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College of Science

Biological Sciences


This program is designed to allow for a broad foundation in the biological sciences while providing sufficient free electives for the student to explore and develop additional interests. The student is given maximum flexibility in designing a plan of study that may contain courses from a wide variety of biology disciplines.

Biology Major Requirements — 15 credits

In addition to the requirements listed under "General Degree Requirements" 15 credits in the upper-division courses listed in group A, group B and laboratory courses are required to complete a biology major. These credits must include at least one laboratory course and at least one course from each group as a minimum distribution requirement.

Group A  
Select from the following:  
BIOL 39500 (Macromolecules)* (3 cr.); BIOL 41500 (Introduction to Molecular Biology) (3 cr.); BIOL 41600 (Viruses and Viral Disease) (3 cr.); BIOL 42000 (Eukaryotic Cell Biology) (3 cr.); BIOL 43600 (Introduction to Neurobiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 43800 (General Microbiology)* (3 cr.); BIOL 43900 (Laboratory in Microbiology)* (2 cr.); BIOL 44400 (Human Genetics) (3 cr.); BIOL 44600 (Cellular Microbiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 47800 (Introduction to Bioinformatics) (3 cr.); BIOL 48100 (Eukaryotic Genetics) (3 cr.); BIOL 49500 (Biological and Structural Aspects of Drug Design and Action) (3 cr.); BIOL 51100 (Introduction to X-Ray Crystallography) (3 cr.); BIOL 51400 (Laboratory in Crystallography) (2 cr.); BIOL 51600 (Molecular Biology of Cancer) (3 cr.); BIOL 51700 (Molecular Biology: Proteins) (2 cr.); BIOL 52900 (Bacterial Physiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 53300 (Medical Microbiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 53800 (Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Neurobiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 54100 (Molecular Genetics of Bacteria) (3 cr.); BIOL 54900 (Microbial Ecology) (2 cr.); BIOL 55000 (Plant Molecular Biology) (3 cr.); BIOL 56200 (Neural Systems) (3 cr.); BIOL 57300 (The Molecular Biology of Animal Cells) (3 cr.); BIOL 59500 (Protein Bioinformatics) (2 cr.); BIOL 59500 (Methods and Measurements in Physical Biochemistry) (3 cr.); BIOL 59500 (Practical Biocomputing) (3 cr.); BIOL 59500 (Practical Biocomputing) (3 cr.) 2-3 cr.
BCHM 56100 (General Biochemistry I)† (3 cr.); BCHM 56200 (General Biochemistry II) (3 cr.); BCHM 57200 (Advanced Biochemical Techniques) (2-4 cr.) 2-4 cr.
CHM 53300 (Introductory Biochemistry)† (3 cr.) 3 cr.
Group B  
Select from the following:  
BIOL 30100 (Human Design: Anatomy and Physiology 1‡ (3 cr.); BIOL 30200 (Human Design: Anatomy and Physiology 2)‡ (3 cr.); BIOL 32800 (Principles of Development)* (4 cr.); BIOL 36600 (Principles of Physiology)* (4 cr.); BIOL 43200 (Reproductive Physiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 48300 (Environmental and Conservation Biology) (3 cr.); BIOL 49300 (Introduction to Ethology) (3 cr.); BIOL 53700 (Immunobiology) (3 cr.); BIOL 55900 (Endocrinology) (3 cr.); BIOL 58000 (Evolution) (3 cr.); BIOL 58500 (Ecology) (3 cr.); BIOL 58705 (Animal Communication) (3 cr.); BIOL 59100 (Field Ecology) (4 cr.); BIOL 59200 (The Evolution of Behavior) (3 cr.); BIOL 59500 (Developmental Biology) (3 cr.); BIOL 59700 (Sex and Evolution) (3 cr.); BIOL 59900 (Quantitative Physiology) (3 cr.); HORT 30100 (Plant Physiology) (4 cr.) 3-4 cr.
Laboratory Courses  
Select from the following:  

BIOL 43900 (Laboratory in General Microbiology) (2 cr.); BIOL 44201 (Introductory Module: Protein Expression)§ (2 cr.); BIOL 44202 (Animal Physiology)§ (2 cr.); BIOL 44203 (Bacterial Synthetic Biology Laboratory)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44204 (Animal Cell Culture)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44205 (Introduction to LabVIEW)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44207 (Exploration of Protein Structure)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44208 (DNA Sequencing Laboratory)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44209 (Exploring the Living Cell)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44210 (Introduction to DNA Sequences)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44211 (Laboratory in Anatomy and Physiology)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44212 (Microscopy and Cell Biology)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 44214 (Microbial Pathogenesis)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 54200 (Laboratory in Neurophysiology)§ (1 cr.); BIOL 59100 (Field Ecology) (4 cr.)

1-4 cr.
BIOL 49400 (Biology Research) or BIOL 49900 (Biology Honors Thesis Research), taken during the junior or senior years can be used as partial fulfillment of the 15-elective-hour requirement. However, these credits cannot be used to fulfill the minimum distribution requirement or the laboratory requirement.  

Students who anticipate working immediately after earning a B.S. in biology should consider supplementing departmental requirements with courses in applied areas. Advisors can make specific recommendations.

If BIOL 43900 is used as part of the intermediate requirement, the laboratory portion of the 15-credit requirement is waived. Fifteen other credits of biology are still required.

* If this course is used for the intermediate requirement, it may not be used for the 15-credit requirement. 

† These courses may be used as biology electives or to meet the chemistry requirement, but not both.

‡ If both BIOL 30100 and 30200 are completed, three of the six credits will count toward the 15-credit requirement. The other three credits will count as free electives. If only BIOL 30100 or 30200 is completed, the credits will count only as free-elective credits.

§ Students who choose to meet the laboratory requirement for the biology major with modular upper-division laboratory courses must take BIOL 44201 (Introduction to Protein Expression) and one additional 442XX or 54200 module. Advisors will have the complete list of available modules for any given semester.