Birck Nanotechnology Center

Nanophotonics and Optics

About the research

One of the most unique properties of light is that it can package information into a signal of zero mass and propagate it at the ultimate speed. It is, however, a daunting challenge to bring photonic devices to the nanometer scale because of the fundamental diffraction limit.
Metamaterials can focus light down to the nanoscale and thus enable a family of new nanophotonic devices. Metamaterials, i.e. artificial materials with rationally designed geometry, composition, and arrangement of nanostructured building blocks are opening a gateway to unprecedented electromagnetic properties and functionalities that are unattainable with naturally occurring materials. The innovative field of transformation optics, which is enabled by metamaterials, inspires researchers to take a fresh look at the very foundations of optics and create a new paradigm for the science of light. Similar to general relativity, where time and space are curved, transformation optics shows that the space for light can also be bent in an almost arbitrary way.
Most importantly, the optical space can be designed and engineered, opening the fascinating possibility of controlling light flow with nanometer spatial precision.


Principal Investigators

Boltasseva

Nanophotonics, Plasmonics, Optical Metamaterials; Nanofabrication, Nanolithography; Integrated optics and planar waveguide technology; Subwavelength Imaging, Sensing

Alexandra Boltasseva

Nanophotonics, Plasmonics, Optical Metamaterials; Nanofabrication, Nanolithography; Integrated optics and planar waveguide technology; Subwavelength Imaging, Sensing

Chen

Low dimensional and nanoscale physics, graphene, nano devices for radiation detection and fluid sensors, quantum physics and quantum information with cold atoms and molecules

Yong P. Chen

Low dimensional and nanoscale physics, graphene, nano devices for radiation detection and fluid sensors, quantum physics and quantum information with cold atoms and molecules.

 Jong Hyun Choi

Optical spectroscopy of nanomaterials, Diagnostics and therapeutics, Nanoscale energy conversion, Bio-inspired nanomotors

Jong Hyun Choi

Optical spectroscopy of nanomaterials, Diagnostics and therapeutics, Nanoscale energy conversion, Bio-inspired nanomotors

Joseph

We develop nanotools and single molecule methods to understand intracellular biological mechanisms and interactions in realtime in single living cells using single molecule fluorescence methods, plasmonic sensing, and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. We achieve this by integrating optics and instrumentation, nanomaterials with multifunctional properties, and single molecule and super-resolution fluorescence microscopy.

Joseph Irudayaraj

We develop nanotools and single molecule methods to understand intracellular biological mechanisms and interactions in realtime in single living cells using single molecule fluorescence methods, plasmonic sensing, and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. We achieve this by integrating optics and instrumentation, nanomaterials with multifunctional properties, and single molecule and super-resolution fluorescence microscopy.

kais

The research in our group is mainly devoted to developing new theoretical methods to treat quantum phase transitions, quantum criticality, quantum information and quantum computing, electronic structure and dynamics of molecules, clusters, quantum dots and extended systems.

Sabre Kais

The research in our group is mainly devoted to developing new theoretical methods to treat quantum phase transitions, quantum criticality, quantum information and quantum computing, electronic structure and dynamics of molecules, clusters, quantum dots and extended systems.

Malis

Semiconductor physics; intersubband transitions for infrared emission and detection; quantum cascade lasers; molecular-beam epitaxy of novel nanostructures; synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction; structural transformations in metallic nanoparticles

Oana Malis

Semiconductor physics; intersubband transitions for infrared emission and detection; quantum cascade lasers; molecular-beam epitaxy of novel nanostructures; synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction; structural transformations in metallic nanoparticles

Narimanov

Negative Index (Meta) materials,
Optical systems with ray-chaotic dynamics,
Information-theoretical description of nonlinear fiber-optical systems,
Non-linear dynamics

Evgenii Narimanov

Negative Index (Meta) materials,
Optical systems with ray-chaotic dynamics,
Information-theoretical description of nonlinear fiber-optical systems,
Non-linear dynamics

Qi

Nanotechnology, especially 3D nanofabrication and low-cost nanolithography; micro and nanophotonics, with emphasis on 3D photonic crystals and integrated Si photonic circuits; thermophotovoltaics and solar cells

Minghao Qi

Nanotechnology, especially 3D nanofabrication and low-cost nanolithography; micro and nanophotonics, with emphasis on 3D photonic crystals and integrated Si photonic circuits; thermophotovoltaics and solar cells

Ruan

Quantum dot solar cell materials, thermal radiation in photonic crystals, nano-thermoelectrics

Xiulin Ruan

Quantum dot solar cell materials, thermal radiation in photonic crystals, nano-thermoelectrics

Shalaev

Optical properties of nanostructured materials, nonlinear optics and spectroscopy, mesoscopic physics, quantum electronics and optoelectronics

Vladimir M. Shalaev

Optical properties of nanostructured materials, nonlinear optics and spectroscopy, mesoscopic physics, quantum electronics and optoelectronics

Xu

Prof. Xu's group develops advanced ultrafast optical and nanoscale optical technologies and apply them in (1) energy transfer study and (2) development of advanced manufacturing methods.

Xianfan Xu

Prof. Xu's group develops advanced ultrafast optical and nanoscale optical technologies and apply them in (1) energy transfer study and (2) development of advanced manufacturing methods.

Wei

The theme of the Wei research group is the synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials and interfaces with orthogonal function. Specific research interests include: multifunctional nanomaterials for biological and functional imaging; nanomagnetics and surface magnetism; optical sensors for pathogen detection; stimuli-responsive soft materials for environmental and tissue engineering; self-assembly and collective material properties of nanoscale ensembles.

Alexander Wei

The theme of the Wei research group is the synthesis of hybrid nanomaterials and interfaces with orthogonal function. Specific research interests include: multifunctional nanomaterials for biological and functional imaging; nanomagnetics and surface magnetism; optical sensors for pathogen detection; stimuli-responsive soft materials for environmental and tissue engineering; self-assembly and collective material properties of nanoscale ensembles.

Yang

Our research interest centers broadly on functional nanosystems with an emphasis on semiconductor nanowires. The research programs are currently focused on four major areas: (1) Controlled synthesis of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures; (2) Discovery of novel properties of nanostructures synthesized, with an emphasis on structural, electrical and optical properties; (3) Designing and developing unconventional devices based on nanomaterials for nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and energy applications; (4) Interfacing nanomaterials with biological systems to probe and/or regulate biological activities.

Chen Yang

Our research interest centers broadly on functional nanosystems with an emphasis on semiconductor nanowires. The research programs are currently focused on four major areas: (1) Controlled synthesis of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures; (2) Discovery of novel properties of nanostructures synthesized, with an emphasis on structural, electrical and optical properties; (3) Designing and developing unconventional devices based on nanomaterials for nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and energy applications; (4) Interfacing nanomaterials with biological systems to probe and/or regulate biological activities.

 

BNC/NCN affiliated publications

(see all)

Boardman, A.D., Grimalsky, V.V., Kivshar, Y.S., Koshevaya, S.V., Lapine, M., Litchinitser, N.M., Malnev, V.N., Noginov, M., Rapoport, Y.G. and Shalaev, V.M. Active and tunable metamaterials. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 5(2), 287-307.

Boltasseva, A. and Atwater, H.A. Low-Loss Plasmonic Metamaterials. Science, 331(6015), 290-291.

Ishii, S., Kildishev, A.V., Shalaev, V.M., Chen, K.P. and Drachev, V.P. Metal nanoslit lenses with polarization-selective design (vol 36, pg 451, 2011). Optics Letters, 36(7), 1244-1244.

Ni, X., Naik, G.V., Kildishev, A.V., Barnakov, Y., Boltasseva, A. and Shalaev, V.M. Effect of metallic and hyperbolic metamaterial surfaces on electric and magnetic dipole emission transitions. Applied Physics B-Lasers and Optics, 103(3), 553-558.

Parida, M.R., Vijayan, C., Rout, C.S., Sandeep, C.S.S., Phiip, R. and Deshmukh, P.C. Room Temperature Ferromagnetism and Optical Limiting in V(2)O(5) Nanoflowers Synthesized by a Novel Method. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(1), 112-117.

Prokopeva, L.J., Borneman, J.D. and Kildishev, A.V. Optical Dispersion Models for Time-Domain Modeling of Metal-Dielectric Nanostructures. IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, 47(5), 1150-1153.

Shalaev, V.M. and Pendry, J. Transformation optics. Journal of Optics, 13(2).

Shinohara, S., Harayama, T., Fukushima, T., Hentschel, M., Sunada, S. and Narimanov, E.E. Chaos-assisted emission from asymmetric resonant cavity microlasers. Physical Review A, 83(5).

Srisungsitthisunti, P., Ersoy, O.K. and Xu, X.F. Improving near-field confinement of a bowtie aperture using surface plasmon polaritons. Applied Physics Letters, 98(22).

 

BNC-affiliated grants and contracts

(see all)

Shalaev, Vladimir M., from Duke University, $620,250, "Transformation Optical Metamaterials."

Drachev, Vladimir P., from General Dynamics Information Tech Inc., $18,750, "Spectroscopic Ellipsometry of Optical Metamaterials."

Shalaev, Vladimir M., from Science & Technology Corp., $100,000, "Bi-spectral plasmonic obscurants."

Boltasseva, Alexandra, from Army Research Office, $50,000, "Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials."

Drachev, Vladimir P., from General Dynamics Information Tech Inc., $126,213, "Spectroscopic Ellipsometry of Optical Metamaterials."

Shalaev, Vladimir M., from University Of Central Florida, $60,833, "Field-Enhancing Plasmonic Nanomaterials."

 

BNC Research

 

For More Information,
Please Contact:

Monica M.C. Allain, Ph.D.
Managing Director
Ph: 765-494-5138
mallain@purdue.edu

 

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