme Microb. Technol., 14(1), 76-79 (1992)
Book Chapter:

Abstract: The potential role of separations, hydrolysis, and fermentations in a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) environment presents challenging opportunities for bioprocessing in outer space. Introduction Manned missions may soon attempt to establish bases on the moon and Mars. Hence, manned space flights will be of longer duration and distances from earth, and a Controlled Ecological Life Support System (CELSS) will be needed to provide a constant supply of food, air, and water through bioregenerative means. CELSS is defined as a closed system with only energy crossing the outer boundary. All raw materials are provided by recycling wastes.

Research Area: Bioenergy    

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