Sarah Karalunas


Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University, 2011

Research Interests:

Dr. Karalunas’ research interests are closely related to her clinical practice. Her research focuses on better understanding the cognitive difficulties often experienced by children with ADHD and other neurodevelopmental disorders, and in improving assessment and treatment of neurodevelopmental disorders by focusing on unique individual differences between children.

Representative Publications:

Gustafsson H.C., Sullivan E.L., A J Battison E., Holton K.F., Graham A.M., Karalunas S.L., Fair
D.A., Loftis JM, Nigg JT. (2020). Evaluation of Maternal Inflammation as a Marker of Future Offspring ADHD Symptoms: A Prospective Investigation. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. PMID 32707260 DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2020.07.019 

Goh P.K., Lee C.A., Martel M.M., Karalunas S.L., Nigg J.T. (2020). Subgroups of Childhood
ADHD Based on Temperament Traits and Cognition: Concurrent and Predictive Validity. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. PMID 32666315 DOI: 10.1007/s10802-020-00668-x 

Nigg J.T., Karalunas S.L., Feczko E., Fair D.A. (2020). Toward a Revised Nosology for
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Heterogeneity. Biological Psychiatry. Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. PMID 32305325 DOI: 10.1016/j.bpsc.2020.02.005

Karalunas S.L., Weigard A., Alperin B. (2020). Emotion-Cognition Interactions in Attention
Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Increased Early Attention Capture and Weakened Attentional Control in Emotional Contexts. Biological Psychiatry. Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging. PMID 32198002 DOI: 10.1016/j.bpsc.2019.12.021

Karalunas S.L., Nigg J.T. (2019). Heterogeneity and Subtyping in Attention
Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder-Considerations for Emerging Research Using Person-Centered Computational Approaches. Biological Psychiatry. PMID 31924323 DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.11.002 

Nigg J.T., Karalunas S.L., Gustafsson H.C., Bhatt P., Ryabinin P., Mooney M.A., Faraone S.V.,
Fair D.A., Wilmot B. (2019). Evaluating chronic emotional dysregulation and irritability in relation to ADHD and depression genetic risk in children with ADHD. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines. PMID 31605387 DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.13132

Alperin B.R., Smith C.J., Gustafsson H.C., Figuracion M.T., Karalunas S.L. (2019). The
relationship between alpha asymmetry and ADHD depends on negative affect level and parenting practices. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 116: 138-146. PMID 31233897 DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.06.016 

Bauer B.W., Gustafsson H.C., Nigg J., Karalunas S.L. (2019). Working memory mediates
increased negative affect and suicidal ideation in childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment. 40: 180-193. PMID 30386005 DOI: 10.1007/s10862-017-9635-5 

Karalunas S.L., Gustafsson H.C., Fair D., Musser E.D., Nigg J.T. (2018).  Do we need an
irritable subtype of ADHD? Replication and extension of a promising temperament profile approach to ADHD subtyping. Psychological Assessment. PMID 30359050 DOI: 10.1037/pas0000664 

Mills B.D., Miranda-Dominguez O, Mills K.L., Earl E., Cordova M., Painter J., Karalunas S.L.,
Nigg J.T., Fair D.A. (2018). ADHD and attentional control: Impaired segregation of task positive and task negative brain networks. Network Neuroscience (Cambridge, Mass.). 2: 200-217. PMID 30215033 DOI: 10.1162/netn_a_00034

Karalunas S.L., Fair D., Musser E.D., Aykes K., Iyer S.P., Nigg J.T. (2018). Notice of Retraction
and Replacement. Karalunas et al. Subtyping attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder using temperament dimensions: toward biologically based nosologic criteria. JAMA Psychiatry. 2014;71(9):1015-1024. Jama Psychiatry. PMID 29516086 DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0013 

Nigg J.T., Gustafsson H.C., Karalunas S.L., Ryabinin P., McWeeney S.K., Faraone S.V.,
Mooney M.A., Fair D.A. & Wilmot B. (2018). Working Memory and Vigilance as Multivariate Endophenotypes Related to Common Genetic Risk for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 57: 175-182. PMID 29496126 DOI: 10.1016/j.jaac.2017.12.013 

Karalunas S.L., Hawkey E., Gustafsson H., Miller M., Langhorst M., Cordova M., Fair D., Nigg
J.T. (2018). Overlapping and Distinct Cognitive Impairments in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity and Autism Spectrum Disorder without Intellectual Disability. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. PMID 29450820 DOI: 10.1007/s10802-017-0394-2 


Assistant Professor, Clinical Psychology

Mailing Address:
Department of Psychological Sciences
Purdue University
703 Third Street
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081 USA

Campus Address:
Psychological Sciences, Room 1228

Telephone: (765) 496-5214

iCAN Lab

Psychological Sciences, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, (765) 494-6061 FAX: (765) 496-1264

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