Dr. C.N.R. Rao
Honorary President of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, India
Abstract for Today‘s Scientific Scenario and Tomorrow‘s Challenges: The Case for India
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Prof. C.N.R. Rao is the Linus Pauling Research Professor and Honorary President of the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore. His main research interests are in solid state and materials chemistry, surface phenomena, spectroscopy and molecular structure. He is an author of over 1200 research papers and 37 books. He received the M.Sc. from Banaras, Ph.D. from Purdue, D.Sc. from Mysore universities and has received honoris causa doctorate degrees from 35 universities including Purdue, Bordeaux, Banaras, Mysore, IIT Bombay, IIT Kharagpur, Notre Dame, Novosibirsk, Uppsala, Wales, Wroclaw, Caen, Khartoum, Calcutta and Sri Venkateswara University. Besides being a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy and the Indian Academy of Sciences, Prof. Rao is a Fellow of the Royal Society, London, Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A., Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, French Academy of Sciences, Japan Academy as well as the Polish, Czechoslovakian, Serbian, Slovenian, Brazil, Spanish, Korean and African Academies and the American Philosophical Society. He is a Member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, Foreign Member of Academia Europaea and Foreign Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. He is on the editorial boards of 15 leading professional journals.
Among the various medals, honours and awards received by him, mention must be made of the Marlow Medal of the Faraday Society (1967), Bhatnagar Prize (1968), Jawaharlal Nehru Fellowship (1973), Padma Shri (1974), Sir C.V. Raman Award (1975), Centennial Foreign Fellowship of the American Chemical Society (1976), S.N. Bose Medal of the Indian National Science Academy (1980), Royal Society of Chemistry (London) Medal (1981), Padma Vibhushan (1985), Honorary Fellowship of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London (1989), Hevrovsky Gold Medal of the Czechoslovak Academy (1989), Meghnad Saha Medal of the Indian National Science Academy (1990), Blackett Lectureship of the Royal Society (1991), CSIR Golden Jubilee Prize in physical sciences (1991), TWAS Medal in Chemistry (1995), Einstein Gold Medal of UNESCO (1996), Linnett Professorship of the University of Cambridge (1998), Centenary Lectureship and Medal of the Royal Society of Chemistry, London (2000), the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society, London, for original discovery in physical sciences (2000), Karnataka Ratna (2001) by the Karnataka Government, the Order of Scientific Merit (Grand-Cross) from the President of Brazil (2002), Commander of the Order of Rio Branco (2002), Gauss Professorship of Germany (2003), the Somiya Award of the International Union of Materials Research (2004), India Science Prize by the Government of India (2005) and Dan David International Prize for Materials Science (2005). Prof. Rao is President of the Third World Academy of Sciences, Chairman, Scientific Advisory Council to the Prime Minister, Member of the Atomic Energy Commission of India and Chairman, Indo-Japan Science Council. Prof. Rao was President of the Indian National Science Academy (1985-86), the Indian Academy of Sciences (1989-91), the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (1985-87), the Indian Science Congress Association (1987-88), the Materials Research Society of India (1989-91) and Chairman, Advisory Board of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (India). He was the Director of the Indian Institute of Science (1984-94), Chairman of the Science Advisory Council to Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi (1985-89) and Chairman, Scientific Advisory Committee to the Union Cabinet (1997-98) and Albert Einstein Research Professor (1995-99).
Dr. Gail Cassell
M.S., 1971; Ph.D., 1973; Vice President for Scientific Affairs and Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases, Eli Lilly and Company
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Dr. Gail H. Cassell is currently Vice President, Scientific Affairs and Distinguished Lilly Research Scholar for Infectious Diseases, Eli Lilly and Company in Indianapolis, Indiana. She is the former Charles H. McCauley Professor and Chairman of the Department of Microbiology at the University of Alabama Schools of Medicine and Dentistry at Birmingham, a department which ranked first in research funding from the National Institutes of Health during the decade of her leadership. She obtained her B.S. from the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa and in 1993 was selected as one of the top 31 female graduates of the 20th century. She obtained her Ph.D. in Microbiology from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and was selected as its 2003 Distinguished Alumnus.
She is a past President of the American Society for Microbiology (the oldest and single largest life sciences organization with a membership of over 42,000). She was a member of the National Institutes of Health Director's Advisory Committee and a member of the Advisory Council of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of NIH. She was named to the original Board of Scientific Councilors of the Center for Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and served as Chair of the Board. She recently served a three-year term on the Advisory Board of the Director of the Centers for Disease Control and as a member of the Secretary of Health and Human Services Advisory Council of Public Health Preparedness. Currently she is a member of the Science Board of the Federal Food and Drug Administration Advisory Committee to the Commissioner. Since 1996 she has been a member of the U.S.-Japan Cooperative Medical Science Program responsible for advising the respective governments on joint research agendas, (U.S. State Department/Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs). She has served on several editorial boards of scientific journals and has authored over 250 articles and book chapters. Dr. Cassell has received national and international awards and an honorary degree for her research in infectious diseases. She is a member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences and is currently serving a 3-year term on the IOM Council, the governing board.
Dr. Cassell has been intimately involved in establishment of science policy and legislation related to biomedical research and public health. For nine years she was chairman of the Public and Scientific Affairs Board of the American Society for Microbiology; has served as an advisor on infectious diseases and indirect costs of research to the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and has been an invited participant in numerous Congressional hearings and briefings related to infectious diseases, anti-microbial resistance, and biomedical research. She has served two terms on the LCME, the accrediting body for U.S. medical schools as well as other national committees involved in establishing policies in training in the biomedical sciences. She has just completed a term on the Leadership Council of the School of Public Health of Harvard University. Currently she is a member of the Executive Committee of the Board of Visitors of Columbia University School of Medicine, is a member of the Board of Directors of the Burroughs Wellcome Fund, and the Advisory Council of the School of Nursing of Johns Hopkins.
Dr. Arabinda Mitra
Executive Director of the bi-national Indo-US Science and Technology Forum
After a distinguished academic career from Patna University, Arabinda Mitra started his professional assignment in 1985 as a research scholar in Delhi University, on a Department of Ocean Development Fellowship. In 1987 he joined the Department of Atomic Energy as a Scientific Officer, and was involved in the exploration geology of the Himalayas. In 1988, he was awarded the prestigious Cambridge Nehru Fellowship to pursue his doctoral research at the University of Cambridge, UK. His PhD project was jointly carried out with MIT, USA in the area of mid oceanic ridge hydrothermal systems. His research work was published in international journals like Nature, Marine Chemistry and Geo-chimica Cosmo-chimica Acta, Journal of Remote Sensing etc.
In 1993, Dr. Mitra joined the Department of Ocean Development and was assigned the responsibilities of the Indian Antarctic Program. He has to his credit the planning and launching of several multidisciplinary experiments in the Indian Antarctic station, and inducting a strong element of international programs in the Antarctic program. He was nominated as the Indian representative to the international bodies like SCAR & COMNAP of the Antarctic Treaty.
In 1998, Dr. Mitra moved to the National Centre for Antarctic & Ocean Research at Goa, in the capacity of Program Manager, Science. He played a pivotal role in formulating the long-term science strategy of the Indian Antarctic missions and also initiated the setting up of the low temperature ice core laboratory and the remote sensing laboratory at Goa.
In the course of the above assignments, Dr. Mitra has won several academic awards like the ORS Award of UK; Bursary Award of St. Edmundís College; UK and JSPS Award of Japan and was also elected as a Fellow of Geological Society, London. He was a member of the Indian expeditions to Antarctica and has undertaken several scientific cruises to the Indian, Atlantic & Pacific Oceans.
In 2001, Dr. Mitra joined as a Director in the International Division of the Dept of Science & Technology, Government of India. He proficiently enriched the scope and contents of the DST-NSF cooperation through several new initiatives. In Nov 2004, Dr. Mitra was confirmed by the two governments as the first Executive Director of the bi-national Indo-US Science and Technology Forum. He has since added a new paradigm in the Indo-American S&T cooperation by bridging the performing science and technology groups in academic and research sectors of USA and India.