Neuroscience and Social Relations

Identifying the neural, biomarker, psychological, and physical outcomes of inclusion

Most of us have experienced both social inclusion and exclusion at some point in our lives--but the experience is different for each of us. A preponderance of research indicates that the outcomes of exclusion are tangible, with social exclusion manifesting effects akin to physical pain. Less research has been conducted examining the effects of inclusion; specifically whether inclusion only buffers against risk factors or instead boosts health and well-being. Although negative interactions with others can be extremely painful, positive interactions can enhance well-being and protect us against personal challenges and setbacks. Moreover, close relationships can amplify the experiences we may have with acquaintances or strangers. This group works to understand these effects in the forms of:

  • Tracing the neural pathways and identifying biomakers related to the physical and psychological processes of inclusion and exclusion
  • Unpacking the intra-psychic and physiological experience of inclusion vs exclusion across contexts and individuals 
  • Theoretically and practically operationalizing the nomenclature of inclusion and exclusion phenomena (e.g., inclusion, connectedness, social pain, social evaluation)
  • Identifying specific factors that influence inclusivity, belonging, and thriving in intimate relationships
  • Applying relationship science to realms beyond close relationships

Meetings are currently facilitated by Dan Foti ( and Melissa Franks (

Meetings Schedule

Next meeting: TBD (see monthly calendar)

All are welcome to informally attend. To formally register with the Consortium, contact .

*All meetings are subject to change. Please check the Consortium's calendar for the most up-to-date information.


Purdue University, 610 Purdue Mall, West Lafayette, IN 47907, (765) 494-4600

© 2017 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by the College of Health and Human Sciences

Trouble with this page? Disability-related accessibility issue? Please contact the Consortium at