Kip Williams

Degree: Ph.D. The Ohio State University, 1981

Research Interests:

My interests lie broadly in group processes and social influence. My specific research topics include ostracism, group motivation, and tactics of influence.

Recent Publications:

Hales, A. H., Wood, N. R., & Williams, K. D. (in press). Navigating COVID-19: Insights from research on social ostracism. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations

McCarty, M., Kelly, J. R., & Williams, K. D. (in press). The impact of fleeting exposure to female exemplars of success in STEM. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations.

Hales, A. H. & Williams, K. D. (in press). Extremism leads to ostracism. Social Psychology.

Hales, A. H., McIntyre, M. M., Rudert, S. C., Williams, K. D., & Thomas, H. (2020). Ostracized and observed: The presence of an audience affects the experience of being excluded. Self and Identity, DOI: 10.1080/15298868.2020.1807403

Dvir, M., Kelly, J. R., Tyler, J., & Williams, K. D. (2020). I’m up here! Sexual objectification leads to feeling ostracized. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Sprunger, J., Hales, A. H., Abbey, A., Maloney, M., Williams, K. D., & Eckhardt, C. I. (2020). Alcohol, affect, and aggression: An investigation of alcohol’s effects following ostracism. Psychology of Violence, 10(6), 585-593.

Zhang, D., Li, S., Shao, L., Hales, A. H., Williams, K. D., & Teng, F. (2019). Ostracism increases automatic aggression: The role of anger and forgiveness. Frontiers Psychology. 10:2659. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02659

Freedman, G., Powell, D., Le, B., & Williams, K. D. (2019). Ghosting and destiny: Implicit theories of relationships predict beliefs about ghosting. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 36, 905-924.

Dvir, M., Williams, K. D., & Kelly, J. M. (2019). Is inclusion a valid control for ostracism? Journal of Social Psychology, 159, 106-111.

Hales, A. H., & Williams, K. D. (2018). Marginalized individuals and extremism: The role of ostracism in openness to extreme Groups. Journal of Social Issues, 74, 75-92.

Ren, D., Wesselmann, E. D. & Williams, K. D. (2018). Hurt people hurt people: Ostracism and aggression, Current Opinions in Psychology, 19, 34-38.

Stock, M., Gibbons, F. X., Beekman, J., Williams, K. D., Richman, L., & Gerrard, M. (2017). Racial (versus self-affirmation as a protective mechanism against the effects of racial exclusion on negative affect and substance use vulnerability among Black young adults. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. doi: 10.1007/s10865-017-9882-7

Rudert, S. C., Hales, A. H., Greifeneder, R., & Williams, K. D. (2017). When silence is not golden: Why acknowledgement matters even when being excluded. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 43, 678-692.

Hales, A. H., Williams, K. D., & Rector, J. (2017). AIE: Abbreviation-induced exclusion. APS Observer, 30, February.

Other Major Books, Chapters, or Publications:

Williams, K. D. (2001). Ostracism: The power of silence. NY: Guilford Press.

Williams, K. D. (2007). Ostracism. Annual Review of Psychology, 58, 425-452.

Williams, K. D. (2009). Ostracism: A temporal need-threat model. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 41, (pp. 279-314). NY: Academic Press.

Williams, K. D., Forgas, J. P., & von Hippel, W. (Eds). (2005). The social outcast: Ostracism, social exclusion, rejection, and bullying. NY: Psychology Press.

Rudert, S. C, Greifeneder, R., & Williams, K. D. (Eds.) (2019). Current directions in ostracism, social exclusion, and rejection research. London: Routledge Press.

Williams, K. D., & Nida, S. A. (Eds.) (2017). Ostracism, exclusion, and rejection. New York: Psychology Press.

Eisenberger, N. I., Lieberman, M. D., & Williams, K. D. (2003). Does rejection hurt? An fMRI study of social exclusion. Science, 302, 290-292. [Summarized in Time, October 13, 2003; Psychology Today, October 17, 2003, New Scientist, October 9, 2003, and in 64 other international newspapers, magazines, radio and television programs, and in 16 articles from non-English speaking countries; see].

Williams, K. D., Cheung, C. K. T., & Choi, W. (2000). CyberOstracism: Effects of being ignored over the Internet. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 79, 748-762.Williams, K. D., Bourgeois, M., & Croyle, R. T. (1993). The effects of stealing thunder in criminal and civil trials. Law and Human Behavior, 17, 597-609.

Latané, B., Williams, K., & Harkins, S. (1979). Many hands make light the work: The causes and consequences of social loafing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 37, 822-832. 


Distinguished Professor, Social Psychology

Mailing Address:
Department of Psychological Sciences
Purdue University
703 Third Street
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081 USA

Campus Address:
Psychological Sciences, Room 2166

Telephone: (765) 494-0845
CV: Kip Williams.pdf

Psychological Sciences, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, (765) 494-6061 FAX: (765) 496-1264

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