Wayne Campbell

Educational Background

  • B.S., Nutritional Sciences at University of Delaware in 1984
  • M.S., Nutritional Sciences at University of Maryland in 1987
  • Ph.D, Nutritional Sciences at Tufts University in 1993
  • Post-Doc., Nutrition/Exercise/Aging at The Pennsylvania State University in 1997

Awards & Honors

  • Research Excellence Award, Center on Aging and the Life Course, Purdue University, 2016
  • University Scholar from Purdue University, 2008 - 2013
  • Career Research Achievement Award from College of Health and Human Sciences, Purdue University, 2012
  • Undergraduate Honors Mentor Award, College of Consumer and Family Sciences from Purdue University, 2009
  • Presidential Citation for Outstanding Achievement from University of Delaware, 2000

Activities & Memberships

  • Member, Advisor Council on Nutrition and Healthy Food Choices, Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research (foundationfar.org), 2016 - 2017
  • Member, 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee, United States Department of Health and Human Services, 2016 - 2018
  • Member, 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Committee from USDA and HHS, 2013 - 2015
  • Clinical Research Center and Bionutrition Services Core (Director), Purdue University (from NIH-supported Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute), 2008 - 2015
  • Member and Fellow of the Obesity Society, 2006 - Present
  • Member of the American Society for Nutrition, 2006 - Present
  • Scientific review panelist for USDA, NIH, NASA, NSBRI, VSARIEM, and FAA, 2000-2014

Discovery

Our research interests include human nutrition and exercise studies on protein, carbohydrate and energy metabolism, dietary protein and energy requirements, body composition, obesity, weight loss, muscle strength, and muscle function with special emphasis on aging. We are also interested in how nutrition, exercise, and aging impact appetite and ingestive behaviors. Our research suggests that older people who habitually consume the Recommended Dietary Allowance for protein experience subtle declines in skeletel muscle size. Thus we seek to find the optimal protein intake for older and elderly people to consume. Our research also focuses on how protein metabolism, body composition, and glucose metabolism change in older people with changes in protein intake, body weight, and exercise (especially strength training). We are also interested in evaluating the effectiveness of compounds that are promoted to have ergogenic properties (e.g. whey protein). 

Our research includes the use of traditional metabolic balance techniques (with strict dietary control possible in a metabolic research kitchen), stable isotope infusion techniques (to measure in vivo amino acid turnover and incorporation into muscle tissues), body composition (plethysmography, dual x-ray absorptiometry, deuterium oxide dilution, magnetic resonance imaging), the muscle biopsy technique (to obtain small samples of human skeletal muscle), and indirect calorimetry (to measure resting and exercise energy expenditure). We also highly value collaboration within and outside of Purdue to expand our interests, expertise, and research capabilities.

Discovery Publications

  • Bhasin, S., Apovian, C.M., Travison, T.G., Pencina, K., Moore, L.L., Huang, G., Campbell, W.W., Li, Z., Howland, A.S., Chen, R., Knapp, P.E., Singer, M.R., Shah, M., Secinaro, K., Eder, R.V., Hally, K., Schram, H., Bearup, R., Beleva, Y.M., McCarthy, A.C., Woodbury, E., McKinnon, J., Fleck, G., Storer, T.W., Basaria, S. Effect of Protein Intake on Lean Body Mass in Functionally Limited Older Men: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Mar 12. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2018.0008. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29532075, impact factor 16.54
  • Hallberg, S.J., McKenzie, A.L., Williams, P.T., Bhanpuri, N.H., Peters, A.L., Campbell, W.W., Hazbun, T.L., Volk, B.M., McCarter, J.P., Phinney, S.D., Volek, J.S. Effectiveness and Safety of a Novel Care Model for the Management of Type 2 Diabetes at 1 Year: An Open-Label, Non-Randomized, Controlled Study. Diabetes Ther. 2018 Mar 5. doi: 10.1007/s13300-018-0386-4. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29508274, impact factor 2.368
  • Hudson, J.L., Paddon-Jones, D., Campbell, W.W. Whey protein supplementation 2 hours after a lower protein breakfast restores plasma essential amino acid availability comparable to a higher protein breakfast in overweight adults. Nutr Res. 2017 Nov;47:90-97. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2017.09.007. Epub 2017 Oct 2. PMID: 29241582, impact factor 2.737
  • Apovian, C.M., Singer, M.R., Campbell, W.W., Bhasin, S., McCarthy, A.C., Shah, M., Basaria, S., Moore, L.L. Development of a Novel Six-Month Nutrition Intervention for a Randomized Trial in Older Men with Mobility Limitations. J Nutr Health Aging. 2017;21(10):1081-1088. doi: 10.1007/s12603-017-0990-4. PMID: 29188864, impact factor 2.996
  • Hudson, J.L., Kim, J.E., Paddon-Jones, D., Campbell, W.W. Within-day protein distribution does not influence body composition responses during weight loss in resistance-training adults who are overweight. Am J Clin Nutr. 2017 Sep 13. pii: ajcn158246. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.117.158246. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 28903957, impact factor 6.926
  • Sayer, R.D., Dhillon, J., Tamer, G.G., Cornier, M.A., Chen, N., Wright, A.J., Campbell, W.W., Mattes, R.D. Consuming Almonds vs. Isoenergetic Baked Food Does Not Differentially Influence Postprandial Appetite or Neural Reward Responses to Visual Food Stimuli. Nutrients. 2017 Jul 27;9(8). pii: E807. doi: 10.3390/nu9080807. PMID: 28749419, impact factor 3.550
  • Kim, J.E., Dunville, K., Li, J., Cheng, J.X., Conley, T.B., Couture, C.S., Campbell, W.W. Intermuscular Adipose Tissue Content and Intramyocellular Lipid Fatty Acid Saturation Are Associated with Glucose Homeostasis in Middle-Aged and Older Adults. Endocrinol Metab (Seoul). 2017 Jun;32(2):257-264. doi: 10.3803/EnM.2017.32.2.257. Epub 2017 May 29. PMID: 28555462
  • Bhasin, S., Apovian, C.M., Travison, T.G., Pencina, K., Huang, G., Moore, L.L., Campbell, W.W., Howland, A., Chen, R., Singer, M.R., Shah, M., Eder, R., Schram, H., Bearup, R., Beleva, Y.M., McCarthy, A.C., Li, Z., Woodbury, E., McKinnon, J., Storer, T.W., Basaria, S. Design of a randomized trial to determine the optimum protein intake to preserve lean body mass and to optimize response to a promyogenic anabolic agent in older men with physical functional limitation. Contemp Clin Trials. 2017 May 5;58:86-93. doi: 10.1016/j.cct.2017.05.004. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28483498, impact factor 2.052
  • Kim, J.E., Lin, G., Zhou, J., Mund, J.A., Case, J., Campbell, W.W. Weight loss achieved using an energy restriction diet with normal or higher dietary protein decreased the number of CD14++CD16+ proinflammatory monocytes and plasma lipids and lipoproteins in middle-aged, overweight, and obese adults. Nutr Res. 2017 Apr;40:75-84. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2017.02.007. Epub 2017 Mar 14. PMID: 28473063, impact factor 2.523
  • Amankwaah, A.F., Sayer, R.D., Wright, A.J., Chen, N., McCrory, M.A., Campbell, W.W. Effects of higher dietary protein and fiber intakes at breakfast on postprandial glucose, insulin, and 24-h interstitial glucose in overweight adults. Nutrients. 2017 Apr 2;9(4) pii: E352. PMID:28368334, impact factor 3.759
  • Kranz, S., Brauchla, M., Campbell, W.W., Mattes, R.D., Schwichtenberg, A.J. High-protein and high-dietary-fiber breakfasts result in equal feelings of fullness and better diet quality in low-income preschoolers compared with their usual breakfast. J Nutr. 2017 Mar;147(3):445-452. PMID: 28077732, impact factor 4.532
  • Li, J., Janle, E., Campbell, W.W. Postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses to common breakfast beverages consumed with a standard meal in adults who are overweight and obese. Nutrients. 2017 Jan 4;9(1). pii: E32. doi: 10.3390/nu9010032. PMID: 28054966, impact factor 3.759
  • Wagner, K.A., Braun, E., Armah, S.M., Horan, D., Smith, L.G., Pike, J., Tu, W., Hamilton, M.T., Delp, E.J., Campbell, W.W., Boushey, C.J., Hannon, T.S., Gletsu-Miller, N. Dietary Intervention for Glucose Tolerance In Teens (DIG IT): Protocol of a randomized controlled trial using health coaching to prevent youth-onset type 2 diabetes. Contemp Clin Trials. 2017 Feb;53:171-177. PMID: 28011388, impact factor 2.052
  • Wright, C.S., McMorrow, A.M., Weinheimer-Haus, E.M., Campbell, W.W. Whey protein supplementation and higher total protein intake do not influence bone quantity in overweight and obese adults following a 36-week exercise and diet intervention. J Nutr. 2017 Feb;147(2):179-186. PMID: 28003538. Impact factor 4.532
  • O'Connor, L.E., Kim, J.E., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Total red meat intake of ≥0.5 servings/d does not negatively influence cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematically searched meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Nov 23, pii: ajcn 142521 [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27881394.
  • Kim, J.E., Ferruzzi, M.G., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Egg consumption increased vitamin E absorption from co-consumed raw mixed vegetables in healthy young men.  J Nutr.  146(11):2199-2205. PMID: 27655756.
  • Sayer, R.D., Tamer, G.G. Jr., Chen, N., Tregellas, J.R., Cornier, M.A., Kareken, D.A., Talavage, T.M., McCrory, M.A., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Reproducibility assessment of brain responses to visual food stimuli in adults with overweight and obesity.  Obesity (Silver Spring). 24(10):2057-63. doi: 10.1002/oby.21603.  PMID: 27542906.
  • Rafii, M., Chapman, K., Elango, R., Campbell, W.W., Ball, R.O., Pencharz, P.A.B., Courtney-Martin, G. (2016) Dietary protein requirement of men >65 years old determined by the indicator amino acid oxidation technique is higher than the current estimated average requirement. J Nutr. 2016 Mar 9. [Epub ahead of print].  PMID: 26962173.
  • O'Connor, L.E., Campbell, W.W. (2016) A novel fiber composite ingredient incorporated into a beverage and bar blunts postprandial serum glucose and insulin responses: a randomized controlled trial.  Nutr Res. 36(3):2530261.  PMID: 26923512.
  • Kim, J.E., O'Connor, L.E., Sands, L.P., Slebodnik, M.B., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Effects of dietary protein intake on body composition changes after weight loss in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Nutr Rev. 74(3):210-224.  PMID: 26883880.
  • Zhou, J., Kim, J.E., Armstrong, C.L., Chen, N., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Higher-protein diets improve indexes of sleep in energy-restricted overweight and obese adults: results from 2 randomized controlled trials.  Am J Clin Nutr. 103(3):766-774.  PMID: 26864362.
  • Li, J., Armstrong, C.L.H., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Effects of dietary protein source and quantity during weight loss on appetite, energy expenditure, and cardio-metabolic responses.  Nutritients. 8(2):63.  PMID 26821042.
  • Sayer, R.D., Amankwaah, A.F., Tamer, G.G., Chen, N., Wright, A.J., Tregellas, J.R., Cornier, M.A., Kareken, D.A., Talavage, T.M., McCrory, M.A., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Effects of Dietary Protein and Fiber at Breakfast on Appetite, ad Libitum Energy Intake at Lunch, and Neural Responses to Visual Food Stimuli in Overweight Adults. Nutrients. 8(1):pii: E21.  PMID: 26742068.
  • Wright, C.S., Craddock, A., Weinheimber-Haus, E.M., Lim, E., Conley, T.B., Janle, E.M., Campbell, W.W. (2016) Thyroid status, insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance in overweight and obese adults before and after 36 weeks of whey protein supplementation and exercise training.  Endocr Res. 41(2):103-9.  PMID: 26727029.

Books, Chapters & Monograph Publications

  • Gifford, C.L., O’Connor, L.E., Campbell, W.W., Woerner, D.R., Belk, K.E. Broad and inconsistent muscle food classification is problematic for dietary guidance in the U.S. Nutrients. 2017; 2017 Sep 16;9(9). pii: E1027. doi: 10.3390/nu9091027. Impact factor 3.550
  • O’Connor, L.E. and Campbell, W.W. Red meat and health: getting to the heart of the matter. Nutrition Today July/August 2017, 52(4):167-173.
  • O’Connor, L.E., Campbell, W.W. Nutritional composition and the value of pig meat. In: Achieving sustainable production of pig meat Volume 1: Safety, quality and sustainability. Alan Mathew, editor. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing, Sawston, Cambridge, UK. 2017 (in press)
  • Millen, B.E., Abrams, S., Adams-Campbell, L., Anderson, C.A., Brenna, J.T., Campbell, W.W., Clinton, S., Hu, F., Nelson, M., Neuhouser, M.L., Perez-Escamilla, R., Siega-Riz, A.M., Story, M., Lichtenstein, A.H. Adv Nutr. 2016 May 16;7(3):438-44. doi: 10.3945/an.116.012120. Print 2016 May. PMID:2718427. Impact factor 5.386
  • Paddon-Jones, D., Campbell, W.W., Jacques, P.F., Kritchevsky, S.B., Moore, L.L., Rodriguez, N.R., van Loon, L.J. Protein and healthy aging. Am J Clin Nutr 2015; 101(Suppl):1339S-1145S. PMID 25926511
  • Hooper, L., Abdelhamid, A., Attreed, N.J., Campbell, W.W., et al. (38 total co-authors). Clinical symptoms, signs and tests for identification of impending and current water-loss dehydration in older people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Apr 30;4:CD009647. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009647.pub2. PMID: 25924806
  • Campbell, W.W. Update on the new U.S. dietary standards. Proc. Cornell Nutr. Conf. for Feed Manu. East Syracuse, NY, pp. 185-187, 2015
  • Anderson, C.A.M. and Campbell, W.W. 2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee report: a call for bold action to create a culture of health. Nutrition Today July/August 2015, 50(4):172-173.
  • Li, J., O'Connor, Zhou, J., Cambell, W.W. (2014) Exercise patterns, ingestive behaviors, and energy balance. Physiolo Behav. 134:70-75. PMID 247472277.
  • Campbell, W.W., Weinheimer, E.M., Tang, M. (2014) Protein Metabolism and Requirements. In: Geriatric Nutrition: The Health Professional's Handbook, 4th edition. Ronni Chernoff Ed(s). Ch.2 Jones and Bartlett Learning, Burlington, MA/USA.
  • Campbell, W.W., Weinheimer, E.M., Tang, M. Protein Metabolism and Requirements. Chapter 2 in Geriatric Nutrition: The Health Professional’s Handbook, 4th edition. Ronni Chernoff, editor. Jones and Bartlett Learning (publisher), Burlington, Massachusetts. 2014
  • Zhou, J., Li, J., Campbell, W.W. (2013) Vegetarian Athletes. In: Nutrition and Enhanced Sports Performance: Muscle Building, Endurance, and Strength. Bagchi, D., Nair, S., Sen, C.K Ed(s). Ch.10. Pp.Pages. Academic Press (Elsevier), Waltham, MA. 

Learning

NUTR 48800 Topics in Nutrition, Fitness, and Health: This course is designed to provide juniors and seniors in the nutrition, fitness, and health curriculum with a review of the current literature as it relates to their major. Specific information from previous courses in separate disciplines will be integrated to study the interrelationships between nutrition and exercise and their impact on physical performance and health. Concepts combining nutritional sciences and exercise physiology will be presented, and controversies in the current literature will be discussed.

Wayne Campbell

Professor
Faculty Associate:
  Center on Aging and the Life Course

Office: STON 203
Address: 700 West State Street
West Lafayette, IN 47907
Phone: 765.494.8236
Fax: 765.494.0674
E-Mail: campbellw@purdue.edu

Department of Nutrition Science, 700 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2059(765) 494-8228, Fax: (765) 494-0674

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