Energy Center

Transitions To Alternative Transportation Technologies: A Focus on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

October 7 @ 3:30 PM - 4:30 PM - FRNY G140

Purdue University

Dr. Michael P. Ramage
Executive Vice President (retired)
Exxon Mobil Research and Engineering Company

“Transitions To Alternative Transportation Technologies: A Focus on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles”

October 7, 2010
3:30 - 4:30 p.m.


The nation has compelling reasons to reduce its consumption of oil and emissions of carbon dioxide. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) promise to contribute to both goals by allowing some miles to be driven on electricity drawn from the grid, with an internal combustion engine that kicks in when the batteries are discharged. However, while battery technology has made great strides in recent years, batteries are still very expensive.

This report builds on a 2008 National Research Council (NRC) report on hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs).1 In accordance with the committee’s statement of task, the present report

1. Reviews the current and projected technology status of PHEVs.
2. Considers the factors that will affect how rapidly PHEVs could enter the marketplace, including the interface with the electric transmission and distribution (T&D) system.
3. Determines a maximum practical penetration rate for PHEVs consistent with the time frame and factors considered in the 2008 Hydrogen Report.
4. Incorporates PHEVs into the models used in the hydrogen study to estimate the costs and impacts on petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.


Michael P. Ramage is retired Executive Vice President, ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company. Previously he was Executive Vice President, Chief Technology Officer, and Director of Mobil Oil Corporation. Dr. Ramage held a number of positions at Mobil including Research Associate, Manager of Process Research and Development, General Manager of Exploration and Producing Research and Technical Service, Vice President of Engineering, and President of Mobil Technology Company. He has broad experience in many aspects of the petroleum and chemical industries. Dr. Ramage has served on a number of university visiting committees and was a member of the Government University Industrial Research Roundtable. He was a Director of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers. He is a member of several professional organizations, and the Energy Advisory Board of Purdue University. Dr. Ramage chaired the National Research Council reports “The Hydrogen Economy: Opportunities, Costs, Barriers, and R&D Needs”, “Resource Requirements for a Hydrogen Economy”, “Alternative Liquid Transportation Fuels from Coal and Biomass”, and “Transitions To Alternative Transportation Technologies : A Focus on Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles”. He was also a member of the NRC Americas Energy Future Committee. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and has served on the NAE Council. Dr. Ramage has B.S., M.S., Ph.D., and HDR degrees in Chemical Engineering from Purdue University.

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