Advanced Ground-Vehicle Power - Energy Center - Purdue University

Advanced Ground-Vehicle Power

Hybrid Vehicle Systems Certificate

Advanced Ground-Vehicle Power Brochure (PDF)

Focus Areas

Advanced Engine Aftertreatment for Ultra-low NOx and PM Emissions

  • Regeneration control algorithms for diesel particulate filters using high-bandwidth pressure sensing.
  • Crack detection in diesel particulate filters using spectral signal processing techniques.
  • Chemical and transport models for NOx traps including the investigation of detailed kinetic and chemical transformation mechanisms.
  • Experimental determination of kinetic parameters for processes occurring during NOx trapping.
  • Determination of benchmark parameter models of aftertreatment devices.

Modeling and Control of Advanced Internal Combustion Engines

  • Closed-loop control and modeling (both multi-dimensional CFD and control-oriented) of advanced combustion for high efficiency and ultra-low NOx/PM emissions:
    • Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI).
    • Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI).
    • Camless valve actuation.
  • Fuel-flexible combustion for clean and efficient use of:
    • Conventional fuels–gasoline, diesel.
    • Alternative fuels–biodiesel, ethanol, coal-to-liquid fuels, gas-to-liquid fuels, natural gas, hydrogen.
  • Comprehensive multidimensional CFD modeling of sprays and combustion in engines and aftertreatment systems:
    • Clean diesel engines.
    • Alternative engine/aftertreatment concepts.
    • Advanced spray strategies.

Hydraulic Hybridization of Vehicle Powertrains

The focus is on new transmission concepts including advanced power train control strategies for off-road and on-road vehicles The goal of the research is to investigate ways to drastically reduce fuel consumption and emissions for different kinds of vehicles. The research activities include:

  • Modeling and simulating of power trains using PSDD, an in house MATLAB/Simulink Library.
  • Performance prediction, including fuel consumption.
  • New circuit solutions for continuously variable transmissions and hydraulic hybrids.
  • Advanced power train controls.
  • Hardware-in-the-loop testing of powertrains.
  • Energy recovery.

Electric Hybridization of Vehicle Powertrains

  • Multi-objective design of electric machinery.
  • Modeling and analysis of power electronic systems.
  • Distributed heterogeneous computing.
  • Minimization of acoustic noise and vibration from electric machinery.
  • Prognostics and health management of electric drives.
  • Electronically controlled continuously variable transmission (CVT) design.
  • Powertrain control strategies for economy, emissions, and performance.
  • Flywheel design and energy storage.
  • Modeling for and control of power flow in hybrid systems and hybrid electric vehicles.

Powertrain Prognostics And Diagnostics

  • Modeling and prediction for reliability in powertrain drivelines, transmissions, and wheel ends:
    • Rotordynamic modeling of drivelines and wheels for hybrid vehicle development and torsional analysis.
    • Fault diagnostics in powertrains to support durability testing and fault-tolerant control strategies.
    • Prognosis of powertrain performance to enable durability predictions and life-extending control.
  • Development of On-Board Diagnostic (OBD) algorithms to detect and isolate emissions faults.
  • Crack detection in diesel particulate filters.

Noise Control for Vehicle Powertrains

  • Acoustic modeling and noise control for vehicle powertrains.
    Modeling of sound sources and sound transmission.
  • Experimental techniques for power train noise evaluation and model development.
  • Pass-by noise diagnostics and visualization.
  • Design of noise control materials, acoustic barriers and enclosures.
  • Sound quality and environmental noise impact modeling.
  • Evaluation of friction material for braking performance and reduction of friction-induced vibrations/noise in braking systems.


John Abraham profile picture

John Abraham

Mechanical Engineering (Adjunct)
Multidimensional spray & combustion modeling
Douglas Adams profile picture

Douglas Adams

Mechanical Engineering (Adjunct)
Leak detection; valve, driveline & wheel M&S and diagnostics
Dionysios Aliprantis profile picture

Dionysios Aliprantis

Electrical and Computer Engineering
Motor and generator design; Power electronics; Plug-in electric vehicles
J Bolton profile picture

J Bolton

Mechanical Engineering
Noise control and source visualization
James Caruthers profile picture

James Caruthers

Chemical Engineering
Temperature and discharge rates; Catastrophic failure
Patricia Davies profile picture

Patricia Davies

Mechanical Engineering
Sound quality
Suresh Garimella profile picture

Suresh Garimella

Mechanical Engineering
Thermal management, and Power Electronics Cooling
Konstantina Gkritza profile picture

Nadia Gkritza

Civil Engineering
Transportation Planning; Economics & modeling; transportation energy & sustainability
Charles Krousgrill profile picture

Charles Krousgrill

Mechanical Engineering
Disc brake M&S
John Lumkes profile picture

John Lumkes

Agricultural and Biological Engineering
Design of hydraulic valve actuation systems
Peter Meckl profile picture

Peter Meckl

Mechanical Engineering
Engine and aftertreatment diagnostics
Issam Mudawar profile picture

Issam Mudawar

Mechanical Engineering
Heat transfer & recovery
Steven Pekarek profile picture

Steven Pekarek

Electrical and Computer Engineering
Motor & generator design, power electronics
Fabio Ribeiro profile picture

Fabio Ribeiro

Graduate School
Chemical Engineering
Electrocatalysis; H2 for biofuel production; Water gas shift catalysis biofuel production; Water gas shift catalysts
Farshid Sadeghi profile picture

Farshid Sadeghi

Mechanical Engineering
Lube lab on a chip, tribology in transmission
Maryam Saeedifard profile picture

Maryam Saeedifard

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Adjunct)
Power electronics
Michael Sangid profile picture

Michael Sangid

Aeronautics and Astronautics
"Thermoelectric and solid-state thermionic materials
Gregory Shaver profile picture

Gregory Shaver

Mechanical Engineering
Engine design; Modeling & control; Variable valve actuation & alternative fuels
John Starkey profile picture

John Starkey

Official Retiree
Power train & continuous variable transmission designs
Scott Sudhoff profile picture

Scott Sudhoff

Electrical and Computer Engineering (Adjunct
Motor & generator design, power electronics
Oleg Wasynczuk profile picture

Oleg Wasynczuk

Electrical and Computer Engineering
Distributed heterogeneous simulation, motors, power electronics & systems
Haiyan Zhang profile picture

Haiyan Zhang

School of Engineering Technology
Transmissions; Power-split

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