B.A. University of California, Berkeley Psychology
M.A. University of California, Berkeley Biostatistics
Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley Quantitative Psychology 1986
To describe factors that prevent older adults from experiencing optimal levels of functioning and quality of life and to implement interventions that improve functioning and quality of life in frail and demented elders.
Dr. Sands research is focused on promoting optimal functioning in older adults. She analyzes large data sets to identify factors that contribute to loss of functioning and loss of quality of life in older adults. Currently, she is analyzing several large data sets to determine: 1)which patients are at highest risk for experiencing poor outcomes after surgery, 2)which community living frail elders are at highest risk of living alone without needed help in carrying out daily activities, 3)what are the health consequences and health services utilization patterns of frail elders living alone in the community without needed help, and 4)what are the optimal care pathways for dementia patients who are dependent on public assistance for their health care. Dr. Sands has also developed methods for detecting whether individual dementia patients benefit from pharmaceutical therapy designed to enhance cognitive functioning. She contributes to the evaluation of programs for frail and demented elders such as Adult Day Health Care and Alzheimers education programs. She also contributes to the development of instruments for frail and demented elders including a quality of life instrument for persons with dementia, a patient satisfaction measure for frail elders, and a patient preference measure for older men with prostate cancer. Dr. Sands is a member of the advisory board for the North Central Indiana chapter of the Alzheimers Association and is a frequent speaker to Alzheimers support groups.
National Institute on Aging
Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services R
Regenstrief Center for Healthcare Engineering
Indiana Division of Disability, Aging, and Rehabi
Xu H, Weiner M, Paul S, Thomas III J, Craig BA, Rosenman M, Carney Doebbeling C, and Sands LP. (2010). Volume of home- and community-based Medicaid Waiver services and risk of hospital admissions. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 58(1):109-115.
Ahmed AH and Sands LP. (2010). Effect of Pre- and Postdischarge Interventions on Breastfeeding Outcomes and Weight Gain Among Premature Infants. Journal of Obstetric Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing, 39(1):53-63.
Cho, H, Sands, LP, and Wilson, KM. (2010). Predictors of summer sun safety practice intentions among rural high school students. American Journal of Health Behavior, 34(4):412-419.
Schmidt E, Sands LP, Weiss S, Dowling G, and Covinsky K. (2010). Adult day health center participation and health related quality of life. The Gerontologist, 50(4):531-540.
Weinheimer EM, Sands LP, and Campbell WW. A systematic review of the separate and combined effects of energy restriction and exercise on fat-free mass in middle-aged and older adults: Implications for sarcopenic obesity. Nutrition Reviews, 68(7):375-88.
Tsai TL, Sands LP, and Leung JM. (2010). An update on postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Advances in Anesthesia, 28(1):269-284.
Young J, Slebodnik M, and Sands L. (2010). Bar code technology and medication administration error. Journal of Patient Safety, 6(2):115-120.
Daggy J, Lawley M, Willis D, Thayer D, Suelzer C, DeLaurentis P, Turkan A, Chakraborty S, and Sands L. (2010). Using no-show modeling to improve clinic performance. Health Informatics Journal, 16(4):246-259.
Barmal, M. F., Dedhiya, S., Craig, B. A., Weiner, M., Rosenman, M., Sands, L. P., Modi, A., Doebbeling, C., & Thomas, J. (2012). Incremental dementia-related expenditures in a Medicaid population. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 20(1), 73-83.
Franks, M., Shields, C., Lim, E., Sands, L., Mobley, S., & Boushey, C. (2012). I will if you will: Similarity in married partners' readiness to change health risk behaviors. Health Education and Behavior, V39(3), 324-311.
Hwang, Y., Cho, H., Sands, L. P., & Jeong, S. (2012). Effects of gain and loss framed sun safety messages on adolescents: Moderating role of risk perceptions, Journal of Health Psychology, 17(6), 929-940.
Kinjo, S., Lim, E., Sands, L. P., Bozic, K. J., & Leung, J. M. (2012). Does using a femoral nerve block for total knee replacement decrease postoperative delirium? BMC Anesthesiology, 12, 4.
Kinjo, S., Sands, L. P., Lim, E., Paul, S., & Leung, J. M. (2012) Prediction of postoperative pain using path analysis in older patients. Journal of Anesthesia, 26(1), 1-8.
Nuti, L. A., Lawley, M., Turkcan, A., Tian, Z., Zhang, L., Chang, K., Willis, D. R., & Sands, L. P. (2012). No-shows to primary care appointments: Subsequent acute care utilization among fiabetic patients. BMC Health Services Research, 12, 304
Sands, L. P., Xu, H., Thomas, III, J., Paul, S., Craig, B. A., Rosenman, M., Doebbeling, C. C., & Weiner, M. (2012). Volume of home and community based services and time to nursing-home placement, Medicare and Medicaid Research Review, 2(3), E1–E21.
Turkcan, A., Nuti, L., DeLaurentis, P.-C., Tian, Z., Daggy, J., Zhang, L., Lawley, M., & Sands, L. (2013). No-show modeling for adult ambulatory clinics. In B.T. Denton (Ed.), Handbook of Healthcare Operations Management: Methods and Applications. Springer.
Weinheimer, E. M., Conley, T. B., Kobza, V. M., Sands, L. P., Lim, E., Janle, E. M., & Campbell, W. W. (2012). Whey protein supplementation does not affect exercise training-induced changes in body composition and indices of metabolic syndrome in middle-aged overweight and obese adults. Journal of Nutrition, 142(8), 1532-1539.
Xu, H., Daggy, J., Yu, D., Craig, B., & Sands, L. P. (2012). Joint modeling of medical cost and survival in complex sample surveys, online, Statistics in Medicine, 32(9),1509-23 .
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