Smallmouth Buffalo


Other Common Names:

Roach-back, razor-backed buffalo, highback, channel buffalo, baitnet buffalo, humpback buffalo, thick-lipped buffalo, liner buffalo, brown buffalo


Scientific Name:

Ictiobus bubalus



Feeds on insect larvae and aquatic vegetation



Prefers clear, running water with sandy or gravelly bottom



11.8 � 15.8 inches



Bluish-gray body dorsally blending into silvery blue sides fading into white or yellowish on the belly, humpbacked appearance with small sub-terminal mouth, maximum size is around 40 pounds


Photo & Text courtesy of:

Iowa Department of Natural Resources

Iowa Fish and Fishing by James R. Harlan and Everett B. Speaker with James Mayhew; color illustrations by Maynard F. Reece

Fishes of Wisconsin by George C. Becker


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