Birck Nanotechnology Center

Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Devices

Joerg Appenzeller, Scientific Director of Nanoelectronics
Applying Nanoelectronics to Future Devices and Systems

About the research

With miniaturization of conventional electronics devices having reached the nanometer scale, nanoelectronics is an undeniable reality in today’s applications. Understanding all of the implications of “nano” when it comes to materials, devices and circuit aspects however is not a given at all. In particular, utilizing novel – often quantum mechanical – aspects of the nano-realm for electronics applications is an area that is still in its infancies. BNC researchers are exploring nanoelectronics aspects from a variety of different angles. The goal is to utilize “nano” through the study of nano-materials, nano-devices and nano-circuits to achieve improved or previously unattainable performance specs for various electronic applications.


Principal Investigators

Choi

Radiation Surface Science, Directed Radiation Synthesis, Plasma-surface interactions in fusion systems, Radiation interactions with soft matter, Ion scattering spectroscopy, Biocompatible magnetic nanostructures

Jean Paul Allain

Radiation Surface Science, Directed Radiation Synthesis, Plasma-surface interactions in fusion systems, Radiation interactions with soft matter, Ion scattering spectroscopy, Biocompatible magnetic nanostructures

Appenzeller

Device and transport physics of low-dimensional systems, experimental verification of novel device concept for improved transistor performance, exploration of nano-materials and nano-interfaces for future nanoelectronics applications

Joerg Appenzeller

Device and transport physics of low-dimensional systems, experimental verification of novel device concept for improved transistor performance, exploration of nano-materials and nano-interfaces for future nanoelectronics applications

Chen

Low dimensional and nanoscale physics, graphene, nano devices for radiation detection and fluid sensors, quantum physics and quantum information with cold atoms and molecules

Yong P. Chen

Low dimensional and nanoscale physics, graphene, nano devices for radiation detection and fluid sensors, quantum physics and quantum information with cold atoms and molecules

Chen

Exploration of physical properties of nano-materials; Control and manipulation of material properties to meet the needs of nano-electronic applications; Designing and fabricating novel nano-devices and circuits for various application fields.

Zhihong Chen

Exploration of physical properties of nano-materials; Control and manipulation of material properties to meet the needs of nano-electronic applications; Designing and fabricating novel nano-devices and circuits for various application fields.

cooper

Wide bandgap semiconductor devices, power switching devices, MOS device physics, graphene nanoelectronics

James A. Cooper

Wide bandgap semiconductor devices, power switching devices, MOS device physics, graphene nanoelectronics

datta

Nanoelectronics, Nanoscale electronic transport, Spin electronics, nanoscale energy conversion, molecular electronics and mesoscopic superconductivity

Supriyo Datta

Nanoelectronics, Nanoscale electronic transport, Spin electronics, nanoscale energy conversion, molecular electronics and mesoscopic superconductivity

Fisher

We work on a broad range of problems, primarily involving the transport and conversion of energy carried by electrons, phonons, and photons. We seek to solve problems with high importance to applications in clean energy (e.g., direct energy conversion, hydrogen storage) and in major industrial segments (e.g., micro/nanoelectronics, sensors).

Tim Fisher

We work on a broad range of problems, primarily involving the transport and conversion of energy carried by electrons, phonons, and photons. We seek to solve problems with high importance to applications in clean energy (e.g., direct energy conversion, hydrogen storage) and in major industrial segments (e.g., micro/nanoelectronics, sensors).

garcia

Ferroelectric Random Access Memories, Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Solid State Light Emitting Devices, Thermoelectric Generators

R. Edwin Garcia

Ferroelectric Random Access Memories, Rechargeable Lithium-Ion Batteries, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Solid State Light Emitting Devices, Thermoelectric Generators

Garimella

Thermal microsystems, energy efficiency in computing and electronics, micro- and nano-scale transport phenomena, electromechanical microfluidic actuation, high-performance compact cooling technologies, and materials processing

Suresh V. Garimella

Thermal microsystems, energy efficiency in computing and electronics, micro- and nano-scale transport phenomena, electromechanical microfluidic actuation, high-performance compact cooling technologies, and materials processing

Jeff Gray

Computer modeling of photovoltaic devices, semiconductor device physics

Jeffery L Gray

Computer modeling of photovoltaic devices, semiconductor device physics

Lundstrom

Nanoscale electronic devices, molecular/semiconductor devices, microwave devices and characterization

David B. Janes

Nanoscale electronic devices, molecular/semiconductor devices, microwave devices and characterization

Lundstrom

The physics of electronic devices, especially nanoscale transistors and novel devices for computing, communication, and energy conversion and storage

Mark Lundstrom

The physics of electronic devices, especially nanoscale transistors and novel devices for computing, communication, and energy conversion and storage

Malis

Semiconductor physics; intersubband transitions for infrared emission and detection; quantum cascade lasers; molecular-beam epitaxy of novel nanostructures; synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction; structural transformations in metallic nanoparticles

Oana Malis

Semiconductor physics; intersubband transitions for infrared emission and detection; quantum cascade lasers; molecular-beam epitaxy of novel nanostructures; synchrotron-based x-ray diffraction; structural transformations in metallic nanoparticles

manfra

1) growth of semiconductor nanostructures via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), 2) quantum transport phenomena in reduced dimensional systems at low temperatures and high magnetic fields.

Michael Manfra

1) growth of semiconductor nanostructures via molecular beam epitaxy (MBE), 2) quantum transport phenomena in reduced dimensional systems at low temperatures and high magnetic fields.

Mohammadi

Nanoscale electronic devices including devices based on carbon nanotubes and nanowires, nanoelectromechanical devices, RF devices, device characterization and modeling, RF and microwave circuits, low-power electronics, 3D integration, optoelectronics, Nanofluidic and vacuum electronic.

Saeed Mohammadi

Nanoscale electronic devices including devices based on carbon nanotubes and nanowires, nanoelectromechanical devices, RF devices, device characterization and modeling, RF and microwave circuits, low-power electronics, 3D integration, optoelectronics, Nanofluidic and vacuum electronic.

Reifenberger

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM); nanometer-size clusters and cluster-assembled materials; electronic transport properties in nanowires; field emission; molecular electronics; nanoelectronics; and novel chem-bio sensing paradigms

Ron Reifenberger

Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM) and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM); nanometer-size clusters and cluster-assembled materials; electronic transport properties in nanowires; field emission; molecular electronics; nanoelectronics; and novel chem-bio sensing paradigms

rokhinson

Nanophysics, nanotechnology, fabrication techniques, mesoscopic and low dimensional physics, physics at low temperatures and high magnetic fields, spintronics, ferromagnetism and multiferroics, graphene materials, quantum computing and information

Leonid Rokhinson

Nanophysics, nanotechnology, fabrication techniques, mesoscopic and low dimensional physics, physics at low temperatures and high magnetic fields, spintronics, ferromagnetism and multiferroics, graphene materials, quantum computing and information

Sands

Energy conversion materials and devices; nanostructured materials and nanofabrication; GaN heterostructures and light-emitting devices; solid-state lighting; nanostructured thermoelectric materials; solid-state power generators and cooling devices; chemical and physical vapor deposition; electrochemical synthsis of nanostructured materials; pulsed laser deposition; heterogeneous integration; contacts

Timothy D. Sands

Energy conversion materials and devices; nanostructured materials and nanofabrication; GaN heterostructures and light-emitting devices; solid-state lighting; nanostructured thermoelectric materials; solid-state power generators and cooling devices; chemical and physical vapor deposition; electrochemical synthsis of nanostructured materials; pulsed laser deposition; heterogeneous integration; contacts

Schwartz

Modelling of solar cells of all types, Direct energy conversion, Solid state devices.

Richard J. Schwartz

Modelling of solar cells of all types, Direct energy conversion, Solid state devices.

Wei

Multifunctional nanomaterials for biological and functional imaging; nanomagnetics and surface magnetism; optical sensors for pathogen detection; stimuli-responsive soft materials for environmental and tissue engineering; self-assembly and collective material properties of nanoscale ensembles

Alexander Wei

Multifunctional nanomaterials for biological and functional imaging; nanomagnetics and surface magnetism; optical sensors for pathogen detection; stimuli-responsive soft materials for environmental and tissue engineering; self-assembly and collective material properties of nanoscale ensembles

Woodall

Exploratory compound semiconductor materials and devices for high speed and energy conversion.

Jerry M. Woodall

Exploratory compound semiconductor materials and devices for high speed and energy conversion.

Chen

(1) Controlled synthesis of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures; (2) Discovery of novel properties of nanostructures synthesized, with an emphasis on structural, electrical and optical properties; (3) Designing and developing unconventional devices based on nanomaterials for nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and energy applications; (4) Interfacing nanomaterials with biological systems to probe and/or regulate biological activities.

Chen Yang

(1) Controlled synthesis of nanowires and nanowire heterostructures; (2) Discovery of novel properties of nanostructures synthesized, with an emphasis on structural, electrical and optical properties; (3) Designing and developing unconventional devices based on nanomaterials for nanoelectronics, nanophotonics and energy applications; (4) Interfacing nanomaterials with biological systems to probe and/or regulate biological activities.

Xu

Semiconductor physics and devices, Nano-structures and nano-fabrications, Quantum/spin-transport, Atomic layer deposition (ALD), High-k/III-V device integration, High-performance III-V MOSFETs, III-V FinFETs, High-k/graphene integration, High-performance graphene FETs, Graphene spintronics, ALD for solar applications

Piede Ye

Semiconductor physics and devices, Nano-structures and nano-fabrications, Quantum/spin-transport, Atomic layer deposition (ALD), High-k/III-V device integration, High-performance III-V MOSFETs, III-V FinFETs, High-k/graphene integration, High-performance graphene FETs, Graphene spintronics, ALD for solar applications

Klimeck

Nanoelectronic device analysis and synthesis, genetic algorithm based optimization, high performance computing, engineering tool development

Gerhard Klimeck

Nanoelectronic device analysis and synthesis, genetic algorithm based optimization, high performance computing, engineering tool development

 

BNC/NCN affiliated publications

(see all)

Allen, M.W., Zemlyanov, D.Y., Waterhouse, G.I.N., Metson, J.B., Veal, T.D., McConville, C.F. and Durbin, S.M. Polarity effects in the x-ray photoemission of ZnO and other wurtzite semiconductors. Applied Physics Letters, 98(10).

Behin-Aein, B., Sarkar, A., Srinivasan, S. and Datta, S. Switching energy-delay of all spin logic devices. Applied Physics Letters, 98(12).

Das, S.R., Delker, C.J., Zakharov, D., Chen, Y.P., Sands, T.D. and Janes, D.B. Room temperature device performance of electrodeposited InSb nanowire field effect transistors. Applied Physics Letters, 98(24).

Deora, S., Paul, A., Bijesh, R., Huang, J., Klimeck, G., Bersuker, G., Krisch, P.D. and Jammy, R. Intrinsic Reliability Improvement in Biaxially Strained SiGe p-MOSFETs. IEEE Electron Device Letters, 32(3), 255-257.

Gu, J.J., Wu, Y.Q. and Ye, P.D. Effects of gate-last and gate-first process on deep submicron inversion-mode InGaAs n-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors. Journal of Applied Physics, 109(5).

Jalilian, R., Jauregui, L.A., Lopez, G., Tian, J.F., Roecker, C., Yazdanpanah, M.M., Cohn, R.W., Jovanovic, I. and Chen, Y.P. Scanning gate microscopy on graphene: charge inhomogeneity and extrinsic doping. Nanotechnology, 22(29).

Kim, R., Rakshit, T., Kotlyar, R., Hasan, S. and Weber, C.E. Effects of Surface Orientation on the Performance of Idealized III-V Thin-Body Ballistic n-MOSFETs. IEEE Electron Device Letters, 32(6), 746-748.

Koduvayur, S.P., Lyanda-Geller, Y., Khlebnikov, S., Csathy, G., Manfra, M.J., Pfeiffer, L.N., West, K.W. and Rokhinson, L.P. Effect of Strain on Stripe Phases in the Quantum Hall Regime. Physical Review Letters, 106(1).

Kumar, A., Samkharadze, N., Csathy, G.A., Manfra, M.J., Pfeiffer, L.N. and West, K.W. Particle-hole asymmetry of fractional quantum Hall states in the second Landau level of a two-dimensional hole system. Physical Review B, 83(20).

Lee, C., Srisungsitthisunti, P., Park, S., Kim, S., Xu, X.F., Roy, K., Janes, D.B., Zhou, C.W., Ju, S. and Qi, M.H. Control of Current Saturation and Threshold Voltage Shift in Indium Oxide Nanowire Transistors with Femtosecond Laser Annealing. ACS Nano, 5(2), 1095-1101.

 

BNC-affiliated grants and contracts

(see all)

Appenzeller, Joerg, from National Science Foundation, $350,000, "GOALI:  Gated Tunneling Devices from Nano-wire Core Shell Structures for Low-power Applications."

Appenzeller, Joerg, from University Of California-Los Angeles, $125,000, "Functional Engineered Nano Architectonics."

Lucht, Robert P., from National Science Foundation, $54,547, "High-Resolution Laser Diagnostics and Modeling of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Synthesis by Plasma-Enhanced CVD."

Appenzeller, Joerg, from Semiconductor Research Corporation, $40,000, "Semiconductor Research Corporation."

Cooper, James A., from Auburn University, $46,427, "Investigation of Electrostatic Interface Smoothing in 4H-SiC."

Manfra, Michael James, from National Science Foundation, $359,987, "Terahertz Quantum Cascade Laser Utilizing Lattice-Matched Iii-Nitride Heterostructures."

 

BNC Research

 

For More Information,
Please Contact:

Monica M.C. Allain, Ph.D.
Managing Director
Ph: 765-494-5138
mallain@purdue.edu

 

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