How Do I Attract Wildlife To My Backyard?
You can make your backyard more attractive
to wildlife regardless of your yard’s size and location. Making minor adjustments
in your plant selection and placement is a great start. The key
is to have sufficient quantities of the proper food, cover, and
water to meet species’ basic needs. Arrangement of these
requirements is also important. Planning for backyard wildlife
habitat is unique in that you need to supply these basic requirements
but it must conform and integrate with your landscape design. Homeowners
living in more rural habitats that are surrounded by habitats including
woodlands, wetlands, or meadows will be able to attract many wildlife
species. Homeowners with smaller lots in urban areas, however,
can still attract wildlife including chipmunks, tree squirrels,
and some songbirds.
A basic tenet of attracting wildlife is diversity. Maximize the
number of plant species in your yard. Favor a mixture of plants
with varying timing of blooms and fruit, height, and structure.
Intersperse wildlife-friendly trees with other habitat components
like shrubs, wildflowers, vines, and water sources.
There are a variety of bird, mammal, amphibian, reptile and insect
species that may want to call your back yard home. While each species
has specific food requirements, providing an abundance of common
food categories, including insects, seeds, green vegetation, fruits,
nuts, and nectar will appeal to the broadest array of wildlife
species. All animals need some source of water near the place they
call home. If a permanent water supply is not present near your
yard, the addition of a backyard pond or birdbath can provide this
needed feature to your landscape. Favor large trees with cavities
in your yard; nest boxes may supplement natural cavities. Tall
shrubs and conifer trees around your home will provide nesting
habitat and winter cover for many songbirds.
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