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What are psych majors expected to learn?

The American Psychological Association publishes guidelines for undergraduate majors in Psychology. The most recent guidelines published in 2013 describe 5 learning goals for current Psychology majors. The 5 major goals (taken from APA's guidelines):

Goal 1: Knowledge Base in Psychology

Students should demonstrate fundamental knowledge and comprehension of the major concepts, theoretical perspectives, historical trends, and empirical findings to discuss how psychological principles apply to behavioral problems.

Goal 2: Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking

The skills in this domain involve the developmen of scientific reasoning and problem solving, including effective research methods.

Goal 3: Ethical and Social Responsibility in a Diverse World

The skills in this domain involve the developmen of ethically and socially responsible behaviors for professional and personal settings in a landscape that involves increasing diversity.

Goal 4: Communication

Students should demonstrate competence in writing and in oral and interpersonal communication skills.

Goal 5: Professional Development

The emphasis in this goal is on application of psychology-specific content and skills, effective self-reflection, project-management skills, teamwork skills, and career preparation.