New journal article on adolescent emotion system dynamics

Our new paper on the dynamics of adolescents’ emotion systems (dynamic physiological responses and self-reported feelings) has been published in the special issue of Developmental Psychology on New Directions in the Study of Human Emotional Development.

Xiao Yang, the lead author of this study, developed a new person-centered, network-based approach to examine how physiological processes and emotional experiences influence each other during a socially stressful situation.

You can find Xiao’s tutorial on this method here.

Yang, X., Ram, N., Lougheed, J. P., Molenaar, P. C. M., & Hollenstein, T. (2019). Adolescents’ emotion system dynamics: Network-based analysis of physiological and emotional experience. Developmental Psychology, 55, 1982-1993. doi: 10.1037/dev0000690. Preprint available here.

New theoretical review on parent-adolescent relationships

My new theoretical review on parent-adolescent emotion dynamics is now online in the Journal of Research on Adolescence. I build on the work of many others (including Emily Butler, Tom Hollenstein, Isabel Granic, and Marc Lewis) and forward a dynamic systems model for how development through the parent-adolescent relationship proceeds at multiple time scales.

I also write about this work in the recent issue of Emotion Researcher.

Lougheed, J. P. (in press). Parent-adolescent dyads as temporal interpersonal emotion systems. Journal of Research on Adolescence. doi:

Lougheed, J. P. (2019). A dynamic systems perspective of emotion in the parent-adolescent relationship. Feature article in the Emotion Researcher Spotlight series of Emotion Researcher, the sourcebook and newsletter for the International Society for Research on Emotion. Retrieved from

New journal article on emotion socialization dynamics

Our new work on emotion socialization dynamics will appear in the upcoming special issue of Developmental Psychology on emotion socialization. We used grid-sequence analysis, an approach that merges state space grids from developmental science with sequencing methods from biology, to examine complex patterns of mother-daughter emotions as they unfolded during different interpersonal contexts. We found that some patterns related to who and how positive emotions were up-regulated were associated with adolescent daughters’ internalizing symptoms, but only in some types of interpersonal contexts.

You can find Mimi Brinberg’s highly accessible tutorial for conducting grid-sequence analysis in R here.

A preprint of our paper is available here.

Lougheed, J. P., Brinberg, M., Ram, N., & Hollenstein, T. (In press). Emotion socialization as a dynamic process across emotion contexts. Developmental Psychology. doi: 10.1037/dev0000801. 

New chapter on conflicts in parent-adolescent relationships

The new volume Psychosocial Development in Adolescence: Insights from the Dynamic Systems Approach, edited by E. Saskia Kunnen, Naomi M. P. de Ruiter, Bertus F. Jeronimus, and Mandy A. E. van Der Gaag, is now available.

I enjoyed contributing my chapter on Conflict Dynamics and the Transformation of the Parent-Adolescent Relationship. I used dynamic systems ideas to explore the idea that conflicts are an important context for adolescent development. Whether they are beneficial or detrimental likely depends on the specific dynamics of the conflict and how they shape, and are shaped by, psychosocial development at a broader scale.

Presentation slides from SRCD 2019

A visualization of our sequence data, showing patterns of 96 mother-daughter dyads’ emotional expressions during five different emotional contexts.

I presented on some new analyses using grid-sequence analysis at SRCD 2019. We examined sequences of mother-daughter emotions during different types of emotional discussions, and found some patterns that might be related to daughters’ internalizing symptoms.

See our presentation slides here. A tutorial on conducting the grid-sequence analysis using R can be found on the Penn State Quant Dev website here.

See you at APS 2019!

A visualization of some of the data I will be presenting on at APS 2019.

Come see me at APS 2019!

I will be presenting on Emotional Spillover across Social Interactions: The Emotional Rollercoaster Task Captures the Ups and Downs of Interpersonal Emotions across Contexts in the symposium entitled How Emotion Regulation Spills Over across Time, People, and Social Contexts.

New journal article: Studying the timing of recurring behaviors

Survival times (x-axis) for each child (separate lines on y-axis) for each episode of anger (grouped by color).

Our article examining the timing of children’s recurring anger expressions will appear in the January 2019 issue of Developmental Psychology. We introduce multilevel survival analysis and its usefulness for developmental scientists who work with video-recorded observations of behaviors. In our example analyses, we examined how children’s second-by-second use of behavioral strategies was associated with the timing of their anger expressions during a waiting task.

Accompanying tutorials including the code used in our paper can be found on the Penn State Quant Dev site.

A pre-print of the paper can be found here.


Lougheed, J. P., Benson, L., Cole, P. M., & Ram, N. (2019). Multilevel survival analysis: Studying the timing of children’s recurring behaviors. Developmental Psychology, 55(1), 53–65.

See you at SRCD 2019!

A sneak peek of some data I’ll be presenting on at SRCD

Come see me at SRCD 2019! I’ll be at a couple different sessions:

  • My symposium on Dynamic Approaches to Parent-Child Interactions from Infancy to Adolescence where I will be presenting An Examination of Emotion Socialization Dynamics in Mother-Daughter Dyads using Grid-Sequence Analysis
  • Xiao Yang’s presentation on Adolescents’ Emotion System Dynamics: Network-based Analysis of Physiological and Emotional Experience in the symposium Dynamics of Physiological Processes in Interpersonal Contexts: Correlates and Outcomes