Selected OHAIRE Publications - Coding System

Children with Autism & Guinea Pigs

O'Haire, M. E., McKenzie, S. J., Beck, A. M., & Slaughter, V. (2013). Social behaviors increase in children with autism in the presence of animals compared to toys. PLOS One, 8(2), e57010.

Summary: This paper presents an experimental study of the effects of interacting with animals, compared to toys, for children with autism spectrum disorder. It uses the observational coding system developed by the OHAIRE team. It is open access and free to the public.

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Reliability & Validity

Guérin, N. A., Gabriels, R. L., Germone, M. M., Schuck, S. E., Traynor, A., Thomas, K. M., McKenzie, S. J., Slaughter, V., & O’Haire, M. E. (2018). Reliability and validity assessment of the Observation of Human-Animal Interaction for Research (OHAIRE) behavior coding tool. Frontiers in Veterinary Science5, 268-282.

Summary: The Observation of Human-Animal Interaction for Research (OHAIRE) is a coding tool developed to capture the behavior of children when interacting with social partners and animals in naturalistic settings. This paper explores the psychometric properties of the OHAIRE coding system through analyses of its inter-rater reliability, intra-rater reliability, convergent and divergent validity, and internal structure using data from four human-animal interaction studies.

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Children with Autism & Dogs

Germone, M. M., Gabriels, R. L., Guérin, N. A., Zan, Z., Banks, T., & O'Haire, M. E. (2019). Animal-assisted activity improves social behaviors in psychiatrically hospitalized youth with autism. Autism, 23(7), 1740-1751.

Summary: This article is preliminary research suggesting that animal-assisted activities with dogs can improve social interactions of children with autism spectrum disorder when hospitalized.

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