Timothy D. Sands
Acting President, Purdue University
Basil S. Turner Professor of Materials Engineering and Electrical & Computer Engineering
Phone: +1 765 49-66105
B.S., Engineering Physics/UC Berkeley/1980; M.S., Materials Science/UC Berkeley/1981; Ph.D., Materials Science/UC Berkeley/1984
Energy conversion materials and devices; nanostructured materials and nanofabrication; GaN heterostructures and light-emitting devices; solid-state lighting; nanostructured thermoelectric materials; solid-state power generators and cooling devices; chemical and physical vapor deposition; electrochemical synthsis of nanostructured materials; pulsed laser deposition; heterogeneous integration; contacts
Research Impact Statement:
Our research group specializes in nanostructured materials for energy conversion devices. Introducing surfaces and interfaces at length scales comparable to or smaller than characteristic wavelengths and scattering lengths of phonons, electrons and photons enables the design and fabrication of artificially-structured materials with properties and performance that expand the envelope defined by conventional bulk and thin-film materials. The potential impact of our research includes higher efficiency and lower cost LEDs for solid-state lighting; efficient solid-state generators that convert heat from any fuel, including biomass, to electric power; and solid-state cooling devices designed to replace compressor-based refrigeration for applications ranging from electronics to air conditioning in vehicles.
- FESEM images of nanostructured templates fabricated by a combination of electron-beam lithography (“top-down”) and anodization of aluminum (“bottom up”)
- Fabrication of palladium nanocubes by electrodeposition on single-walled carbon nanotubes grown from porous anodic alumina templates
- FESEM cross-sectional image of a Bi2Te3 nanowire array fabricated in a porous anodic alumina template
- Dark-field STEM image of GaN epitaxial film grown on (ZrN/AlN)metallized silicon for solid-state lighting applications
- Co-PI (PI: Tim Fisher), “Thermal and electrical characterization of carbon nanotube vias,” CTRC, $100,000, 1/1/08-12/31/09.
- Co-PI (PI: Tim Fisher), “US-India Workshop: Frontiers in Scalable Nanostructured Interface Materials,” NSF-OISE, $58,901, 6/15/08-6/14/10.
- PI for Purdue Subaward (with Co-PI A. Ramdas), “Nanostructured Metal/Semiconductor Materials for Thermoelectric Generators,” DARPA, Lead Institution: UC Santa Cruz, Lead PI: A. Shakouri. $430,000 for Purdue, 8/25/08-3/31/10.
- PI (Co-PI: Tim Fisher), “Thermoelectric power generation from waste heat in electronic systems,” CTRC, $80,000, 1/1/09-12/31/10.
- PI, “Copper-copper bonding for laminated thermoelectric elements,” ONR, $162,000, 1/1/09-12/31/09.
- PI, “Composition modulated nanowire arrays for thermoelectric power generation,” ONR, $381,442, 5/1/09-4/30/12.