Behavior Intervention Team Composition
The Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) will be staffed by a multidisciplinary team that represents a number of University departments/units. The team primarily operates through a fixed core group of members (“BIT Core members” or the “BIT Core Team”), although it is occasionally expanded to include additional consulting members representing various subject matter perspectives (“BIT Consulting Team” members) when they are invited to participate on an as needed basis. Based on their positions and responsibilities, BIT Core members have direct authority to implement/impose recommended interventions made by the Behavioral Intervention Team. The BIT Core Team also operates through a subcommittee comprised of representatives from Student Rights and Responsibilities, University Residences, and Student Assistance Center, as indicated below and as further described elsewhere in this protocol.
Core Team Members
- Dean of Students (DOS), Chairperson
- Student Assistance Center *
- Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS)
- Care/Case Management-CAPS & DOS
- University Residences*
- Student Rights and Responsibilities*
- University Police
- University Legal Counsel
*indicates subcommittee members
Consulting Team Members
- Environmental Health and Public Safety
- Undergraduate Academic Affairs
- Graduate and Professional School
- Academic Advising
- International Programs
- Disability Resource Center
- Purdue University Student Health (PUSH)
- Recreational Sports
- Human Resources
- Others, as needed
- Forensic Psychologist (Contracted, as needed)
Leadership of the Behavior Intervention Team (BIT)
The Dean of Students serves as the chairperson of the Behavior Intervention Team (BIT). The chairperson is responsible for running the BIT meetings, assigning responsibilities to other team members, and confirming that the assessment and management process is followed. The chairperson, or designee, will have the authority to make decisions when the BIT is divided on issues or in a crisis situation.
Authority of Behavior Intervention Team (BIT)
The authority of the Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) is derived in part from the already existing authority of the individuals who comprise the BIT. Each individual operates in the role and scope of their current position. The BIT works within existing University policies and regulations. Examples of relevant policies include:
Violent Behavior Policy (IV.A.3) and Summary Action Student Conduct Part 5, Section III-C. 7 (University Regulations)
Purdue’s Violent Behavior Policy gives the BIT the authority to take action and coordinate intervention and states, “Purdue University is committed to providing a safe and secure campus environment for members of the University community. Purdue strives to create an educational environment for students and a work environment for employees that promotes educational and career goals. Violent Behavior impedes such goals. Therefore, Violent Behavior is prohibited in or on any University Facility or while participating in any University activity.” The Dean of Students, or designee, will serve as chair of the Student Behavior Intervention Team, which includes representatives from the Office of the Dean of Students, Environmental Health and Public Safety, University Police, Counseling and Psychological Services, University Residences, legal counsel and others as appropriate. As a team focused on interventions, key decision makers need to be involved in BIT decisions to allow for immediate implementation of plans.
University Regulations, Student Conduct, Part 5, Section III-C. 7
According to University Regulations, summary action by way of temporary suspension or exclusion from University property may be taken against a student charged with misconduct without the issuance of a notice of charges and without procedures prescribed in the Section III-C.7 of the Regulations Governing Student Conduct. Summary action shall be taken only by the President of the University or by an authorized vice president of the University, and only after the student shall have been given an opportunity to be heard if such procedure is practical and feasible under the circumstance.
Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) Reporting and Referrals
Members of the University community are encouraged to report any student behavior that concerns them (examples outlined in Behaviors of Concern section). Maxient is the database used as a central electronic site for referrals to the BIT. This form allows anonymous reporting. Referrals can also be made via contact with entities such as the Office of the Dean of Students, the Office of Student Rights and Responsibilities, the Purdue Police Department, BIT Core members and other designated units.
Although all members of the University community are encouraged to come forward and report instances of disturbing or disturbed behaviors, any instance of knowingly false or malicious reporting will be addressed in accordance with University regulations and policies.
Behavioral Intervention Team (BIT) Meetings
The BIT Core Team will meet on a regular basis to evaluate reports submitted to the team, share information about students of concern, formulate support plans, and/or discuss ongoing cases.
The BIT Core and Consulting Teams will receive a list of individuals in advance of the each Core Team meeting, when possible. Consulting Team members will be invited to share any information they have about students on the list with a designated member of the Core Team. Core Team members who receive such information will share it with the rest of the Core Team members on a confidential basis. (See discussion under Referral Response section below.) Information protected by HIPAA and other privacy laws will be shared in accordance with the law and/or with the student’s written authorization. Core members will be able to review the information collected, but Consulting Team members will only receive information if it determined by the Core Team, in accordance to FERPA and other privacy laws, that the consulting member(s) would be able to assist with a support plan or have another legitimate need to know.
The Dean of Students, or designee, will ensure that a summary of the facts related to each individual (if needed) and all action items and recommended support plan for each individual discussed during a meeting is updated in each individual’s case file in Maxient. Other BIT members, except for legal counsel, are discouraged from keeping detailed notes or records.
Any BIT Core member may ask that an emergency or ad hoc meeting be called to evaluate an urgent or emerging situation that cannot be delayed to a regularly scheduled time. The BIT chairperson, or designee, must be present at any such meeting.
Privacy, FERPA and Records Requests
BIT records are protected by FERPA and may be protected by other privacy laws. Accordingly, BIT records should only be shared with those individuals who have the appropriate permissions and/or who need to view these records. Any information discussed regarding an individual student at a BIT meeting must be treated with sensitivity, privacy and, to the extent possible, anonymously. The BIT chairperson will work with legal counsel in response to BIT records requests.
Maxient is the database used as a central electronic site for referrals to the BIT. The Core Team’s representatives from Student Rights and Responsibilities and Student Assistance Center are responsible for reviewing BIT referrals on a daily basis. Based on the information provided, the Dean of Students will be notified that an emergency meeting should be scheduled as soon as possible (including same day, if needed). Other Core Team members will be notified to take action within the scope of their responsibilities if the referral contains information that warrants an urgent response. For example, if there is an immediate danger or emergency situation, the Purdue Police Department will be contacted.
The Core Team subcommittee, representatives from Student Rights and Responsibilities, University Residences, and Student Assistance Center, will meet weekly to review the BIT referrals. The subcommittee will utilize the threat assessment tool, if warranted, and available information to determine if the student needs to be discussed at the next BIT meeting. The subcommittee will determine if outreach and available resources will be able to address the concerns. However, the entire combined BIT (both Core and Consulting Teams) will receive the student names that were referred for the purpose of collecting additional information that may elevate the student case to the BIT meeting for further discussion and possible development of a support plan. Every student who is reported to the BIT will receive outreach by a University staff member or law enforcement.
The NaBITA Threat Assessment Tool will be used by the BIT Core Team subcommittee to conduct an initial screening. The SIVRA-35 will be used to conduct a more extensive screening if the student is determined to be at elevated, severe or extreme risk to harm self or others.
Develop and Monitor Plan
The BIT will develop and recommend coordinated support plans to address the concerning behavior, support the student, and to preserve the student’s individual rights. The plan is based upon information gathered and the threat assessment evaluation that has been made, and the plan will be customized to address the issues and concerns of the student in question. Follow-up and progress will be reported to the BIT Core Team as needed.
The BIT will continue to monitor a situation involving a student of concern until there is no longer a reasonable threat posed by the student and the behavior is effectively managed.
Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) Member Training
BIT members (Core and Consulting) will participate in trainings and professional development opportunities on an annual basis.
Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) Assessment
Core members will annually review the BIT procedures and protocols for effectiveness and compliance with University regulations and policies.
Behavior Intervention Team (BIT) Annual Reporting
An annual report of non-personally identifiable, aggregate statistics related to BIT activities (i.e. number of referrals, types of referrals, types of intervention plans, etc.) will be shared with the University community.