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Export control regulations are intended to control the export, re-export, or deemed export of certain commodities, software, technical data, defense data, defense services, and fiscal resources to foreign countries. There are four principal sources of export control regulations that may impact research at Purdue University.
Export Administration Regulations (EAR) administered by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce control the export of dual use technologies (i.e. items that are used or have the potential to be used, for military as well as non-military purposes) if such export could adversely affect the national interests of the United States. Items which are subject to the EAR are listed in the Commerce Control List (CCL).
International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) administered by the Office of Defense Trade Controls of the U.S. Department of State controls the export of "defense articles" and "defense services". "Defense articles" include any item or technical data on the United States Munitions List (USML), and "defense services" include the furnishing of assistance to foreign persons, whether or not in the United States, with respect to defense articles, and the furnishing of any technical data associated with a defense article.
Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) Country Sanctions administered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury. Country Sanctions administered by OFAC vary by country subject to the sanctions and range from control of the assets of individual named persons to more extensive restrictions on exchange of data, software, currency, goods and services with citizens or other entities associated with the sanctioned country.
Denied Persons Lists Several agencies of the U.S. government have established Denied Persons Lists that identify individuals and business entities to whom export controlled technical data, software, defense articles and services, and other commodities can not be transferred.