Germán Posada, PhD

Research Interests

Child-mother attachment relationships, secure base phenomenon, attachment representations, caregiving and socialization outcomes, marital relationship and attachment, cross-cultural issues in attachment research

Biography

Dr. Posada's interests are in the area of social-emotional development; focusing on the study of child-parent attachment relationships and parenting. He is specifically interested in investigating the development of the secure base phenomenon, its relations to the quality of caregiving and characteristics of the family (e.g., marital conflict and support), and children's behavioral outcomes. An important emphasis of his work is the study of those issues from a cross-cultural perspective. Similarly, a characteristic of his research is the use of observational methodologies in naturalistic settings (e.g., home, hospitals, and playgrounds). Dr. Posada also uses interview and questionnaire techniques, and occasionally brings participants to a laboratory context.

One of his current studies concerns the study of relations between maternal secure base representations and secure base support, and children's secure base behavior. This study has a cross-cultural component since information is being collected in two countries. In a different project, he is investigating the longitudinal relations between maternal caregiving and infant attachment security at one and three years of age. Dr. Posada is also studying the relations between the context in which attachment relationships develop (e.g., socioeconomic group, and/or marital relationship: conflict and exposure of the child to it) and secure base relationships.

Selected Publications

  • Kellerman, A. M., Schwichtenberg, A. J., Tonnsen, B. L., Posada, G., & Lane, S. P. (2019). Dyadic interactions in children exhibiting the broader autism phenotype: Is the BAP distinguishable from typical development? Autism Research, 12, 469-481.

  • Nóblega, M., Bárrig-Jo, P., Gonzalez, L., Fourment, K., Salinas-Quiroz, F., Vizuet, A., & Posada, G. (2019). Secure base scripted knowledge and preschoolers’ social competence in samples from Mexico and Peru. Attachment & Human Development, 21, 253-264.

  • Posada, G., Vaughn, B. E., Verissimo, M., Lu, T., Nichols, O., El-Sheikh, M., Trumbell, J. M., Anaya, L., & Kaloustian, G. (2019). Preschoolers’ secure base script representations predict teachers’ ratings of social competence in two independent samples. Attachment & Human Development, 21, 238-252.

  • Vaughn, B. E., Posada, G., & Verissimo, M. (2019). Scripted knowledge about attachment and social competence in preschoolers: Overview. Attachment & Human Development, 21, 219-224.

  • Vaughn, B. E., Posada, G., & Verissimo, M. (2019). Secure base scripts and social competence in preschool children. Attachment & Human Development, 21(3).

  • Vaughn, B. E., Posada, G., Verissimo, M., Lu, T., & Nichols, O. (2019). Assessing and quantifying the secure base script from narratives produced by preschool age children: Justification and validation tests. Attachment & Human Development, 21, 225-237.

  • Lu, T., Posada, G., Trumbell, J. M., & Anaya, L. (2018). Maternal sensitivity and co-construction skills: Concurrent and longitudinal associations with preschoolers’ secure base behavior. In G. Posada & H. S. Waters (Eds.), The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83, (4, Serial No. 331), 74-90.

  • Posada, G., & Anaya, L. (2018). Emotional ties between parents and children across the lifespan. In E. Dulcey & C. J. Parales (Eds.), Aging: From birth to death (pp. 95-108). Bogotá: Siglo del Hombre Editores.

  • Posada, G., Trumbell, J. M., Lu, T., & Kaloustian, G. (2018). The organization of attachment behavior in early childhood: Links with maternal sensitivity and child attachment representations. In G. Posada & H. S. Waters (Eds.), The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83(4, Serial No. 331), 35-59.

  • Posada, G., & Waters, H. S. (2018). Co-constructing a secure base partnership: Mother-child interactions, communication, and script representations. In G. Posada & H. S. Waters (Eds.), The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83,(4, Serial No. 331), 121-134.

  • Posada, G., & Waters, H. S. (2018). Secure base behavior, co-construction, and attachment scripts. In G. Posada & H. S. Waters (Eds.), The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83(4, Serial No. 331), 22-34.

  • Posada, G., & Waters, H. S. (2018). The co-construction of mother-child attachment relationships in early childhood. In G. Posada & H. S. Waters (Eds.), The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83(4, Serial No. 331), 7-21.

  • Posada, G., & Waters, H. S. (2018). The mother-child attachment partnership in early childhood: Secure base behavioral and representational processes [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 83(4).

  • Trumbell, J. M., Hibel, L. C., Mercado, E., & Posada, G. (2018). The impact of marital withdrawal and secure base script knowledge on mothers’ and fathers’ parenting. Journal of Family Psychology, 32, 699-709.

  • Posada, G., & Trumbell, J. (2017). Universality and cultural specificity in child-mother attachment relationships: In search for answers. In S. Gojman & C. Herreman (Eds.), Attachment across clinical and cultural contexts (30-52). New York: Routledge. 

  • Posada, G., Trumbell, J., Noblega, J., Plata, S., Peña, P., & Carbonell, O. A. (2016). Maternal sensitivity and child secure base use in early childhood: Studies in different cultural contexts. Child Development, 87, 297-311.

  • Posada, G., Walker, D. I., Cardin, J. F., Nyaronga, D., Schwarz, R., & MacDermid Wadsworth, S. (2015). Maternal perspectives on deployment and child-mother relationships in military families. Family Relations, 64, 651-664.

  • Posada, G., Carbonell, O. A., Plata, S. J., Perez, J., & Peña, P. A. (2014). The attachment Q-set: A tool to evaluate behavioral organization and security in attachment relationships. In B. Torres, J. Causadias, & G. Posada (Eds.), Attachment theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 151-175). Madrid: Psimatica.

  • Posada, G., & Waters, E. (2014). The caregiving behavioral system: Sensitivity and secure base support. In B. Torres, J. Causadias, & G. Posada (Eds.), Attachment theory, research, and clinical applications (pp. 75-97). Madrid: Psimatica

  • Torres, B., Causadias, J., & Posada, G. (2014). Attachment theory, research, and clinical applications. Edited book. Madrid: Psimática.

  • Causadias, J. M., & Posada, G. (2013). The relevance of cross-national studies on early attachment: Research advances in Latin America. Bulletin of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, 63, 18-21.

  • Karakurt, G., Keiley, M., & Posada, G. (2013). Intimate relationship aggression in college couples: Family-of-origin violence, egalitarian attitude, attachment security. Journal of Family Violence, 28, 561-575. doi:10.1007/s10896-013-9526-9.

  • Posada, G. (2013). Piecing together the sensitivity construct: Ethology and cross-cultural research. Journal of Attachment and Human Development, 15, 637-656. doi:10.1080/14616734.2013.842753

  • Posada, G., Lu, T., Trumbell, J., Kaloustian, G., Trudel, M., Plata, S., Peña, P., Perez, J., Tereno, S., Dugravier, R., Coppola, G., Costantini, A., Cassiba, R., Kondo-Ikemura, K., Noblega, M., Haya, M. I., Pedraglio, C., Verissimo, M., Santos, A. J., Monteiro, L., & Lay, K. L. (2013). Is the secure base phenomenon evident here, there, and anywhere? A cross-cultural study of child behavior and experts’ definitions. Child Development, 84, 1896-1905. doi:10.1111/cdev.12084

  • Posada, G., Longoria, N., Cocker, C., & Lu, T. (2011). Child-caregiver attachment ties in military families: Mothers’ view on interactions with their preschooler, stress, and social competence. In S. MacDermid-Wadsworth (Ed.), Stress in U.S. military families, pp. 131-147. New York: Springer.

  • Posada, G., & Lu, T. (2011). Individual-mother attachment relationships: A life-span phenomenon. In K. L. Fingerman & T. C. Antonucci (Eds.), Handbook of lifespan development, pp. 87-115. New York: Springer.

  • Wachs, T. D., Posada, G., Carbonell, O. A., Creed-Kanashiro, H., & Gurkas, P. (2011). Infant nutrition and 12 and 18 months secure base behavior: An exploratory study. Infancy, 91-111.

  • Posada, G. (2010). Attachment in infancy. In G. Bremner & T. Wachs (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell handbook of infant development, 1, pp. 483-509. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

  • Posada, G. (2008). Attachment in infancy and early childhood. In M. Haith & J. Benson (Eds.), Encyclopedia of infant and early childhood development, 1, pp. 96-106. London: Elsevier. Reprinted in 2009.

  • Posada, G., & Pratt, D. M. (2008). Physical aggression in the family and attachment security in preschoolers. Journal of Family and Marital Therapy, 34, 14-27.

  • Posada, G., Jacobs, A., Richmond, M., & Kaloustian, G. (2007). Maternal secure base support and preschoolers’ secure base behavior in natural environments. Journal of Attachment and Human Development, 9, 393-411.

  • Vaughn, B. E., Copolla, G., Verissimo, M., Montiero, L., Posada, G., Carbonell, O. A.,  Plata, S. J., Waters, H., Bost, K. K., McBride, B., & Korth, B. (2007). Coordination between the organization of mothers’ secure base knowledge and their children’s secure base behavior at home. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 31, 65-76.

  • Moreno, A. J., Posada, G., & Goldyn, D. T. (2006). Presence and quality of touch influence co-regulation in mother-infant dyads. Infancy, 9, 1-20.

  • Posada, G. (2006). Assessing attachment security at age three: Q-sort observations and the MacArthur Strange Situation adaptation. Social Development, 15(4), 644-658.

  • Posada, G., & Pratt, D. M. (2005). Child-mother secure base relationships and culture. Psicoterapia, 10, 133-142.

  • Posada, G. (2004). Attachment theory and cross-cultural research. In C. Juarez  (Ed.), Anthology of cross cultural studies on child-mother attachment relationships, (pp. 13-21). Mexico: Universidad Pedagogica Nacional Press.

  • Posada, G., Carbonell, O. A., Alzate, G., & Plata, S. J. (2004). Through Colombian  lenses: Ethnographic and conventional analyses of maternal care and their associations with secure base behavior. Developmental Psychology, 40, 508-518.

  • Posada, G., Jacobs, A., Richmond, M., Carbonell, O. A., Alzate, G., Bustamante, M. R., & Quiceno, J. (2002). Maternal caregiving and infant security in two cultures. Developmental Psychology, 38, 67-78.

  • Posada, G., & Jacobs, A. (2001). Child-mother attachment relationships and culture. American Psychologist, 56, 821-822.

  • Posada, G., Jacobs, A., Carbonell, O. A., Alzate, G., Bustamante, M. R., & Arenas, A. (1999). Maternal care and attachment security in ordinary and emergency contexts. Developmental Psychology, 35, 1379-1388.

  • Crowell, J., Waters, E., Treboux, D., O'Connor, E., Colon-Downs, C., Feider, O., Golby, B., & Posada, G. (1996). Discriminant validity of the adult attachment interview. Child Development, 67, 2584-2599.

  • Posada, G., Gao, Y., Fang, W., Posada, R., Tascon, M., Schoelmerich, A., Sagi, A., Kondo-Ikemura, K., Ylaland, W., & Synnevaag, B. (1995). The secure-base phenomenon across cultures: Children's behavior, mothers' preferences, and experts' concepts. In E. Waters, B. Vaughn, G. Posada, and K. Kondo-Ikemura (Eds.), Caregiving, cultural and cognitive perspectives on secure-base behavior and working models: New growing points of attachment theory and research [Monograph] Society for Research in Child Development, 60(2-3), 27-48.

  • Posada, G., Waters, E., Crowell, J., & Lay, K. L.  (1995). Is it easier to use a secure mother as a secure base? Attachment q-set correlates of the adult attachment interview. In E. Waters, B. Vaughn, G. Posada, & K. Kondo-Ikemura (Eds.), Caregiving, cultural and cognitive perspectives on secure-base behavior and working models: New growing points of attachment theory and research [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 60(2-3), 133-145.

  • Waters, E., Vaughn, B., Posada, G., & Kondo-Ikemura, K. (1995). Caregiving, cultural  and cognitive perspectives on secure-base behavior and working models: New growing points of attachment theory and research [Monograph]. Society for Research in Child Development, 60(2-3).

Education

  • Post-Doctoral Research Associate, 1990-1994, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

  • PhD in Developmental Psychology, December 1990, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

  • MA in Developmental Psychology, August 1986, State University of New York at Stony Brook.

Teaching Experience

  • Child Development

  • Developmental Processes during Childhood.

  • Life-span Development

  • Attachment Relationships Across The Life-Span

  • Education abroad: Children & Families in Latin-America

  • Developmental Assessment

  • Theory Construction In Child And Family Study

Honors

  • 1999 -  Recognition Award for outstanding teaching and support to undergraduates with special needs.

  • 2004 - The Bowlby-Ainsworth Award

          For observational studies of maternal sensitivity and infant secure base behavior across cultures.
          The Bowlby-Ainsworth award recognizes founders and singular contributions to the Bowlby-
          Ainsworth tradition of attachment theory and research.

  • 2006 -  Nomination for the Mary L. Matthews Outstanding Teaching Award

  • 2007 -  Nomination for the Mary L. Matthews Outstanding Teaching Award

External Grants

  • Child-mother secure base relationship processes and social competence in early childhood: A cross-cultural perspective. National Science Foundation – CAREER Award. 2007-2013. PI.

  • Inter-parental conflict, maternal behavior, and mother-child physiology. NIHCD-National Institutes of Health. 2011-2013. Co-I (PI Leah Hibel, Ph.D.)

  • Talk, Listen, Connect II Evaluation. Sesame Workshop. 2008-2010. PI.

  • Early infant-mother skin-to-skin contact: Relations to quality of care and secure base behavior in a high risk sample. Center for Mental Health Promotion, New York.  2004-2007.  PI.

  • An intervention model in early infant-mother attachment relationships. Colciencias and Javeriana University. 2000-2002. Co-I.

  • The transition to parenthood. The Hunts Alternatives Fund. 1996-1997. PI.

Professional Service and Experience

  • Consulting editor, Early Childhood Research Quarterly

  • Ad-hoc reviewer for Developmental Psychology, Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Journal of Attachment and Human Development, Journal of Family Psychology, Journal of Gerontology, Infant Mental Health Journal, Social Development, and Traumatology

  • Grant reviewer for COLCIENCIAS, the Colombian Institute for the Advancement of the Sciences

  • Reviewer for the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development

  • Co-organizer and current contributor to the research program on attachment relationships at the Department of Psychology, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia 1996-present

German Posada

Associate Department Head and Professor

(Pronouns: he/him/his)

Faculty Associate:
   Center for Families

(PhD, State University of New York at Stony Brook)

Hanley Hall, Room 248
Purdue University
1202 West State St.
West Lafayette, Indiana  47907-2055

Phone: 765-494-1029
Fax: 765-496-1144
gposada@purdue.edu

Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, (765) 494-4600

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