Where Disciplines Converge

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9.6 Billion People by 2050

Population growth, rapid urbanization and increasing transnational flows of commodities, people and animals intensify the risk of infectious transmission across geographies while equally diminishing the ability to respond – all at a time of growing resistance of microorganisms to today’s most effective medicines.

- World Economic Forum, Global Risks Report 2016



70% Increase in Food Production by 2030

Agriculture contributes nearly one-quarter of global greenhouse gas emissions, uses 37 percent of landmass (excluding Antarctica), and accounts for 70 percent of all freshwater withdrawn from rivers, lakes, and aquifers.

- World Resources Institute



60% of Global Population Middle Class by 2030

This expansion continues. The size of the “global middle class” will increase from 1.8 billion in 2009 to 3.2 billion by 2020 and 4.9 billion by 2030. The bulk of this growth will come from Asia: by 2030 Asia will represent 66 percent of the global middle-class population and 59 percent of middle-class consumption, compared to 28 percent and 23 percent, respectively in 2009, according to the figure below.

– David Rohde/Reuters



25 GTOE of Energy Demand by 2050

There is a growing acknowledgement that adaptation to new resilience challenges (cyber threats, extreme weather risks and the energy-water nexus) will require attention and funding, while smart innovation and regional interconnection are also being recognized as being key parts of the solution.

- World Energy Council