COP21 Climate Summit 2015

The COP21 Summit saw many headlines in 2015. Being the 21st yearly session of the Conference to the Parties, the conference brought together nearly 200 countries in an attempt to strike a climate deal that would commit all countries to cut emissions. The goal of the conference was to create the first binding and universal agreement on reducing climate change. The conference was successful in creating what is being called the Paris Agreement.  The agreement will become legally binding if at least 55 countries that represent at least 55 percent of global greenhouse emissions adopt the agreement. The agreement is aimed at keeping temperature's from climbing 2 degrees celsius above pre-industrial levels by 2100. 

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Article 2:

This Agreement, in enhancing the implementation of the Convention, including its objective, aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change, in the context of sustainable     development and efforts to eradicate poverty, including by:

(a) Holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;

(b) Increasing the ability to adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change and foster climate resilience and low greenhouse gas emissions development, in a manner that does not threaten food production;

(c) Making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climateresilient development.

According to Professor Anders Levermann from the Potsdam Institute for Climate Change Research, "“At one degree we are already experiencing damages. Sea level rise in the long term is somewhere in the vicinity of two metres. That puts cities like New York, Calcutta, and Shanghai in difficult positions, and they need to protect themselves.” If the goal for two degree maximum changed isn't reached, here is what Professor Levermann says about a 3 degree celsius change, “Three degrees of warming increases the risk of strong sea level rise from, for example Antarctica, or the collapse of marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs. This increases the risk of intensification of extreme events … In short, beyond two degrees of warming we are leaving the world as we know it.”
As it stands, these infographics display a pretty alarming view of the rate of global warming in the future: