Kip Williams

Degree: Ph.D. The Ohio State University, 1981

Research Interests:

My interests lie broadly in group processes and social influence. My specific research topics include ostracism, group motivation, and tactics of influence.

Recent Publications:

Riva, P., Wirth, J. H., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The consequences of pain: The social and physical pain overlap on psychological responses. European Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 681-687.

Williams, K. D. & Nida, S. A. (2011). Ostracism: Consequences and coping. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 20, 71-75.

Van Beest, I., & Williams, K. D. (2011). “Why hast thou forsaken me?”: The effect of thinking about being ostracized by God on well-being and prosocial behavior. Social Psychology and Personality Science, 2, 379-386.

Van Beest, I., Williams, K. D., & van Dijk, E. (2011). Cyberbomb: Effects of being ostracized from a death game. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 14, 581-596.

Prislin, R., Sawicki, V., & Williams, K. D. (2011). New majorities' abuse of power: Effects of perceived control and social support. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 14, 489-504.

Hawkley, L. C., Williams, K. D., & Cacioppo, J. T. (2011). Responses to ostracism across adulthood. Social, Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 6, 234-243.

Sacco, D., Wirth, J. H., Hugenberg, K., Chen, Z., & Williams, K. D. (2011). The world in black and white: Ostracism enhances the categorical perception of social information. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47, 836-842.

Forgas, J. P., Kruglanski, A., & Williams, K. D. (Eds.) (2011). Social conflict and aggression. NY: Psychology Press.

Williams, K. D. & Wesselmann, E. D. (2011). Ostracism and aggression. In J. Forgas, A. Kruglanski, & K. D. Williams (Eds.), Social conflict and aggression (pp. 37-52). New York: Psychology Press.

Wesselmann, E. D. & Williams, K. D. (2011). Ostracism in Cyberspace: Being ignored and excluded in electronic-based interactions. In Birchmeier, Z., Dietz-Uhler, B, and Stasser, G. (Eds.), Strategic Use of Technology (pp. 127-144). New York: Cambridge.

Van Beest, I., Carter-Sowell, A. R., van Dijk, E., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Groups being ostracized by groups: Is the pain shared, is recovery quicker, and are groups more likely to be aggressive? Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 16, 241-254.

Wesselmann, E. D., Nairne, J. S., & Williams, K. D. (2012). An evolutionary social psychology approach to studying the effects of ostracism. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 6, 308-327.

Kassner, M., Wesselmann, E., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Virtually ostracized: Studying ostracism in immersive virtual environments. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15, 399-403.

IJzerman, H., Gallucci, M., Pouw, W. T. J. L., Weißgerber, S. C., van Doesum, N. J.,& Williams, K. D. (2012). Cold-blooded loneliness: Social exclusion leads to lower skin temperature. Acta Psychologica, 140, 283-288.

Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Mroczek, D. K., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Dial a feeling: Detecting moderation of affect decline during ostracism. Personality and Individual Differences, 53, 580-586.

Schaafsma, J. & Williams, K. D. (2012). Exclusion, intergroup hostility, and religious fundamentalism. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 829-837.

Nezlek, J., B., Wesselmann, E., Wheeler, L., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Ostracism in everyday life. Group Dynamics, 16, 91-94.

Chen, Z. & Williams, K. D. (2012). Pain in the future: Mental imagery can lead to hurtful feelings. European Journal of Social Psychology: Special issue on Mental Time Travel, 42, 314-317.

Saylor, C. F., Nida, S. A., Williams, K. D., Taylor, L. A., Smyth, W., Twyman, K. A., Macias, M. M., & Spratt, E. G. (2012). Bullying and ostracism screening scales (BOSS): Development and applications. Children’s Health Care, 41, 322-343.

Hawes, D. J., Zadro, L., Fink, E., Richardson, R., O’Moore, K., Griffiths, B., Dadds, M. R., & Williams, K. D. (2012). The effects of peer ostracism on children’s cognitive processes. The European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 9, 599-613.

Wesselmann, E. D., Cardoso, F., Slater, S., & Williams, K. D. (2012). “To be looked at as though air”: Civil attention matters. Psychological Science, 23, 166 168.

Williams, K. D. (2012). Ostracism: The impact of being rendered meaningless. In P. Shaver and M. Mikulincer (Eds.), Meaning, mortality, and choice: The social psychology of existential concerns (pp. 309-323). APA Press.

Wirth, J. H., Feldberg, F., Schouten, K., van den Hooff, B., & Williams, K. D. (2012). Using virtual game environments to study group behavior. In A. B. Hollingshead & M. S. Poole (Eds.), Research methods for studying groups: A behind-the-scenes guide (173-198). NY: Taylor & Francis/Routledge.

Molet, M., Macquet, B., Lefebvre, O., & Williams, K. D. (2013). A focused attention intervention for coping with ostracism. Consciousness and Cognition, 22, 1262-1270.

Ren, D., Wesselmann, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2013). Interdependent self-construal moderates coping with (but not the initial pain of) ostracism.Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 16, 320-326DOI: 10.1111/ajsp.12037.

Wesselmann, E. D.,Williams, K. D., & Hales, A. H. (2013). Vicarious ostracism. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, doi: 10:3389/fnhum.2013.00153.

Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., Wesselmann, E. D.,Williams, K. D., & Wirth, J. H. (2013). The influence of social norms upon behavioral expression of implicit and explicit weight-related stigma in an interactive game. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 86, 189-201.

Wesselmann, E. D., Ren, D., Swim, E., & Williams, K. D. (2013). Rumination hinders recovery from ostracism. International Journal of Developmental Science, 7, 33-39.

Saylor, C. F.,Williams, K. D., Nida, S. A., McKenna, M., Twomey, K., & Macias, M. M. (2013). Ostracism in pediatric populations: Review of theory and research. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 34, 279-287.

Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., & Williams, K. D. (2013). When do we ostracize? Social Psychology and Personality Science, 4, 108-115.

Wesselmann, E. D., Williams, K. D., & Hales, A. H. (2013). Vicarious ostracism. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2013.00153.

Wesselmann, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2013). Ostracism and stages of coping. In C. N. DeWall (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of social exclusion. New York: Oxford Press.

Riva, P., Wesselman, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Carter-Sowell, A. R., Williams, K. D. (2014). When pain does not heal: The common antecedents and consequences of chronic social and physical pain. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 36, 329-346.

Arriaga, X., Cappeza, N., Reed, J., Wesselmann, E., & Williams, K. D. (2014). With partners like you, who needs strangers? Ostracism involving a romantic partner. Personal Relationships. DOI: 10.1111/pere.12048

Wolf, W., Levordashka, A., Ruff, J., Kraaijeveld, S., & Williams, K. D. (2014). Ostracism Online: A social media ostracism paradigm. Behavioral Research Methods. DOI 10.3758/s13428-014-0475-x

Iannone, N. E., McCarty, M. K., Kelly, J. R., & Williams, K. D. (2014). Friends with each other but strangers to you: Source relationship softens ostracism’s blow. Group Dynamics: Research, Theory, & Practice, 18, 349-356.

Williams, K. D., & Nida, S. A. (2014). Ostracism and public policy. Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1, 38-45.

Wesselmann, E. D., Williams, K. D., Pryor, J. B., Eichler, F. A., Gill, D., & Hogue, J. D. (2014). Revisiting Schachter’s research on rejection, deviance, and communication (1951). Special issue on “Replications of Important Effects in Social Psychology,” Social Psychology, 45, 164-169.

Riva, P., Williams, K. D., Torstrick, A., & Montali, L. (2014). Orders to shoot (a Camera): Effects of ostracism on obedience. Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 208-216.

Miller, H. C., Bourrasseau, C., Williams, K. D., & Molet, M. (2014). There is no sweet escape from social pain: Glucose does not attenuate the effects of ostracism. Physiology and Behavior, 124, 8-14.

Riva, P., Williams, K. D., & Gallucci, M. (2014). The relationship between fear of social and physical threat and their effects on social distress and physical pain perception. Pain, 155, 485-493.

Wesselmann, E. D., Williams, K. D., Ren, D., & Hales, A. (2014). Social ostracism. In R. J. Coplan & J. C. Bowker (Eds.), Wiley-Blackwell handbook of solitude: Psychological perspectives on social isolation, social withdrawal, and being alone (pp. 224-241). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.

Wesselmann, E. D., Wirth, J. H., Pryor, J. B., Reeder, G. D., & Williams, K. D. (2015). The role of burden and deviation in ostracizing others. The Journal of Social Psychology, 155, 483-496.

Yaakobi, E., & Williams, K. D. (2015). Ostracism and attachment orientation: Avoidants are less affected in both individualistic and collectivistic cultures. British Journal of Social Psychology, DOI:10.1111/bjso.12122.

Meyer, M., Williams, K. D., & Eisenberger, N. I. (2015). Why social pain lives on: Different neural mechanisms are associated with reliving social and physical pain. PLOS ONE, 10.1371/journal.pone.0128294

Hartgerink, C. H. J., van Beest, I., Wicherts, J. M., & Williams, K. D. (2015). The ordinal effects of ostracism: A meta-analysis of 120 Cyberball studies. PLOS ONE, 10. e0127002. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127002

Hales, A. H., Williams, K. D., & Eckhardt, C. I. (2015). A participant walks into a bar... Subjective intoxication buffers ostracism’s negative effects. Social Psychology, 46, 157-166. doi:10.1027/1864-9335/a000235

Freedman, G., Williams, K. D., & Beer, J. S. (2016). Softening the blow of social exclusion for both targets and sources: The Responsive Theory of Social Exclusion. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(1570).

Hales, A. H., Wesselmann, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2016). Prayer, self-affirmation, and distraction improve recovery from short-term ostracism. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 64, 8-20.

Yaakobi, E. & Williams, K. D. (2016). Recalling an attachment event moderates distress after ostracism. European Journal of Personality, 30, 258-273.  

Hales, A. H., Wesselmann, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2016). Prayer, self-affirmation, and distraction improve recovery from short-term ostracism. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1-16.  

Ren, D., Wesselmann, E. D., & Williams, K. D. (2016). Evidence for another response to ostracism: Solitude seeking. Social Psychological and Personality Science. doi: 10.1177/1948550615616169.

Wesselmann, E. D., Grzybowski, M. R., Steakley-Freeman, D. M., DeSouza, E. R., Nezlek, J. B., & Williams, K. D. (2016). Social exclusion in everyday life. In P. Riva & J. Eck (Eds.) Social exclusion: Psychological approaches to understanding and reducing its impact (pp. 3-23). New York: Springer International: Switzerland.

Kip Williams

Distinguished Professor, Social Psychology

Mailing Address:
Department of Psychological Sciences
Purdue University
703 Third Street
West Lafayette, IN 47907-2081 USA

Campus Address:
Psychological Sciences, Room 2166

Telephone: (765) 494-0845

Psychological Sciences, 703 Third Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907, (765) 494-6061 FAX: (765) 496-1264

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