DAWN OR DOOM SPOTLIGHT: USING ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO CATCH ONLINE PREDATORS

Kathryn Seigfried-Spellar

Kathryn Seigfried-Spellar (left), Julia Rayz (front) and Marcus Rogers (right) with their team. Photo by Vincent Walter.

SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2018 |

Technology gives child predators a means to troll for targets online, but a team of Purdue University researchers has harnessed the power of artificial intelligence to help catch sex offenders before they make physical contact with children.

With statistics suggesting that up to one in 25 children are sexually solicited online, the technology has the potential to make an impact. Called the Chat Analysis Triage Tool (CATT), it uses natural language processing techniques to analyze conversations between minors and child predators and determine which adults are most likely to be “contact offenders,” that is, people who actually seek to meet kids in person.

Dawn or Doom bannerKathryn Seigfried-Spellar, assistant professor of computer and information technology, and Julia Rayz, associate professor of computer and information technology, will give a joint talk about their “digital forensics tool,” which harnesses the power of artificial intelligence, at Dawn or Doom ’18, Purdue’s annual conference on the risks and rewards of emerging technologies. Dawn or Doom will be held on Purdue’s West Lafayette campus Monday and Tuesday, Nov. 5-6. The conference, now in its fifth year, is free and open to the public. This year, it is part of Purdue’s 150th anniversary celebration. Visit the Dawn or Doom website for more information and a full list of speakers.

“From a law enforcement perspective, they have to deal with hundreds of these cases and they can be really overwhelmed,” says Seigfried-Spellar. “If they have a tool that quickly reads these chats and flags the ones that are at risk for being contact offenders, then law enforcement officers can better prioritize which cases need to be investigated first.”

In partnership with the Ventura County Sheriff’s Office in Ventura, Calif., Rayz and Seigfried-Spellar conducted hypothesis testing on real chats between minors and offenders. Because offenders in different parts of the country may speak in different ways or have different strategies for luring in children, they’re working on using data from around the country, including Indiana, to improve the tool.

They plan to eventually make CATT freely available to law enforcement. One of their priorities when developing the tool was to make it easy to use for someone without training in computer science.

They hope CATT will be used not only to triage cases, but also to train police officers to become better decoys. Officers typically receive similar training, and thus talk to offenders in a similar way. The Purdue researchers hope that their tool will help officers vary their language and be less detectable by offenders.

Although this crime-fighting tool may represent a “dawn” — an example of technology being used for good — there also could be “doom” scenarios if it falls into the wrong hands. For example, a criminal who gets access to the technology might use it to escape detection.

Dawn or Doom ’18 features four tracks: Machines, Mind, Body and Data. Featured speakers at the conference include Frank Pasquale, law professor at the University of Maryland who specializes in artificial intelligence law; Naomi Grewal, global head of insights at Pinterest; and Nicholas Carr, author of the New York Times best seller “The Shallows: What the Internet Is Doing to Our Brains.”

Writer: Adrienne Miller, ITaP science and technology writer, mill2027@purdue.edu