There are several components of effective Data Security: Confidentiality, Availability, Integrity, Criticality, Privacy, and Intellectual Property Rights.
Data Confidentiality is the concept of protecting the secrecy of information in storage, transit, or use.
Data Availability is the concept of the concept of having the data accessible by authorized individuals or entities when and where it is needed.
Data Integrity relates to the accuracy and completeness of information. Integrity ensures that information cannot be modified in unexpected ways. Loss of integrity could result from human error or intentional tampering.
Data Criticality is a concept that defines the degree of importance and level of dependency on the data. This degree of importance is defined by data volatility, the impact upon the organization if a system were unavailable, and the protection requirements against software destruction.
Data Privacy includes the right of individuals and organizations to control the collection, storage, and disclosure of their information or information about themselves.
Intellectual Property Rights includes the assignment and protection of patents, copyrights, industrial designs, trade secrets, authorized use, and license agreements.